Edmond Hoyle

Edmond Hoyle

Infobox Person
name=Edmond Hoyle


caption=English card game authority, "the Father of Whist"
dead=dead
birth_date=1672
birth_place=England
death_date=death date|1769|8|29|df=y
death_place=London, England

Edmond Hoyle (1672 - August 29, 1769), also known as Edmund Hoyle, is a writer best known for his works on the rules and play of card games. The phrase "according to Hoyle" came into the language as a reflection of his generally-perceived authority on the subject; since that time, use of the phrase has expanded into general use in situations in which a speaker wishes to indicate an appeal to a putative authority.Little is known about most of Hoyle's life, though he is widely believed to have been trained to become a barrister. In 1741, Hoyle began working as a whist tutor to members of high society. Along with personal instruction, he sold a short booklet on the game to his clients, describing his basic approaches to the game. The booklet became quite popular, and unauthorized copies of it were circulated about London. To prevent this, Hoyle published "A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist" in 1742, copyrighting his work.

Because of his success, Hoyle followed with similar treatises on backgammon, chess, quadrille, piquet, and brag. In 1750, a compendium of these was published, as "Mr. Hoyle's Games Complete", and over time it pushed off the market Charles Cotton's aging "The Compleat Gamester", which had been considered the "standard" English-language reference work on the playing of games – especially gambling games – since its publication in 1674.Cite book|last=Cotton|first=Charles|coauthors=Marston, Thomas E. (writer of the introduction cited here)|title=The Compleat Gamester|edition=modern reprint|publisher=Imprint Society|location=Barre, Massachusetts|year=1970 (from 1674 original)|accessdate=2007-02-15|chapter=Introduction|pages=p. ix]

The first fifteen editions of Hoyle's works are now extremely rare and mostly owned by collectors. Only two copies of Hoyle's original work on whist (the first edition) are known to still exist; one is in the Bodleian Library.Clarifyme|date=February 2008 Only one copy (a fore-edge painted volume now at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center) is known to exist of his first edition work on Backgammon [http://www.utexas.edu/supportut/news_pub/yg_foreedge.html] .

"A Short Treatise on the Game of Whist" was regarded as authoritative until 1864, after which time it was superseded by the new rules written by John Loraine Baldwin and adopted by the Arlington and Portland clubs.

Many modern card game rule books contain the word "Hoyle" in the title, but the moniker does not mean that the works are derivative of Hoyle's. Because of his contributions to gaming, he was a charter inductee into the Poker Hall of Fame in 1979.

References


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  • Edmond Hoyle — auch Edmund Hoyle (* 1672; † 29. August 1769) war ein britischer Spieleexperte im 18. Jahrhundert. Über das Leben Edmond Hoyles ist nur wenig bekannt; möglicherweise machte er eine Ausbildung zum Rechtsanwalt. Im Jahre 1741 begann Hoyle als Whist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edmond Hoyle — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edmond Hoyle Autoridad del juego de naipes inglés, El Padre del Whist …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edmond Hoyle — noun English writer on card games (1672 1769) • Syn: ↑Hoyle • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author, ↑card player …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hoyle — is a surname, and may refer to * Alan Hoyle, British basketball player and coach * Arthur Hoyle, Australian historian and biographer * Colin Hoyle, English football player * David Hoyle, British perfomance artist * David W. Hoyle, North Carolina… …   Wikipedia

  • Hoyle — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Hoyle (* 1929), US amerikanischer Jazz und Studiomusiker (Trompete, Kornett und Flügelhorn) Edmond Hoyle (auch Edmund Hoyle; 1672–1769), britischer Spieleexperte Fred Hoyle (1915–2001), britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoyle — cited as a typical authority on card or board games, in ref. to Edmond Hoyle (1672 1769), author of several works on card playing. The surname, according to Bardsley, represents a Northern English dialectal pronunciation of hole. In Yorks and… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hoyle — [hoil] n. a book of rules and instructions for indoor games, esp. card games, orig. compiled by Edmond Hoyle (1672 1769), English authority on card games and chess according to Hoyle according to the rules and regulations; in the prescribed, fair …   English World dictionary

  • Edmond — /ed meuhnd/, n. 1. a town in central Oklahoma. 34,637. 2. Also, Edmund. a male given name: from Old English words meaning rich, happy and protection. * * * (as used in expressions) Halley Edmond Hoyle Edmond Rostand Edmond Eugène Edmond Preston… …   Universalium

  • Edmond — (as used in expressions) Goncourt, Edmond (Louis Antoine Huot de) y Jules (Alfred Huot de) Halley, Edmond Hoyle, Edmond Rostand, Edmond (Eugène) Edmond Preston Biden …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hoyle — noun (in phr. according to Hoyle) according to plan or the rules. Origin early 20th cent.: from Edmond Hoyle (1672–1769), English writer on card games …   English new terms dictionary

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