- English riding
English riding is a term used to describe a form of horseback riding that is seen throughout the world. There are many variations in English riding, but all feature a flat
English saddlewithout the deep seat, high cantle or saddle horn seen on a Western saddlenor the knee pads seen on an Australian Stock Saddle. Saddles within the various English disciplines are all designed to allow the horse the freedom to move in the most optimal manner for a given task, ranging from Classical dressageto horse racing. English bridles also vary in style based on discipline, but most feature some type of cavesson nosebandas well as closed reins, buckled together at the ends, that prevent them from dropping on the ground if a rider becomes unseated. Clothing for riders in competition is usually based on traditional needs from which a specific style of riding developed, but most standards require, as a minimum, boots; breeches or jodhpurs; a shirt with some form of tie; a hat, cap, or equestrian helmet; and a jacket.
English riding is an equestrian discipline with many different styles. However, at the most basic level, most versions require riders to use both hands on the reins, rather than just one hand, as is seen in
western riding. Riders also frequently "post" to the trot (rising and sitting in rhythm with each stride) in many circumstances, though there are also times English riders may sit the trot.
English riding is promoted in organizations for youth, such as
Pony Club, and is the basic style of riding seen in the various events at the Olympics. English saddles are also used by many pleasure riders for everyday riding. The major subdivisions of the English riding genre are:
Forms of competition and exhibition seen throughout the world.
In addition, most of these disciplines in all nations feature an
equitationdivision that judges riders on their form and style. At some shows, a sidesaddledivision is also offered.
United States Equestrian Federation
International Federation for Equestrian Sports
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