Flora of Brisbane

Flora of Brisbane

The greater Brisbane area of Queensland Australia, has many species of indigenous flora . This article links the flora to its geography with:
*a list of indigenous genera and species with common names and reference links
*a list of places you might see the plants around Brisbane, in parks and in the wild
*reference resources

Plants

The list is organised in alphabetic order by genera; then species scientific name and common names; then external links documenting that species.

A

*Acacia, Wattles
**Acacia fimbriata, Brisbane golden wattle.
***See http://www.worldwidewattle.com/speciesgallery/fimbriata.php
***See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=82
**Acacia leiocalyx, Black wattle.
***See http://www.worldwidewattle.com/speciesgallery/leiocalyx.php

*Acmena, Lillypilly
**Acmena smithii, Lillypilly.
***See http://asgap.org.au/a-smi.html

*Acronychia, Aspens
**Acronychia laevis, Glossy acronychia
**Acronychia pauciflora, Soft acronychia

*Adiantum
**Adiantum aethiopicum, Common maidenhair fern
**Adiantum hispiulum, Rough maidenhair fern

*Ailanthus
**Ailanthus triphysa, White bean

*Alchornea
**Alchornea ilicifolia, Native Holly

*Alectryon
**Alectryon tomentosus, Hairy alectryon

*Alocasia
**Alocasia brisbanensis, Cunjevoi

*Alphitonia
**Alphitonia excelsa, Red ash

*Alpinia
**Alpinia caerulea, Native ginger

*Alyxia
**Alyxia ruscifolia, Chain fruit

*Angophora, Apples, Gums
**Angophora subvelutina, Broadleaf apple
**Angophora leiocarpa, Rusty Gum

*Aphananthe
**Aphananthe philippinensis, Axe handle wood

*Allocasuarina, Forest she-oaks
**Allocasuarina torulosa, Forest she-oak

*Araucaria, Conifers, Pines
**Araucaria bidwillii, Bunya pine
**Araucaria cunninghamii, Moreton Bay pine, Hoop pine

*Argyrodendron
**Argyrodendron trifoliolatum, White booyong

*Aristolochia
**Aristolochia praevenosa, Richmond birdwing butterfly vine

*Arytera
**Arytera divaricata, Coogera

*Asplenium
**Asplenium australasicum, Birdsnest fern

*Austromyrtus
**Austromyrtus bidwillii, Python tree
**Austromyrtus hillii, Scaly Myrtle
**Austromyrtus acmenoides, Scrub ironwood

*Austrosteenisia
**Austrosteenisia blackii, Blood vine

B

*Baloghia
**Baloghia inophylla, Scrub bloodwood

*Banksia
**Banksia integrifolia, Coastal banksia
*** See (illustration) http://lists.rbg.vic.gov.au/static/botart2006/Large/C102_L.jpg
*** See (illustration) http://lists.rbg.vic.gov.au/static/botart2006/Large/C129_L.jpg

*Brachychiton, Kurrajong, Bottletree
**Brachychiton discolor, Lacebark
**Brachychiton populneus, Kurrajong.
***See http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/interns-2002/brachychiton-populneus.html

*Bridelia
**Bridelia exaltata, Brush ironbark
**Bridelia leichhardtii, Small-leaved brush ironbark

C

*Callistemon, Bottlebrush
**Callistemon salignus, White bottlebrush
**Callistemon viminalis, Weeping bottlebrush

*Capparis
**Capparis arborea, Brush caper berry

*Carissa
**Carissa ovata, Current bush.
***See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Cari_ovata.htm

*Cassine
**Cassine australis, Red olive plum

*Castanospermum
**Castanospermum australe, Black bean

*Casuarina, She-oaks
**Casuarina cunninghamiana, River she-oak

*Cissus
**Cissus antarctica, Water vine
**Cissus opaca, Small-leaf water vine

*Citriobatus
**Citriobatus pauciflorus, Orange thorn
**Citriobatus linearis, Bird's nest bush

*Citrus
**Citrus australasica previously Microcitrus australasica, Finger lime
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=565
**Citrus australis previously Microcitrus australis, Native lime
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=72

*Clerodendrum
**Clerodendrum floribundum, Lollybush

*Commersonia
**Commersonia bartramia, Brown kurrajong

*Corchorus
**Corchorus cunninghamii, Native jute

*Cordyline
**Cordyline petiolaris, Broad-leaved palm lily
**Cordyline rubra, Red-fruited palm lily

*Crinum
**Crinum pedunculatum, River Lily

*Cryptocarya
**Cryptocarya obovata, Pepperberry tree

*Corymbia, Bloodwoods, Ghost Gums, Spotted Gums
**Corymbia citriodora, Lemon Scented Gum, Spotted gum (Eucalyptus citriodora)
***See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=135
*** See http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/euctax.pl?/PlantNet/Euc=&name=Corymbia+citriodora
**Corymbia henryi, Spotted gum, large-leaved spotted gum (Eucalyptus henryi)
***See http://saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=137
**Corymbia maculata, Spotted gum (Eucalyptus maculata)
*** See http://asgap.org.au/c-mac.html
*** See http://www.anu.edu.au/BoZo/KioloaEcyclopaedia/viridiplantae/Spotted%20Gum.htm
**Corymbia tessellaris, Moreton Bay Ash, Carbeen (syn. Eucalyptus tessellaris)
***See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=138

*Cupaniopsis
**Cupaniopsis anacardioides, Tuckeroo, Large-leaved Tuckeroo

D

*Davallia
**Davallia pyxidata, Haresfoot fern

*Dendrobium, Orchids
**Dendrobium speciosum, King orchid
**Dendrobium macropus
**Dendrobium linguiforme, Tongue orchid
**Dendrobium monophyllum, Lily of the valley orchid
**Dendrobium teretifolium, Bridal veil orchid

*Dendrocnide
**Dendrocnide photinophylla Shiny-leaved stinging tree
***See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Dendro_photinophylla.htm

*Denhamia
**Denhamia pittosporoides, Veiny denhamia

*Dianella
**Dianella caerulea, Blue flax lilly, Paroo Lilly.
***See http://www.lhccrems.nsw.gov.au/CPR/CPR/plant_profiles/d.caerulea.htmDianella congesta, Dwarf Flax-lily
*Diploglottis
**Diploglottis australis, Native tamarind
***http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Diplo_australis.htm

*Doodia
**Doodia aspera, Prickly rasp fern
***See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Doodia_aspera.htm
***See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=154

*Drynaria
**Drynaria rigidula, Basket fern

*Dysoxylum
**Dysoxylum rufum, Hairy rosewood

E

*Ehretia
**Ehretia acuminata, Koda
***See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Ehretia_acuminata.htm

*Elaeocarpus, Quandong
**Elaeocarpus obovatus, Hard quandong
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Elaeo_obovatus.htm
**Elaeocarpus reticulatis, Blueberry ash
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Elaeo_reticulatus.htm

*Elattostachys
**Elattostachys xylocarpa, White tamarind

*Erythina
**Erythina vespertilio, Bat's wing coral tree

*Eucalyptus, Gums, Iron Barks.
**Eucalyptus crebra, Narrow-leaved ironbark
**Eucalyptus henryi, Broad-leaved spotted gum
**Eucalyptus melanophloia, Silver-leaved ironbark
**Eucalyptus microcorys, Tallowwood
**Eucalyptus nigra, Queensland white stringybark
**Eucalyptus propinqua, Grey Gum
***See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=163
**Eucalyptus siderophlia, Grey ironbark
***See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=164
**Eucalyptus tereticornis, Queensland Blue gum, Forest red gum
*** See http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=165

*Euroschinus
**Euroschinus falcata, Ribbonwood

F

*Ficus, Figs
**Ficus coronata, Creek sandpaper fig
*** See (illustration) http://lists.rbg.vic.gov.au/static/botart2006/Large/C066_L.jpg
**Ficus fraseri, Shiny sandpaper fig
**Ficus macrophylla, Moreton bay fig
**Ficus obliqua, Small-leaved fig
**Ficus opposita, Sandpaper fig
**Ficus platypoda, Rock Fig
*** See (illustration) http://lists.rbg.vic.gov.au/static/botart2006/Large/C066_L.jpg
**Ficus virens, White fig

*Flindersia, Ash
**Flindersia australis, Crow's ash
**Flindersia bennettiana, Bennett's ash

G

*Glochidion
**Glochidion ferdinandi, Cheese Tree

*Gmelina
**Gmelina leichhardtii, White beech

*Grevillea
**Grevillea robusta, Silky oak

*Guioa
**Guioa semiglauca

*Gymnostachys
**Gymnostachys anceps, Settlers flax

H

*Hakea
**Hakea florulenta, Blooming Hakea
*** See [http://www.qld.greeningaustralia.org.au/GAQOTSASP/04_plant_search/features.asp?SpeciesName=Hakea%20florulenta]
*Harpullia
**Harpullia pendula, Tulipwood
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/database/Harp_pendula.htm
**Harpullia hillii, Hill's tulipwood

*Hibiscus
**Hibiscus heterophyllus, Native hibiscus

*Hovea
**Hovea acutifolia, Pointed-leaved hovia

*Hymenosporum
**Hymenosporum flavum, Native frangipani

I

J

*Jagera
**Jagera pseudorhus, Foambark
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=247

*Jasminum
**Jasminum simplicifolium subsp. australiense
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=245

K

L

*Lobelia
**Lobelia trigonocaulis, Forest lobelia

*Lomandra
**Lomandra longifolia, Long-leaved matrush
*** See (illustration) http://lists.rbg.vic.gov.au/static/botart2006/Large/C156_L.jpg
**Lomandra confertifoliaLomandra hystrix
*Leptospermum, Tea Trees

*Lophostemon, Boxes
**Lophostemon confertus, Brush Box, Queensland Box, Brisbane Box
*** See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=59

M

*Macaranga
**Macaranga tanarius

*Mallotus

*Macrozamia, Burrawang
**Macrozamia lucida, Burrawang, Pineapple Zamia
**Macrozamia miquellii

*Melaleuca, Paper Barks

*Mallotus
**Mallotus philippensis, Red kamala
**Mallotus cloaxiloides, Green kamala
**Mallotus discolor, Yellow kamala
*Melia
**Melia azedarach var. australasica, White Cedar, Chinaberry

*Melicope
**Melicope micrococca, White euodia

*Microcitrus see Citrus

N

*Notelaea
**Notelaea longifolia, Large mock-olive

O

*Omalanthus
**Omalanthus populifolius, Bleeding heart

*Oplismenus
**Oplismenus aemulus, Creeping beard grass

*Ottochloa
**Ottochloa gracillima

*Owenia
**Owenia venosa, Crow's apple

P

*Pandorea
**Pandorea jasminoides, Bower-of-beauty
**Pandorea pandorana, Wonga vine

*Pararchidendron
**Pararchidendron pruinosum, Monkey's ear-rings

*Pavetta
**Pavetta australiensis

*Pittosporum
**Pittosporum rhombifolium, Hollywood
**Pittosporum revolutum, Brisbane laurel

*Planchonella
**Planchonella cotinifolia, Coondoo
**Planchonella pohlmaniana, Engraver's wood
**Planchonella myrsinoides, Yellow plumwood

*Platycerium
**Platycerium bifurcatum, Elkhorn
**Platycerium superbum, Staghon

*Podocarpus, Conifers, Pines
**Podocarpus elatus, Brown Pine

*Polyscias
**Polyscias elegans, Celerywood

*Premna
**Premna lignumvitae

*Psychotria
**Psychotria daphnoides, Smooth psychotria

*Pteris
**Pteris esculentum, Common bracken
**Pteris tremula, Tender bracken

*Pultenaea
**Pultenaea cunninghamii, Grey bush pea
**Pultenaea villosa, Hairy bush pea

*Pyrrosia
**Pyrrosia confluens, Felt fern

Q

R

*Rhodosphaera
**Rhodosphaera rhodanthema, Deep yellowwood

*Smilax
**Smilax australis, Barbed wire vine

*Stenocarpus
**Stenocarpus sinuatus, Firewheel tree

*Stephania
**Stephania philippensis, Snake vine

*Sterculia
**Sterculia quadrifida, Peanut tree

*Streblus
**Streblus brunonianus, Whalebone tree

*Syzygium
**Syzygium australe, Creek lilly pilly

T

*Tabernaemontana
**Tabernaemontana pandacaqui, Banana bush (Ervatamia angustissepala)

*Techima
**Techima tenax, Pitted-leaf steelwood

*Toona
**Toona australis, Red cedar

*Trema
**Trema aspera, Poison peach

*Tristaniopsis
**Tristaniopsis laurina, Watergum

*Turraea
**Turraea pubescens

U

V

W

*Waterhousea
**Waterhousea floribunda, Weeping lilly pilly (Syzygium floribundum)

*Wilkiea
**Wilkiea macrophylla, Large-leaved wilkiea

X

Y

Z

Fungi

No longer classified as flora, Brisbane also has species of indigenous fungi.

*Ganoderma, Large hard brackets on living or dead trees.
**Ganoderma australe
*** Similar to (and closely related to) Ganoderma applanatum

*Phellinus, Hoof-shaped caps on living or dead trees, annular growth rings, very hard.

Places

Parklands, forests and reserves with native vegetation around Brisbane.

Metropolitan Area

*Anstead Bushland Reserve
*Banks Street Reserve
*Bayside Parklands
*Belmont Hills Bushland
*Boondall Wetlands
*Bunyaville State Forest Park
** See http://www.epa.qld.gov.au/projects/park/index.cgi?parkid=33
*Brisbane Botanic Gardens, Mount Coot-tha
*Brisbane City Botanic Gardens
*Brisbane Forest Park, Queensland
*Brisbane Koala Bushlands
*Bulimba Creek
*Chermside Hills Reserves
*Deagon Wetlands
*Hemmant Quarry Reserve
*Indooroopilly Island Conservation Park
*Karawatha Forest
**See http://www.karawatha.com/
*Mt Coot-tha Forest
*Rafting Ground Reserve
**See http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/old_site/newsletters/issue5/projects-rrr.html
*Raven Street Reserve
*Roma Street Parkland
*Samford State Forest Park
*Seven Hills Bushland Reserve
*Tinchi Tamba Wetlands
*Toohey Mountain / Toohey Forest
*Whites Hill Reserve
*Venman Bushland National Park

Within 100km

*Bellthorpe State Forest
*Bribie Island
*Burleigh Head National Park
*Glasshouse Mountains
*Moreton Island National Park
*Mt Mee State Forest
*Nerang State Forest
*North Stradbroke Island
*Numinbah State Forest
*Tamborine Mountain
*White Rock Conservation Park

Within 180km

References

Plant Reference Materials

* [http://www.anbg.gov.au/apni/index.html Australian Plant Name Index (APNI)] ; Australian National Botanic Gardens; Australian National Herbarium

* [http://www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/ Brisbane Rainforest Action & Information Network]

*"Eucalyptus Forest Guide"; P.A.R. Young, P.J. Hauser; Brisbane Forest Park Administration Authority, 1988; ISBN 0-7242-2798-9

*"Field guide to Eucalypts Volume 3 Northern Australia"; Brooker, Kleinig; Inkata Press, 1994; ISBN 0-909605-67-X

* [http://www.anbg.gov.au/projects/eucalypts/index.html "An Introduction to the Eucalypts"] (including Corymbia and Angophora); Andrew Lyne; Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research;

* [http://www.epa.qld.gov.au/publications/p00724aa.pdf/Key_to_eucalypts_of_Greater_Brisbane.pdf "Key to Eucalypts of Greater Brisbane"] ; Queensland Herbarium with Queensland Government Environmental Protection Agency, August 2001

* [http://www.epa.qld.gov.au/publications/p00723aa.pdf/Key_to_the_wattles_of_Greater_Brisbane.pdf "Key to the Wattles of Greater Brisbane"] ; Queensland Herbarium with Queensland Government Environmental Protection Agency

*"Mangroves to Mountains - a field guide to the Native Plants of the Logan-Albert River Catchment"; Logan River branch SGAP. (Qld Region) Inc, 2002; ISBN 1-875401-95-4

*"Mangroves to Mountains Volume 2 - a field guide to the Native Plants of South-east Queensland"; Logan River branch SGAP (Qld Region) Inc, 2005; ISBN 0-646-45089-1

*"Putting back the forest - a landcare guide for Brookfield, Pullenvale and Moggill"; Bryan Hacker, Rona Butler and Rae Rekdahl; Rural Environment Planning Association Inc, 1994; ISBN 0-646-20579-X

*"Rainforest Guide"; P.A.R. Young, P.J. Hauser, L.G.H. Hepworth, K Plowman; Brisbane Forest Park Administration Authority, 1991; ISBN 0-7242-4605-3

*"Tree ID made Easy - a simple guide to open-forest trees of South-East Queensland"; Ann Moran; Published by the author; ISBN 0-646-05209-8

*"Wild plants of greater Brisbane - a Queensland Museum Guide"; Queensland Museum, 2003; ISBN 0-9751116-2-0

Fungi Reference Materials

*"A field guide to the Fungi of Australia"; A.M. Young, Kay Smith; UNSW Press, 2005; ISBN 0-86840-742-9

Places Reference Materials

* [http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/BCC:BASE:1186521910:pc=PC_1278 Brisbane's Natural Areas]
* [http://www.epa.qld.gov.au/projects/park/listing.cgi?region=68 EPA's list of parks and forests around Brisbane]
*Gardens and parkland in Brisbane
* [http://www.mountainstomangroves.org/ Mountains to Mangroves Organisation]
*"Wild places of greater Brisbane - a Queensland Museum Publication"; Queensland Museum, 1996; ISBN 0-7242-7110-4

Revegetation and planting resources

* [http://www.bulimbacreek.org.au/ Bulimba Creek Catchment Coordinating Committee (B4C)]
* [http://www.fairhillnursery.com/nurovr.html Fairhill Native Nursery, Yandina]
* [http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au Greening Australia]
** [http://www.qld.greeningaustralia.org.au/GAQOTSASP/default.asp Greening Australia Nursery]
* [http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au/GA/QLD/OnGroundAction/our+projects/landforwildlife/| Land for Wildlife] program
* [http://www.healthywellbeing.com/nielsensnativenursery/| Nielsen's Native Nursery]
* [http://www.saveourwaterwaysnow.com.au/default.asp| Save our Waterways Now (SOWN)]

ee also

*Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants
*Flora of Australia
*Invasive Species in Australia
*List of endangered Australian plants
*Protected areas of Queensland
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?t=k&ie=UTF8&z=10&ll=-27.28,153.01&spn=0.844613,1.277161&om=1 Satellite images and map]
* [http://asgap.org.au/APOL19/sep00-3.html A short essay about the eucalyptus - corymbia reclassification debate]


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