Barbara Kingsolver

Barbara Kingsolver

Infobox Writer


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name = Barbara Kingsolver
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birthdate = April 8, 1955
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occupation = novelist, poet, essayist
nationality = USA
period = 1988-present
genre = Fiction, Historical fiction, Nonfiction
subject = Social justice, Feminism, Environmentalism
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website = http://www.kingsolver.com

Barbara Kingsolver (born April 8, 1955) is an American writer. She has written, or collaborated on, 12 books, most of which are novels, but including some poems, short stories and essays. Kingsolver established the Bellwether Prize for "literature of social change", named after the bellwether.

Biography

Kingsolver was born in Annapolis, Maryland, spent some of her childhood in Africa where her father was a medical doctor, and grew up near Carlisle, Kentucky.cite web | url=http://www.kingsolver.com/about/about.asp | title=About Barbara: Biography | publisher=Barbara Kingsolver official website | accessdate=2006-06-18]

Kingsolver attended DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana on a music scholarship, studying classical piano. Eventually, however, she changed her major to biology.

In the late 1970s, Kingsolver lived in a number of places, including Greece, France, and Tucson, Arizona, working variously as an archaeological digger, copy editor, housecleaner, biological researcher and translator. She earned a Master's degree in ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of Arizona. She then took a job as a science writer for the university. The science writing led to some freelance feature writing and journalism. In 1986, she won an Arizona Press Club award for outstanding feature writing. Her first novel, "The Bean Trees", was published in 1988.

Her subsequent books were "Holding the Line: Women in the Great Arizona Mine Strike of 1983" (non-fiction); a short story collection, "Homeland and Other Stories" (1989); the novels "Animal Dreams" (1990), "Pigs in Heaven" (1993), "The Poisonwood Bible" (1998) and "Prodigal Summer" (2000); a poetry collection, "Another America" (1992); the essay collections "High Tide in Tucson" (1995) and "Small Wonder: Essays" (2002) "Last Stand: America's Virgin Lands," prose poetry with the photographs of Annie Griffiths Belt; and "Animal, Vegetable, Miracle" (2007), a description of eating locally. "The Poisonwood Bible" (1998) was a bestseller that won the National Book Prize of South Africa, was shortlisted for the Pulitzer Prize and PEN/Faulkner Award, and was chosen as an Oprah's Book Club selection. In 2000, Kingsolver was awarded the National Humanities Medal by U.S. President Bill Clinton.

In 1994, Kingsolver was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Letters from her "alma mater", DePauw University. In 2008, she received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Duke University, where she delivered the commencement address, entitled "How to be Hopeful". [cite web | url=http://www.dukenews.duke.edu/2008/05/kingsolver.html | title=2008 Commencement Address by Barbara Kingsolver | last=Kingsolver | first=Barbara | publisher=Duke University | date=2008-05-11 | accessdate=2008-06-18]

She is a member of the Rock Bottom Remainders, a rock and roll band consisting of published writers, including Amy Tan, Matt Groening, Dave Barry, and Stephen King among others.

Barbara Kingsolver lives on a farm in southwest Virginia with her husband Steven Hopp, their daughter Lily, and her daughter Camille from a previous marriage.

Literary themes

Community, economic injustice and cultural difference inform the themes of Kingsolver's work.

In "The Bean Trees", the main character meets a family of Guatemalan immigrants whose daughter was taken by the government in an effort to force them to speak out about their underground teaching circle. They were forced to escape torture and death in their home country, but are also forced to evade the authorities in the United States. The sequel to "The Bean Trees", her 1993 novel "Pigs in Heaven", examines the conflicts between individual and community rights, through a story about a Cherokee child adopted out of her tribe. In "Animal Dreams", the American sister of the main protagonist is kidnapped by US-backed Contras while working to promote sustainable farming in Nicaragua. In "The Poisonwood Bible", Kingsolver examined the role of the United States and other political powers in colonial and post-colonial Africa.

Kingsolver has said, "If we can't, as artists, improve on real life, we should put down our pencils and go bake bread".

Works

* "The Bean Trees", 1988, 1st UK edition 1989, Limited edition (200) 1992
* "Holding the Line: Women in the Great Arizona Mine Strike of 1983", 1989
* "Homeland and Other Stories", 1989
* "Animal Dreams", 1990
* "Another America", 1992
* "Pigs in Heaven", 1993
* "High Tide in Tucson", 1995, also: Limitied edition (150)1995
* "The Poisonwood Bible", 1998
* "Prodigal Summer", 2000
* "Small Wonder: Essays", 2002
* "Last Stand: America's Virgin Lands", 2002 (with photographer Annie Griffiths Belt)
* "Animal, Vegetable, Miracle" 2007, (with Steven L. Hopp and Camille Kingsolver)

References

External links

* [http://www.kingsolver.com Official website]
* [http://eebweb.arizona.edu/courses/Ecol206/SanPedro_NG_Kingsolver.pdf The Patience of a Saint. National Geographic, 2000] .
*
* [http://www.faber.co.uk/media/documents/book_club_27377.pdf Faber and Faber reading guide for 'The Poisonwood Bible']
* [http://www.depauw.edu/news/index.asp?id=19720 1994 Commencement Address at DePauw University - MP3]
* [http://www.loe.org/shows/shows.htm?programID=07-P13-00018#feature4 Transcript of Interview with Living on Earth, May 4th, 2007.] Also available in MP3.
* [http://animalvegetablemiracle.com/ Official page of "Animal, Vegetable, Miracle"]


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  • Barbara Kingsolver — Barbara Kingsolver, née le 8 avril 1955 à Annapolis, dans le Maryland, est une écrivaine américaine. Sous forme d essais, de nouvelles ou encore de poèmes, ses écrits reflètent son intérêt pour la justice sociale et la biodiversité[1]. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barbara Kingsolver — (born 1955) American novelist and short story writer who wrote The Bean Trees (1988) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Kingsolver — n. family name; Barbara Kingsolver (born 1955), American novelist and short story writer who wrote The Bean Trees (1988) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Kingsolver, Barbara — ▪ American author and activist born April 8, 1955, Annapolis, Md., U.S.       American writer and political activist whose best known novels concern the endurance of people living in often inhospitable environments and the beauty to be found even …   Universalium

  • Kingsolver — /king sol veuhr/, n. Barbara, born 1955, U.S. novelist, short story writer, and essayist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kingsolver — /king sol veuhr/, n. Barbara, born 1955, U.S. novelist, short story writer, and essayist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pigs in Heaven — Infobox Book name = Pigs in Heaven title orig = translator = image caption = Cover to audio book edition of Pigs in Heaven . author = Barbara Kingsolver illustrator = cover artist = country = United States language = English series = genre =… …   Wikipedia

  • The Poisonwood Bible — Infobox Book name = The Poisonwood Bible title orig = translator = author = Barbara Kingsolver cover artist = country = United States language = English series = subject = genre = Domestic fiction Historical fiction publisher = HarperFlamingo… …   Wikipedia

  • The Bean Trees — Infobox Book name = The Bean Trees title orig = translator = image caption = First edition cover author = Barbara Kingsolver illustrator = cover artist = country = United States language = English series = subject = genre = Dramatic Fiction… …   Wikipedia

  • Orange Prize for Fiction — Awarded for Best full length novel written in English by a woman of any nationality Presented by Orange Location United Kingdom First awarded 1996 …   Wikipedia

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