German anti-aircraft cruiser Niobe

German anti-aircraft cruiser Niobe

"Niobe" (ex-Hr.Ms. "Gelderland") was a German anti-aircraft cruiser that served during World War II. She was sunk in the harbour of Kotka in Finland on July 16, 1944.


The ship began its history as the Dutch "Holland"-class armoured deck cruiser ("pantserdekschip") Hr.Ms. "Gelderland". After World War I she served as an artillery training ship in the Dutch navy. The ship was seized by the Germans during their invasion of the Netherlands in 1940. "Gelderland" joined the German "Kriegsmarine" under its new name "Niobe". She was in use between 1940-44, first as a cruiser, then as a training ship, and finally as an AA-cruiser ("Flakschiff").

During the great Soviet offensive of 1944 the Soviets tried to finish the war against the Finns, once and for all. The Germans came to aid the Finns and among the material brought with them was the AA-cruiser "Niobe", which was ordered to strengthen the air defences of Kotka, then one of the most bombed cities of Finland. The Soviet Union put much emphasis on finding and sinking the Finnish coastal defence ship "Väinämöinen". Soviet aerial reconnaissance spotted a large ship in the Kotka harbour and decided to attack it with great strength. 132 bombers and fighters took off on July 16, 1944. The ship was however the "Niobe" and the aircraft were met with fierce resistance. Nine aircraft were shot down before the ship was hit by seven bombs and two bouncing bombs (similar to the ones used in Operation Chastise) from two Soviet A-20 Havoc bombers. The guns were still shooting while she was settling in her shallow grave. 70 men were lost.

The "Niobe" was lifted and scrapped in 1953.

External links

* [ Gelderland page]
* [ Niobe]
* [ Pictures and facts]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Niobe (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Greek mythology 2 Arts 3 Entertainment 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Niobe (ship) — Several ships have borne the name Niobe, after the figure of Niobe in Greek mythology German anti aircraft cruiser Niobe, ex HNLMS Gelderland, Dutch ship taken over by the Germans during World War II Segelschulschiff Niobe, a tall ship used by… …   Wikipedia

  • HNLMS Gelderland — The wreck of Niobe in Kotka Career …   Wikipedia

  • HNLMS De Gelderland — was a Dutch warship. During its career in the Dutch Navy it was most notable for being the ship Queen Wilhelmina sent to South Africa to rescue Paul Kruger during the Second Boer War. The ship was taken over by the Germans during World War II and …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (G) — # G H (navigation) # G Men vs the Black Dragon # G and H class destroyer # G for George # G. B. Pegram # G. Mennen Williams # G. N. Glasoe # G. Warren Nutter # G.I. Robot # G.I. Stories # G.I. Wanna Home # G?siówka # Göppingen Gö 9 # Göran… …   Wikipedia

  • Bouncing bomb — Infobox Weapon name = Vickers Type 464 code name: Upkeep store caption = Upkeep bouncing bomb at the Imperial War Museum Duxford origin = UK type = Conventional (depth charge) is ranged =yes is bladed= is explosive =yes is artillery= is vehicle=… …   Wikipedia

  • List of cruisers — This is a so far incomplete list of cruisers 1860 present. It includes protected, light, armoured, battle , heavy and missile cruisers. Dates are launching dates. Argentina * Patagonia (1885) * Necochea (1890) Renamed Veinticinco de Mayo * Nueve… …   Wikipedia

  • List of naval ship classes of Germany — The list of naval ship classes of Germany includes all classes of naval ships produced or operated in Germany from the late 19th century to modern day.See also: * List of naval ships of Germany for a list of individual ships * List of German Navy …   Wikipedia

  • Finnish coastal defence ship Väinämöinen — Väinämöinen was a Finnish coastal defence ship, the sister ship of the Finnish Navy s flagship Ilmarinen and also the first ship of her class. She was built at the Crichton Vulcan shipyard in Turku and was launched in 1932. Väinämöinen , as well… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”