- List of political parties in Finland
Political parties in Finland lists political parties in Finland. Finland has a
multi-partysystem, with three strong parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
Political parties represented in the Parliament
Social Democratic Party of Finland( _fi. Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue, SDP) is mostly supported by the urban working classbut it also has some support among small farmers, white-collar workers, and professionals. In the 1995parliamentary elections, SDP gained a plurality in Finland's parliament with 28% of the vote. But as it won far less than an overall majority, a five-party governing coalition was formed, baptized the "rainbow coalition". In the 1999general election, SDP maintained its plurality with 22.9%, but the Centre Party came in as a near second with 22.4%. The coalition continued with little changes. In the 2003 election, it came second after the Centre Party, and the result was a Centre-SDP coalition, called "red earth" ("punamulta", from red as the color of socialism and earth as the symbol of rural interests). In the 2007 elections SDP gained 21.4% of the votes and was the third biggest party. For the party this was the worst result since 1960s.
Finland's two other major parties are the Centre Party ( _fi. Suomen Keskusta), traditionally representing rural interests, and the conservative National Coalition Party ( _fi. Kansallinen Kokoomus), which draws its major support from the business community and urban professionals. The Centre Party won nearly 20% and the National Coalition Party 18% of the vote in 1995. In the 1999 elections, they won 22.9% and 21% of the vote, respectively. The National Coalition Party was the second-largest party in the SDP-led coalition, which was rounded out by the Swedish People's Party ( _sv. Svenska Folkpartiet, SFP) and the
Green League( _fi. Vihreä Liitto), which left the cabinet after the decision to build a fifth nuclear reactor. In 2007 elections the National Coalition Party was the biggest winner gaining 22.3% of the votes. The party was bigger than the SDP for the first time ever. In the same elections, however, the Centre Party remained the biggest, gaining 23.1% of the votes.
The Left Alliance ( _fi. Vasemmistoliitto), the SDP's rival on the left, gained 11% of the vote in 1995 and joined the SDP-led cabinet. In the 1999 elections it again got 11% of the vote, and remained in cabinet. It was, however, not included in the Center-SDP cabinet, and in 2007, the Left Alliance was again left into the opposition. The Left Alliance was formed in May
1990and replaced the Finnish People's Democratic League( _fi. Suomen Kansan Demokraattinen Liitto, SKDL), a group that represented the Communist Party of Finland( _fi. Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue, SKP) in the Parliament. Political activity by Communists was legalized after the Continuation Warin 1944.
Registered political parties
Under Finnish law, a political association that fulfils certain conditions may become an officially registered party. A registered party may nominate candidates in all national and local elections, and a party that is represented in parliament is entitled to a government subsidy relative to its number of seats. To qualify as a registered party, an association must have bylaws guaranteeing democratic internal organization and must be able to present 5,000 supporters who are eligible to vote. A party that fails to win a single seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections is stricken from the register but may apply again. (In contrast, a
voluntary associationhas a requirement of 20,000 supporters and is not eligible for party subsidy.)
Registered political parties
as of 2007and their leaders:
Stricken from the register:
Seven parties were stricken from the register after 2007 elections, e.g.
Finnish People's Blue-whites.
Historical political parties
Finnish Party(Suomalainen Puolue, SP) 1860s-1918
Young Finnish Party(Nuorsuomalainen Puolue, NSP) 1870s-1918
Communist Party of Finland(Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue, SKP) 1918-1990
* National Progressive Party (Kansallinen Edistyspuolue, ED) 1918-1951
Socialist Workers Party of Finland(Suomen Sosialistinen Työväenpuolue) 1920–1923
* Patriotic People's Movement (Isänmaallinen kansanliike)
Finnish People's Democratic League(Suomen Kansan Demokraattinen Liitto) 1945–1990
* Socialist Unity Party (Sosialistinen yhtenäisyyspuolue) 1946-1955
* Social Democratic Union of Workers and Smallholders (Työväen ja Pienviljelijöiden Sosialidemokraattinen Liitto) 1959–1973
* Socialist Workers' Party (Sosialistinen Työväenpuolue) 1973–
* Democratic Alternative (Demokraattinen Vaihtoehto) 1986–1990
Forces for Change in Finland(Muutosvoimat Suomi) 2002–
Parties in Åland
The autonomous region of Åland has its own party system. These parties are listed in the following table:
Index of political partiesto browse parties by name
List of political partiesto browse parties by country
List of political parties by ideologyto browse parties by name
* Membership of internationals to browse parties by membership of internationals
*Political parties in Åland.
Parliament of Finland
Government of Finland
President of Finland
Elections in Finland
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