Chronic care

Chronic care

Chronic care refers to medical care which addresses preexisting or long term illness, as opposed to acute care which is concerned with short term or severe illness of brief duration. Chronic medical conditions include, but are not limited to, asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, congestive heart disease, cirrhosis of the liver, hypertension and depression. Chronic medical care accounts for more than 75% of health care dollars spent in the US.

Nursing care for the chronically ill

A nurse has to be qualified to handle all the needs of a chronic client. He/She has to be an advocate to put the case of the chronically ill across to the health administration, hospital board or their families. A variety of specialist to name a few such as surgeons, dietitians, nutritionists, occupational therapists, and spiritual heads have to be in attendance for the maximum benefit of the client. Someone suffering from chronic pain for a long time may need the help of a psychiatrist. Everyday activities that the physically fit see as normal may be an herculean feat for the chronically ill and they need all the support that they can get. The nurse may be privy to some of these help that the chronically ill can benefit from. they need to be proactive and put these patients in contact with these help but also sensitive enough to give their client the freedom to decline any help if they think that they do not need it. Chronic pain might also get the person to start questioning their faith and/or wanting to have a deeper spiritual experience because of their pain and suffering. The patient also needs to take time to participate in some fun activities. They may need to check out of the facility/hospital or get out of the house occasionally preventing an association of hospitals with pain. This further helps the patients keep their sanity and keeps them psychologically sound. They may need a nurse that is qualified in palliative care. Some may be dying and they need respect and dignity as they die in pain. They also need a nurse who is non-judgmental and one who is also compassionate and caring. The family has to be involved to help the client better manage the pain. One very important quality is coordinating the best care for the client and some amount of diplomacy and empathy. In some cases, such as with diabetes or sleep apnea, the treatment is long term and difficult for patients to understand and comply with. In theses cases chronic care management is highly recommended to help the patient learn about the consequences of refusing treatment and how to best follow treatment.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chronic care — adj providing or concerned with long term medical care lasting usu. more than 90 days esp. for individuals with chronic physical or mental impairment <chronic care hospitals> <a chronic care nurse> compare ACUTE CARE, INTENSIVE CARE… …   Medical dictionary

  • Chronic care management — encompasses the oversight and education activities conducted by health care professionals to help patients with chronic diseases and health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lupus, multiple sclerosis and sleep apnea learn to… …   Wikipedia

  • Care Continuum Alliance — logo Formation 1999 03 01 Legal status Association …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic (medicine) — This article is about medical conditions. For other uses, see Chronic (disambiguation). A chronic disease is a disease or other human health condition that is persistent or long lasting in nature.[1] The term chronic is usually applied when the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic (medical) — In medicine, a chronic disease is a disease that is long lasting or recurrent. The term chronic describes the course of the disease, or its rate of onset and development. A chronic course is distinguished from a recurrent course; recurrent… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease — Classification and external resources Gross pathology of a lung showing centrilobular type emphysema characteristic of smoking. This close up of the fixed, cut lung surface shows multiple cavit …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic liver disease — in the clinical context is a disease process of the liver that involves a process of progressive destruction and regeneration of the liver parenchyma leading to fibrosis and cirrhosis. Contents 1 Causes 2 Complications of chronic liver disease …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic diseases in China — Chronic diseases, non communicable diseases now account for an estimated 80% of total deaths and 70% of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in China. Cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory disease and cancer are the leading causes… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome — Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis Classification and external resources ICD 10 N41.1 …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic kidney disease — Classification and external resources ICD 10 N03 ICD 9 585 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”