- Historical fantasy
Historical fantasy is a subgenre of
fantasy, related to historical fiction. It includes stories set in a specified historical periodbut with some element of fantasy added to the world, such as supernaturalevents, magic or a mythical creaturehidden in the cracks. Often the magic retreats from the world so as to allow history to continue unaltered, as in Lord Dunsany's " The Charwoman's Shadow", which takes place in Spain, but which ends with the magician in it removing himself, and all creatures of romance, from the world, thereby ending the Golden Age. Such fantasies, if they do not have the magic carefully hidden from history, shade into alternate history.
Alternatively the story may be set in a purely fictional world which either strongly resembles a specific historical period or contains elements of history evident in its characters, settings or story, for example
George R. R. Martin's acclaimed series " A Song of Ice and Fire", inspired by the Wars of the Roses, and R. Scott Bakker's Prince of Nothingbooks which draw on ancient Middle Eastern civilizations such as the Persian Empire, Scythia, Hellenistic Greece, and the Crusadesyet is set in a purely fictional location. Unlike alternate history, the history contains many elements that are not derived from a specific historical period.
Many if not most works by fantasy authors derive ideas and inspiration from real events, making the borders of this subgenre fuzzy.
When a specific era of history is popular with writers, a subgenre may spring up, such as Celtic fantasy, which includes such works as
Katharine Kerr's "Deverry" series, or Teresa Edgerton's "Green Lion" Trilogy. These works are (loosely) based on Dark Ages Celtic cultures. The separate folklore of Ireland, Wales, and Scotland has sometimes been used indiscriminately, sometimes with great effect; other writers have distinguished to use a single source.John Grant and John Clute, "The Encyclopedia of Fantasy", "Celtic fantasy", p 275 ISBN 0-312-19869-8]
The Welsh tradition has been particularly influential, owing to its connection to King Arthur and its collection in a single work, the epic
Mabinogion. One influential retelling of this was the fantasy work of Evangeline Walton: " The Island of the Mighty", " The Children of Llyr", " The Song of Rhiannon", and " Prince of Annwn". A notable amount of fiction has been written in the area of Celtic fantasy. [Michael Moorcock, "Wizardry & Wild Romance: A Study of Epic Fantasy" p 101 ISBN 1-932265-07-4]
Examples of historical fantasy
The era listed is the location, or source for the setting, for these works.
C. J. Cherryh's "The Russian Stories": Medieval Kievan Rus'and " The Paladin": Chinaof the Tangdynasty
Susanna Clarke's " Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell": Napoleonic England
*David Gemmel's "Lion of Macedon": Ancient Greece
Guy Gavriel Kay's " Tigana": Renaissance Italy, " A Song for Arbonne": Medieval Occitania, " The Lions of Al-Rassan": Moorish Spain, " The Sarantine Mosaic": Byzantine Greece, and " The Last Light of the Sun": Viking England
Katherine Kurtz's " Deryni novels": The Medieval British Islands (specifically, Wales)
Juliet Marillier's " The Sevenwaters Trilogy": Ninth Century Ireland
Naomi Novik's Temeraire series: England during the Napoleonic Wars
Tim Powers's " The Drawing of the Dark": Renaissance Europe, " On Stranger Tides": Early Nineteenth Century Caribbean, and " The Stress of Her Regard": early 19th century Italy
Delia Sherman's " The Porcelain Dove": Revolutionary France
Harry Turtledove's "Thessalonica": (Byzantine Greece) and "War Between the Provinces": (American Civil War)
Gene Wolfe's "Soldier of the Mist" and "Soldier of Arete": Ancient Greece
Chelsea Quinn Yarbro's "The Saint-Germain" novels: Various eras
* [http://www.realityends.com/historical-fantasy.html Historical fantasy] Book recommendations at [http://www.realityends.com RealityEnds]
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