- Bruno Apitz
Bruno Apitz (
28 April 1900– 7 April 1979) was a German writer.
Apitz was born in
Leipzigas the twelfth child of a washer woman. He attended school until he was fourteen, then started training as a printer. During the First World Warhe was a passionate supporter of German Communist Party leader Karl Liebknecht. At 17, he made a speech in front of striking factory workers that resulted in his being sentenced to twenty-nine months in prison. In 1919 he joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany(SPD) and in 1927, the more radical Communist Party of Germany(KPD). He took active part in the German November Revolution of 1918 and the Kapp Putschof 1920. During the latter he published his first poems and short stories in Communist newspapers. He wrote his first play in 1924 and was later repeatedly imprisoned under Nazi rule in various concentration camps for spreading socialistic anti-war propaganda and being an active member of the Communist Party. From 1937 to 1945 he was an inmate of the Buchenwald concentration campnear Weimar. It was this stay that became the basis for his most famous novel, "Nackt unter Wölfen" (Naked Among the Wolves).
After 1945 he worked for the East German state film company
Deutsche Film-Aktiengesellschaftand as a radio play author. He was one of the founding members of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany(SED), which became the dominant party in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Apitz was a member of the Academy of Arts and the PEN-Clubs of the GDR. His novel "Nackt unter Wölfen" was first published in 1958 and has been translated into over thirty languages, winning him worldwide recognition.
Bruno Apitz’s home town,
Leipzig, named him a Citizen of Honour in 1976. He died on 17 April 1979 in Berlin.
* "Der Mensch im Nacken", 1924
* "Nackt unter Wölfen", 1958
* "Der Regenbogen", 1976
* "Schwellenbrand. Autobiografischer Roman", Berlin 1984
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