Bibliolatry is the worship of the
Bibleor any other text. The word is a portmanteauof the Greek words "biblion" (book) and "latria" (worship), and though it may also refer to an extreme devotion to books in general, it is more often used as a derogatory reference to the elevation of a holy book to a divine level.
The term itself most frequently used as a
pejorativeterm to negatively label theologicalopponents, typically appearing in exchanges between different Christian sects or different wings of a Christian sect or church. There are very few who claim to worship a book itself, but those who believe in biblical inerrancyare sometimes considered to be bibliolaters by those who take a different view of the Bible. Many Christians (particularly Protestants of a fundamentalist or evangelical background) believe that Godis revealed in a unique, authoritative and unambiguous way through the Bible, while others hold that such a belief is essentially worship of the Bible itself and that God is also significantly revealed through the study of nature, reason(Logos), traditional practice, and individual experience (see, for example, the " Wesleyan Quadrilateral"), all of which must be taken into account when deciding how to truly follow God and how to properly interpret any scripture. Some denominations, such as Latter-day Saintsand Roman Catholics, assert the role of continuing divine revelation or interpretation through authoritative or inspired leaders or prophets. Jaroslav Pelikanwrites of " Unitatis Redintegratio" 21, "the Second Vatican Councilof the Roman Catholic Churchof 1962-1965 could speak with a mixture of genuine admiration and ever-so-gentle reproof about a 'love and reverence, almost a cult, for Holy Scripture' among the 'separated Protestant brethren'." [Jaroslav Pelikan, "Whose Bible Is It? A History of the Scriptures Through the Ages" ISBN 0-670-03385-5.] Southern BaptistWilliam Merrell published a brief survey of Southern Baptist responses to the charge of bibliolatry in 2000. [ [http://www.baptist2baptist.net/b2barticle.asp?ID=54 "Bibliolatry — A Fraudulent Accusation",] William Merrell, SBC Life, October, 2000.]
Though most often used in a Christian context, the charge of bibliolatry is also sometimes levelled against Islamic fundamentalists and other religionists deemed excessively devoted to their holy texts. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=5bo1KaVBhKMC&pg=PA192&lpg=PA192&dq=bibliolatry+islam&source=web&ots=SUntPy2eH5&sig=GufONQy0jDCkNDXUGQHTHCt-UHg "The Unseen Face of Islam"] , Bill A. Musk, p.192, Kregel Publications, Missions to Muslims, 1989, ISBN 0825460549]
Bibliomancyis the use of holy books (the Bible for Jews and Christian) for divination.
Guru Granth Sahibis the holy book of Sikhism. The last of the Sikh Gurus left it as his successor. It is treated as a revered person.
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