Caspian red deer

Caspian red deer
Caspian Red Deer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
Species: C. elaphus
Subspecies: C. e. maral
Trinomial name
Cervus elaphus maral
Gray, 1850

The Caspian Red Deer, (Cervus elaphus maral) (Armenian: Մարալ), (Azerbaijani: Maral) is the easternmost subspecies of Red deer that is native to areas between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea such as Crimea, Asia Minor, the Caucasus Mountains region bordering Europe and Asia, and along the Caspian Sea region in Iran. This animal is sometimes referred to as Maral or Noble deer.


This large heavily built deer has a dark slaty-gray coat with a bright yellow rump patch in winter. But color is reddish in summer. The thighs, shoulders, and underparts are black or dark brown. This deer shows both the characteristics of a typical red deer and the wapiti. Male deer roar in a fashion similar to other European red deer and have five pronged antlers with cups and may rival Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervus canadensis canadensis) in size. These deer are similar to wapitis in having large bez (second) tines and a large rump-patch.


This deer is found in the lands between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea such as Asia Minor, Crimea, the Caucasus Region and in northwestern Iran.

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