Eleazar

Eleazar

Eleazar (or Elazar), (Hebrew Name|אֶלְעָזָר|Elʻazar|Elʻāzār|"God has helped") was a son of Aaron, a Levite priest and High Priest. His wife, a daughter of Putiel, bore him Phinehas. After the death of Nadab and Abihu, he was appointed to the charge of the sanctuary.

He fulfilled a number of functions over the course of the Wilderness wanderings, from creating the plating to the altar out of the firepans of Korah's assembly to performing the ritual of the red heifer.

On Mount Hor he was clothed with the sacred vestments, which Moses took from off his father Aaron and put upon him as successor to his father in the high priest's office, which he held for more than twenty years. He took part with Moses in numbering the people, and assisted at the inauguration of Joshua.

He assisted in the distribution of the land after the conquest. When he died, he "was buried at Gibeah, which had been allotted to his son Phinehas in the hill country of Ephraim" ( [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Joshua%2024:33;&version=31 Joshua 24:33] ). The "Hill of Phinehas" [http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt0624.htm Joshua 24:33] .] related in the bible is associated with the location of the village of Awarta in the Samarian section of the current day West Bank. Due to the uncertain security situation, the Israel Defence Forces limits visits by Jews to one annual night close to the 5th of Shevat (around January-February) on the Hebrew calendar.

The high-priesthood remained in the family of Eleazar until the time of Eli, into whose family it passed (Eli was a descendant of Ithamar, Eleazar's brother [http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?fk_files=2359&pageno=168 Josephus] .] ).

The high priesthood was restored to the family of Eleazar in the person of Zadok after Abiathar was cast out by Solomon (prophesied in [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1%20Samuel%202:30-36;&version=9 I Sm 2:30–6] ; fulfilled in [http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1%20Kings%202:26-27;&version=9; I Kg 2:26–7] ).

He is commemorated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church on September 2, and as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on July 30.

(Note: according to the Documentary Hypothesis, in the Elohist (E) document, "Eleazar" is the name of the son of "Moses" (see Exodus 18:4), who is however more commonly referred to with the name "Eliezer").

References

###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
before=Aaron
title=High Priest of Israel
years=Years unknown
after=Phinehas


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  • Eleazar — • Includes information on three uses of this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eleazar     Eleazar     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ELEAZAR — (in TJ usually Lazar) BEN PEDAT (d. 279), third century amora. He is the amora Eleazar mentioned without a patronymic. Scion of a priestly family (MK 28a), Eleazar was born in Babylon (Ber. 2:1, 4b). There he studied under samuel (Er. 66a), and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — Eléazar Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Eléazar est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom et son origine 2 Personnages bibliques …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleazar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eleazar puede referirse a: Nombre propio Eleazar (nombre), nombre propio de género ambiguo. Personajes históricos Eleazar, Pintor español. Eleázar Garzón Eleazar Gómez Eleazar Guzmán Barron Eleazar Huerta Valcárcel… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • ELEAZAR — (Heb. אֶלְעָזָר; God/El has aided ), high priest after aaron . Eleazar was Aaron s third son (Ex. 6:23); his older brothers Nadab and abihu perished after offering strange fire before the Lord (Lev. 10:1–7; Num. 3:4). During his father s lifetime …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELEAZAR — (Alatzar, Abenalazar), prominent Jewish family in the kingdom of Aragon in the Middle Ages. They were considered francos ( free ) for the special services which they had rendered to the kings of Aragon during the Christian Recon quest and as such …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELEAZAR — (2nd cent. B.C.E.), martyr during the religious persecution instigated by Antiochus Epiphanes (167 B.C.E.). Eleazar, one of the foremost scribes, well advanced in years, was compelled to eat swine s flesh, but chose death with glory rather than… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eleazar — [el΄ē ā′zər] n. [LL(Ec) Eleazar < Gr(Ec) < Heb elazar, lit., God has helped] Bible Aaron s son and successor as high priest: Num. 20:28 …   English World dictionary

  • Eleazar — m Biblical: variant of ELIEZER (SEE Eliezer). See also LAZARUS (SEE Lazarus) …   First names dictionary

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