- Kumamoto, Kumamoto
Infobox City Japan
Name= Kumamoto City
August 1, 2007
Mayor= Seishi Kōyama
CityHallAddress= 1-1 Tetorisai-machi, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto-ken
CityHallLink= [http://www.city.kumamoto.kumamoto.jp/ Kumamoto City] nihongo|Kumamoto|熊本市|Kumamoto-shi is the capital city of
Kumamoto Prefectureon the islandof Kyūshū, Japan. Greater Kumamoto () has a population of 1,460,000, as of the 2000 Census. It is never considered part of the Fukuoka-Kitakyushumetropolitan area despite both bordering each other.
Kato Kiyomasa, a contemporary of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was made daimyoof half of the (old) administrative region of Higoin 1588. After that, Kiyomasa built Kumamoto Castle. Due to its many innovative defensive designs, Kumamoto Castle was considered impregnable, and Kiyomasa enjoyed a reputation as one of the finest castle-builders in Japanese history. After Kiyomasa died in 1611, his son, Tadahiro, succeeded him, but Tadahiro was removed by Tokugawa Ieyasuin 1633, replacing him with the Hosokawa clan. Former Prime Minister of Japan Hosokawa Morihirois a direct descendant of the Hosokawa clan of Kumamoto. Another famous politician, former president of Peru Alberto Fujimori, also has roots in Kumamoto; Fujimori's ancestors emigrated from Kumamoto early in the 20th century.
The city's most famous landmark is
Kumamoto Castle, a large and, in its day, extremely well-fortified Japanese castle. The " donjon" (castle central keep) is a concrete reconstruction built in the 1970s, but several ancillary wooden buildings remain of the original castle, which was assaulted during the Satsuma Rebellionand sacked and burned after a 53-day siege. It was during this time that the tradition of eating " basashi" (raw horsemeat) originated. "Basashi" remains popular in Kumamoto and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in Japan, though these days it is usually considered a delicacy.
Within the outer walls of Kumamoto Castle is the Hosokawa Gyobu-tei, the former residence of the Higo "
daimyo". This traditional wooden mansion has a fine Japanese gardenlocated on its grounds. Miyamoto Musashilived the last part of his life in Kumamoto. His tomb and the cave where he resided during his final years (known as Reigando, or "spirit rock cave")is situated close by. He penned the famous Go Rin No Sho (Book of Five Rings) whilst living here.
Kumamoto is also home to Suizenji-Jōjuen, a formal garden neighboring Suizenji Temple approximately 3 kilometers southeast of Kumamoto Castle. Suizenji Park is considered to be one of the most beautiful gardens in Japan, together with
Kenroku-enin the city of Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Kairaku-enin Ibaraki Prefectureand Koraku-enin Okayama Prefecture.
The current administrative body of the "City of Kumamoto" was founded on
April 1, 1889.
Local public transport is provided by the
Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau. Kumamoto Airportis located in nearby Mashiki.
Roasso Kumamotorepresents the city in J. Leagueprofessional football. They play at KKWing Stadium.
Kumamoto Gakuen University
Kyushu Lutheran College
Hilltop International School
Kumamoto prefectural University
* San Antonio,
Kumamoto En, USA[http://www.japanesegardening.org/kumamotoen/index.html]
Bristol, United Kingdom
* [http://www.city.kumamoto.kumamoto.jp/menu-e.html Official site of Kumamoto city]
* [http://www.kumagaku.ac.jp Kumamoto Gakuen University]
* [http://www2.kumagaku.ac.jp/teacher/~masden/links.html Kumamoto Links]
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