- Rural community development
Rural community development encompasses a range of approaches and activities that aim to improve the welfare and livelihoods of people living in rural areas. As a branch of
community development, these approaches pay attention to social issuesparticularly community organizing. This is in contrast to other forms of rural development that focus on public works(e.g. rural roads and electrification) and technology(e.g. tools and techniques for improving agricultural production).
Rural community development is important in
developing countrieswhere a large part of the population is engaged in farming. Consequently, a range of community development methods have been created and used by organisations involved in international development. Most of these efforts to promote rural community development are led by 'experts' from outside the community such as government officials, staff of Non-governmental organizationsand foreign advisers. This has led to a long debate about the issue of participation, in which questions have been raised about the sustainabilityof these efforts and the extent to which rural people are - or are not – being empowered to make decisions for themselves.
Rural Community Development in the United Kingdom
In the UK rural community development is seen as very important. Rural areas are often some of the most deprived in the country.
Rural Community Councils around the country support local rural communities in securing sustainable futures. The local rural communities are supported by experienced community development workers.
Rural Community Development in the United States
In the United States, rural community development is an essential tool in keeping rural areas economically viable in a very competitive global arena. Under the
United States Department of Agriculture, this is addressed through the, Rural Development mission area comprised of the Rural Housing Service, Rural Utilities Service, and Rural Business-Cooperative Service. Research and data sources for rural areas of the United States is also addressed by the United States Department of Agriculturethrough the Economic Research Serviceand the National Agricultural Library’s Rural Information Center.
Part of the
United States Department of Commerce, the Economic Development Administration(EDA) is tasked within it’s mission “to generate jobs, help retain existing jobs, and stimulate industrial and commercial growth in economically distressed areas of the United States. EDA assistance is available to rural and urban areas of the Nation experiencing high unemployment, low income, or other severe economic distress.”
There are four Regional Rural Development Centers in the United States that coordinate “rural development research and extension (education) programs cooperatively with the land-grant institutions regionally and nationally. The Centers support and strengthen individual state efforts in rural areas by developing networks of university research and extension faculty from a variety of disciplines to address rural issues.”
Economic Development Administration
Rural Community Councils
# [http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/TOPIC_SERIES_IFAS_Community_Development University of Florida Community Development Series]
# [http://www.eda.gov/AboutEDA/Mission.xml Mission] Economic Development Administration.
# [http://www.ag.iastate.edu/centers/rdev/centeract.html Center Activities] North Central Regional Center for Rural Development.
* [http://www.acre.org.uk/ ACRE - the network for Rural Community Councils in the UK]
* [http://www.cfra.org/ Center for Rural Affairs]
* [http://www.essexrcc.org.uk/ Rural Community Council of Essex]
* [http://ric.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?info_center=5&tax_level=1&tax_subject=211 Rural Information Center's Community Development Resources]
* [http://www.ncrcrd.iastate.edu/ North Central Rural Development Center]
* [http://www.nercrd.psu.edu/ Northeast Rural Development Center]
* [http://srdc.msstate.edu/ Southern Rural Development Center]
* [http://extension.usu.edu/WRDC/ Western Rural Development Center]
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