Defined narrowly, a visionary is one who experiences a vision or
apparitionconnected to the supernatural. At times this involves seeing into the future. Certain people are capable of going into the visionary state via meditation, drugs, lucid dreams, day dreams, or art. One such example is Hildegard of Bingen, a 12th century artist/visionary. [ [http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/247.html Hildegard of Bingen, Visionary ] ]
A vision can be political, religious, environmental, social, or technological in nature. By extension, a visionary can also be a person with a clear, distinctive and specific (in some details) vision of the future, usually connected with advances in
technologyor social/political arrangements. For example, Ted Nelsonis referred to as a visionary in connection with the Internet[ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1581891.stm BBC News | SCI/TECH | Visionary lays into the web ] ] .
Other visionaries simply imagine what does not yet exist, but might some day, as some forms of visioning (or gazing) provide a glimpse into the possible future. Therefore, visioning can mean seeing in a
utopianway what does not yet exist on earth - but might exist in another realm - such as the idealor perfect realm as imagined or thought. Examples are Buckminster Fullerin architectureand design, and some of the pioneers of personal computingsuch as Steve Jobs. Some people use mathematicsto make visionary discoveries in the nature of the universe. In that sense, a visionary may also function as a secular prophet. Some visionaries emphasize communication, and some assume a figurehead role in organizing a social group.
Artists may produce work loosely categorized as visionary art for its
luminouscontent and/or for its use of artistic techniques that call for the use of extended powers of perceptionin the viewer: (e.g. Gustave Moreau, Samuel Palmer, Jean Delville, Ernst Fuchs, the French Symbolist Odilon Redon, Brion Gysin, Max Ernst, Stanley Spencer, Edward Burne Jones, Adolf Wolfli, Fred Sandback, William Blake, Hieronymus Boschand Henry Darger). Visionary artcan be incorrectly defined as a category of primitive art(art of those not formally trained) rather than describing people who have used their visions (or dreams) to create their paintings. Salvador Daliis one artist who would exemplify visionary art that is neither religious nor primitive.
* "Celestial Visitations The Art of Gilbert Williams" (Pomegranate Artbooks) ISBN 0-517539-00-4, 1979
* Carlo McCormick " Sacred Mirrors: The Visionary Art of
Alex Grey", Inner Traditions International, 1990
Joseph Nechvatal[http://www.eyewithwings.net/nechvatal/Blake/BlakeVisionWWW.htm William Blakeand Visionary Art]
* Metamorphosis: 50 Contemporary Surreal, Fantastic and Visionary Artists (beinArt) ISBN 978-0-9803231-0-8
* John Maizels,"Raw Creation: Outsider Art and Beyond" (1996). ISBN 0714831492
* Elka Spoerri, Daniel Baumann and E. M. Gomez, "The Art of
Adolf Wolfli" (2003). ISBN 0691114986
* Geiger, John (2005). Nothing Is True - Everything Is Permitted: The Life of
Brion Gysin. The Disinformation Company, 130. ISBN 19328571251.
* "Fantastic Art" (Taschen) ( Schurian, Prof. Dr. Walter) ISBN 978-3-8228-2954-7 (English edition), 2005
* "Metamorphosis" (beinArt) ISBN 978-0-9803231-0-8, 2007
* "Cosmic Art" Ramond & Lila Piper (Hawthorne Books) ISBN 0-8015-1774-5, 1975
* [http://www.art.org Intuit: The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art]
* [http://www.folkartmuseum.org American Folk Art Museum official website]
* [http://www.alexgrey.com/ information on
* [http://www.sublimatrix.com/html/jean_delville.html information on
* [http://www.eyewithwings.net/nechvatal/Blake/BlakeVisionWWW.htm "William Blake and Visionary Art" by
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.