- Bear River (Utah)
Geobox | River
name = Bear River
category = River
image_size = 300
image_caption = Lake at the head of Bear River,
Uinta Mountains, Utah (photo taken 1868-1870).
country = United States
state = Nevada
state1 = Idaho
state2 = Wyoming
region_type = County
source_location = Uinta Mountains
source_region = Summit County
source_state = Utah
source_elevation_imperial = 4203
source_elevation_note = GNIS|1438485|Bear River]
source_lat_d = 40
source_lat_m = 52
source_lat_s = 2
source_lat_NS = N
source_long_d = 110
source_long_m = 50
source_long_s = 9
source_long_EW = W
Great Salt Lake
mouth_region = Box Elder County
mouth_state = Utah
mouth_lat_d = 41
mouth_lat_m = 27
mouth_lat_s = 30
mouth_lat_NS = N
mouth_long_d = 112
mouth_long_m = 17
mouth_long_s = 25
mouth_long_EW = W
mouth_elevation_imperial = 1281
length_imperial = 350
map_size = 300
map_caption = Map of the Bear River watershed.
commons = The Bear River is a
river, approximately convert|350|mi|km long, in southwestern Wyoming, southeastern Idaho, and northern Utah, in the United States. The largest tributary of the Great Salt Lake, it drains a mountainous area and farming valleys east of the lake and southwest of the Snake River Plain.
The course of the river essentially makes a large inverted U around the north end of the
Wasatch Range. It rises in northeastern Utah in several short forks on the north side of the high Uinta Mountainsin southern Summit County. It flows north, cutting across the southwest corner of Wyoming past Evanston then weaving along the Utah-Wyoming state line as it flows north. It turns northwest into Bear Lake County, Idahoand flows through the Bear Lake Valley, Idaho, past Montpelier where it receives the short Bear Lake Outlet Canalthat drains Bear Lake, which straddles the Idaho-Utah border. At Soda Springs, at the north end of the Wasatch Range, the Bear River turns abruptly south, flowing past Preston in the broad Cache Valleythat extends north from Logan, Utah. It re-enters northern Utah, meandering south past Cornish and Newton. It is impounded to form the Cutler Reservoir, where it receives the Little Bear Riverfrom the south. From the west end of Cutler Reservoir it flows south through the Bear River Valleypast Bear River City. It receives the Malad River from the north just before emptying into the mud flats of a broad bay on the east side of the Great Salt Lake, approximately convert|10|mi|km southwest of Brigham City.
Bear River is believed to have once been a tributary of the Snake River. It is thought however, that lava flows near Pocatello, Idaho diverted it into what was then Lake Bonneville.Fact|date=September 2008
Uses and protected areas
The river is used extensively for
irrigationin the farming valleys through which it flows in its lower reaches Idaho and northern Utah.
The lower convert|10|mi|km of the river near its delta on the Great Salt Lake are protected as part of
Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge.
In the early 19th century the river valley was inhabited by the
Shoshonepeople. Fur trappers from the Hudson's Bay Companybegan to penetrate the area, exploring south from the Snake Riveras early as 1812. The Cache Valley was early destination for Mormon pioneers in the late 1840s. On January 29, 1863troops of the United States Armyattacked a Shoshone winter village in the Cache Valley, slaughtering many of its inhabitants. The incident has come to be known as the Bear River Massacre.
List of rivers in the Great Basin
List of Utah rivers
* [http://digital.lib.usu.edu/bear.php Bear River Watershed Historical Collection: Utah State University]
* [http://www.media.utah.edu/UHE/b/BEARRIVER.html Utah History Encyclopedia: Bear River]
* [http://www.media.utah.edu/UHE/b/BEARRIVMASS.html Utah History Encyclopedia: Bear River Massacre]
* [http://bearriver.fws.gov/ USFWS: Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge]
* [http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/usfwspubs/2/ "Bear River: A National Wildlife Refuge"] by V.T. Wilson and Rachel Carson (1950) (online pdf)
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