Bottoms Reservoir (Derbyshire)

Bottoms Reservoir (Derbyshire)

Infobox lake
lake_name = Bottoms Reservoir
image_lake = Longdendale4654.jpg
caption_lake = (March 2008)
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location = North Derbyshire, England
coords = coord|53|28|N|1|58|W|region:GB_type:waterbody_source:GNS-enwiki|display=inline,title
type = reservoir
inflow =
outflow =
catchment =
basin_countries = United Kingdom
length =
width =
area = 50 acres
depth = 48 ft
max-depth =
volume = 407000000 galls
residence_time =
shore =
elevation = 486 ft
islands =
cities =

Bottoms reservoir is a man-made lake in Longdendale in north Derbyshire, England. It was constructed between 1865 and 1877 as part of the Longdendale chain to supply water from the River Etherow to the urban areas of Greater Manchester. [ [http://www.peakdistrict-education.gov.uk/Fact%20Sheets/fz21lgd1.htm The Peak District National Park - Fact Zone 21. Longdendale in the National Park ] ] The upper reservoirs supplied the drinking water, while Bottoms and Vale House reservoirs regulated the flow downstream for the benefit of local water-powered mills. [ [http://www.longdendale.com/history_tintwistle.html Tintwistle - history ] ]

to the Godley covered reservoir, Valehouse and Bottoms cannot contribute because they are too low. Citation | last =Quayle | first = Tom| author-link = | last2 = | first2 = | author2-link = | title = Manchester's Water: The reservoirs in the hills| place= | publisher =Tempus Publishing | year = 2006| location = Stroud, Gloucestershire| volume = | edition = | url = | doi = | id = | isbn =0 7524 3198 6 ]

In 1877 turbines were introduced at Bottoms to produce electricity that powered the company offices and the works electric train. This operated for 28 years.

In 1998 remedial safety work was done. The clay core and crest was raised by 2.5m, and a dry metalled track constructed on the crest. The bywash channel bridge was replaced to give greater clearance, and the stonework of the bywash channel and the tumbling bay was repointed.

References


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