End-blown flute

End-blown flute

The end-blown flute or rim-blown flute is a keyless woodwind instrument played by directing an airstream against the sharp edge of the upper end of a tube. Unlike a recorder or tin whistle, there isn't a ducted flue voicing, mistakenly called a fipple by some. Most rim-blown flutes are "oblique" flutes, being played at an angle to the body's vertical axis. They generate sound by at this end blown voicing by siphon effect. These oscillations are called a Von Karman vortex street.

End-blown flutes are widespread in folk music and art music. In the Middle East and Mediterranean the ney is frequently used, constructed from reed. Depictions of early versions of the ney can be found in wall paintings in the pyramids of Egypt, indicating that it is one of the oldest musical instruments in continuous use. Further, several ancient Persian artworks also depict the use of Ney in Persian traditional music.

In Turkey the nai and kaval are both end-blown, although one type of Turkish kaval ("dilli kaval") has a fipple. The Turkish ney plays a prominent role in classical Turkish music and Mevlevi music. The Arab "nay" and the Persian "ney" are similar to the Turkish ney. China has the xiao, Japan has the shakuhachi and Korea has the danso and tongso. People of the Andes play the quena, the Hopi and their predecessors the Anasazi of the American southwest have and had a flute similar to the ney. The washint is an East African flute. Panpipes are rim-blown in the same fashion with their lower ends stopped, bound together in a row or "raft".

See also

*Transverse flute
*Vertical flute

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  • end-blown — /end blohn /, adj. (of a flute) having a mouthpiece at the end of the tube so that the player blows into the instrument. Cf. transverse (def. 2). * * * end blown «EHND BLOHN», adjective. played by blowing through a mouthpiece at one end of a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • end-blown — end′ blown adj. mad (of a flute) having a mouthpiece at the end of the tube through which the player s breath is directed …   From formal English to slang

  • end-blown — /end blohn /, adj. (of a flute) having a mouthpiece at the end of the tube so that the player blows into the instrument. Cf. transverse (def. 2). * * * …   Universalium

  • end-blown — /ˈɛnd bloʊn/ (say end blohn) adjective (of a flute) having a mouth piece at the end of the tube, so that the player s breath is directed into the instrument …  

  • Flute — The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. Unlike other woodwind instruments, a flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air against an edge.A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a …   Wikipedia

  • flute — flutelike, adj. /flooht/, n., v., fluted, fluting. n. 1. a musical wind instrument consisting of a tube with a series of fingerholes or keys, in which the wind is directed against a sharp edge, either directly, as in the modern transverse flute,… …   Universalium

  • Xiao (flute) — Xiao blowing hole (the hole faces away from the player, against the lower lip, when the instrument is played) …   Wikipedia

  • Divje Babe flute — Drawing of disputed flute by Bob Fink Material Bone Created Late Pleistocene (43100 ± 700 BP) …   Wikipedia

  • Anasazi flute — The Anasazi flute is the name of a pre historic end blown flute revived and replicated today from findings at a massive cave in Prayer Rock Valley in Arizona, USA by an archaeological expedition led by DeArmond D, Lopez in 1931. The Lopez team… …   Wikipedia

  • Transverse flute — A transverse flute or side blown flute is a flute which is held horizontally when played. The player blows across the embouchure hole, in a direction perpendicular to the flute s body length.Transverse flutes include the Western classical flutes …   Wikipedia

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