- Leyland, Lancashire
infobox UK place
country = England
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= South Ribble
postcode_district = PR25, PR26
os_grid_reference= SD549232 Leyland is a town in the South Ribble borough of
Lancashire, England. Lying approximately six miles (10 km) south of the city of Preston, Leyland has a population of around 40,000.Fact|date=February 2007
Geography and administration
Divisions and suburbs
* Leyland Town Centre
* Broadfield - between Leyland and Moss Side
* Moss Side - west of Leyland
* "Wade Hall" - a large council
housing estatesituated in south Leyland. It can be traced back to the 1960's when the South RibbleBorough Council required more homes for the working class citizens as well as 'overspill' population from other towns in Lancashire.
* Earnshaw Bridge - an area on the northern outskirts of Leyland, north of Broadfield and north-west of the town centre
* Seven Stars
* Golden Hill
* Turpin Green
It is unclear if Leyland means "flat" or "untilled land".
The town is famous primarily for the bus and truck manufacturer
Leyland Motors, which between the 1950s and 1970s expanded and grew to own several British motor manufacturers, including BMC, Standard-Triumph, and Rover, culminating in the massive British Leyland(BL).
Although BL was progressively broken up in the 1980s, a series of mergers and buy-outs has seen the truck-making side of the firm survive and the truck building industry is still a primary employer in the town. In 1998 the American firm
PACCARtook control of Leyland Trucks, and moved production of Foden(a brand already owned by the company) to Leyland from its original base in Sandbachin Cheshire.
Leyland is also home to one of the UK's leading maintenance and utility companies, Enterprise Plc, also one of the leading employers in the town.
Leyland was part of the
Central LancashireNew Town designated in 1970, along with Chorleyand Preston. Leyland railway stationis on the West Coast Main Line, the very placement of which moved the civic centre of the town briefly, including Leyland Police Stationand a marker adjacent to the old Leyland Motors Spurrier works declares the halfway point on the railway journey between Glasgowand London, some 198 miles in either direction. John Fishwick & Sonserve the town's public transport needs. They also connect the town to Chorleyand Preston.
Notable features include
St Andrew's Parish Church[http://www.standrewsleyland.org.uk] , built around 1200 and a stone cross thought to date back to Saxon times.
Leyland has undergone a series of redevelopments, with a series of retailers moving into the area, on both sides of the town. This has seen the demolition of old factories, and their replacement by retail facilities. For example, the old BTR Factory was knocked down to make way for attractive new studio apartments and housing in 2004, with a
Morrisonsstore, Homebaseand Argos added in June 2006.
Leyland town centre is to undergo a major redevelopment under the Renewal4 programme [http://www.southribble.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=300553] which will include pedestrian friendly open squares, new street furniture including a fountain, the reduction of traffic on Hough Lane and closures of several streets.
Leyland Bandhave also recently relocated to the town, after several years in various other rehearsal locations, and now have a permanent home in Farington Business Park.
chools and colleges
The Wade Hall estate (Formerly Spring Gardens), is home to St. Mary's Catholic Technical College which currently stands at 20th place in the Lancashire GCSE league table and has the highest GCSE scores in Leyland. Balshaw's Church of England High School is situated to the east of the town centre and ranked at 5th place in the Lancashire GCSE league table (BBC Online, 2006a).
To the east of
Worden Parkis Runshaw College, currently ranked at 7th place in the Lancashire A/AS Level league table (BBC Online 2006b). The college also received the best Ofsted report for any further education college in the UKin 2005.
Industry and economics
Economically, Leyland is comparable with many other West Lancashire towns of its size such as
Southport, Lytham St Annes, Ormskirkand Hesketh Bankbut the rate of change Leyland is experiencing at the moment suggests that Leyland will become wealthier than Ormskirkin the year 2010, although it still falls far behind its neighbour Chorleyaccording to research undertaken by Runshaw College. Schwan Food Companyhas had its UK base on the Moss Side Industrial Estate near the former Leyland Trucks vehicle test track, known as Schwan's Consumer Brands, since 1989, where it makes the "Chicago Town" brand of frozen food for distribution throughout Europe, employing around 350 people.
Leyland Motors Ltd
Leyland police station
Leyland railway station
*BBC Online (2006a) [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/888_gcse_lea.stm "Schools in Lancashire"] , EducationLeague Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 27 June 2007]
*BBC Online (2006b) [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/05/school_tables/secondary_schools/html/888_alevel_lea.stm "Institutions in Lancashire"] , EducationLeague Tables, 19 January 2006 [accessed 4 May 2007]
* Hunt, D., (1990), "The History of Leyland and District", Carnegie Press, ISBN 0-948789-48-4
* Hunt, D. and Waring, W. (1995), "The Archive Photograph Series: Leyland", Chalford Publishing Company, ISBN 0752403486
* Smith, J., (2003), "Then and Now: Leyland", Tempus Publishing, ISBN 0-7524-2672-9
* South Ribble Borough Council - [http://www.southribble.gov.uk/section.asp?catid=300553 "Leyland Town Centre Masterplan"] [accessed 23 April 2008]
Dj Baby Boo(HTID) (1987) Leyland
* [http://www.southribble.gov.uk South Ribble Borough Council]
* [http://www.leylandtown.info Leyland Lancashire - A Community website]
* [http://www.leylandonline.com/ Leyland Online - Community news and information]
* [http://www.leylandproject.com The Leyland Project, Community support on the Wade Hall Estate]
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