name = "Boiga"
image_size = 240px
image_caption = Mangrove Snake, "Boiga dendrophila"
phylum = Chordata
classis = Reptilia
genus = "Boiga"
genus_authority = Fitzinger, 1826
"Boiga" is a large
genusof mildly venomous, rear-fanged, colubrid snakes typically known as the cat-eyed snakes or just cat snakes. They are primarily found throughout southeast Asia, Indiaand Australia, but due to their extremely hardy nature and adaptability have spread to many other suitable habitats around the world. There are 33 recognized speciesin the genus.
*Andaman Cat Snake, "
Boiga andamanensis" (Wall, 1909)
*Leyte Cat Snake, "
Boiga angulata" (Peters, 1861)
Boiga barnesii" (Günther, 1869)
*Beddome's Cat Snake, "
Boiga beddomei" (Wall, 1909)
Boiga bengkuluensis" (Orlov, Kudryavtzev, Ryabov & Shumakov, 2003)
*Blandings Tree Snake, "
Boiga blandingii" (Hallowell, 1844)
Boiga bourreti" (Tillack, Ziegler & Le Khac Quyet, 2004)
*Sri Lanka Cat Snake, "
Boiga ceylonensis" (Günther, 1858)
*Green Cat Snake, "
Boiga cyanea" (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)
*Dog-toothed Cat Snake, "
Boiga cynodon" (Boie, 1827)
*Gold-ringed Cat Snake or Mangrove Snake, "
Boiga dendrophila annectens" (Boulenger, 1896)
Boiga dendrophila dendrophila" (Boie, 1827)
Boiga dendrophila divergens" (Taylor, 1922)
Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta" (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)
Boiga dendrophila latifasciata" (Boulenger, 1896)
Boiga dendrophila levitoni" (Gaulke, Demegillo & Vogel, 2005)
Boiga dendrophila melanota" (Boulenger, 1896)
Boiga dendrophila multicincta" (Boulenger, 1896)
Boiga dendrophila occidentalis" (Brongersma, 1934)
*Pirmad Cat Snake, "
Boiga dightoni" (Boulenger, 1894)
*White-spotted Cat Snake, "
Boiga drapiezii" (Boie & Boie, 1827)
*Forsten's Cat Snake, "
Boiga forsteni" (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)
*Arrowback Tree Snake, "
Boiga gokool" (Gray, 1835)
Boiga guangxiensis(Wen, 1998)
*Brown Tree Snake, "
Boiga irregularis" (Merrem, 1802)
*Jasper Cat Snake, "
Boiga jaspidea" (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854)
*Kelung Cat Snake, "
Boiga kraepelini" (Stejneger, 1902)
*Many-banded Tree Snake, "
Boiga multifasciata" (Blyth, 1861)
*Many-spotted Cat Snake, "
Boiga multomaculata" (Boie, 1827)
*Black-headed Cat Snake, "
Boiga nigriceps" (Günther, 1863)
Boiga nuchalis" (Günther, 1875)
*Tawny Cat Snake, "
Boiga ochracea" (Günther, 1868)
*Philippine Cat Snake, "
Boiga philippina" (Peters, 1867)
*Fischer's Cat Snake, "
Boiga pulverulenta" (Fischer, 1856)
Boiga quincunciata" (Wall, 1908)
*Banded Cat Snake , "
Boiga saengsomi" (Nutafand, 1985)
Boiga schultzei" (Taylor, 1923)
*Gray Cat Snake, "
Boiga siamensis" (Nootpand, 1971)
Boiga tanahjampeana" (Orlov & Ryabov, 2002)
*Indian Gamma Snake, "
Boiga trigonata trigonata" (Schneider, 1802)
Boiga trigonata melanocephala" (Annandale, 1904)
*Nicobar Cat Snake, "
Boiga wallachi" (Das, 1998)
*Ranawana's Golden Cat Snake, "
Boiga ranawanei" (Samarawickrama, Samarawickrama, Wijesena & Orlov, 2006 (2005))
*Siamese Cat Snake
*European cat snake, "
Description & Behaviour
Cat-eyed snakes are typically thin, long bodied snakes with large heads and large
eyes. They vary greatly in pattern and color. Many species have banding, but some are spotted and some are solid colored. Colors are normally black, brown, or greenwith whiteor yellowaccents.
They are primarily
arboreal, nocturnalsnakes that preyon various species of lizards, birds, and rodents. Their venom toxicity varies from species to species, but is not generally considered to be life threatening to humans. "Boiga" species are oviparous.
"Boiga dendrophilia" is by far the most common species in captivity, but "Boiga cynea" and "Boiga nigriceps" are also found. Others are not commonly available. They are hardy and adaptable and tend to do well in captivity after the initial period of stress from the importation process is passed. They are not bred commonly in captivity, so most specimens available are wild caught, and thus are prone to heavy internal
parasiteload. Adjusting them to a rodentonly diet can be difficult for the inexperienced reptilekeeper.
"Boiga irregularis" in particular has been federally banned in the
United Statesbecause of its effect by accidentally being introduced to the island of Guam. Some time during the 1950s, these snakes (or possibly a single female with eggs) reached the island, possibly having hidden in imported plantpots. The island of Guam lacks native snakes or predators that can deal with snakes the size and aggressiveness of "Boiga irregularis". As a result, they have bred unchecked as an invasive species, and began consuming the island's bird life in astonishing numbers. Currently, dozens of bird species have been completely eradicated from the island, many species that were found nowhere else on earth, and the snake has reached astonishing population densities, reported to be as high as 15,000 snakes per square mile. In addition to devouring the native fauna, this species will routinely crawl into power transformers, and, unfortunately for all involved, this typically results in both an electrocuted snake and substantial blackouts.
* [http://www.wildherps.com/species/B.irregularis.html Wild Herps.com: Eastern Brown Tree Snake]
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