- Super League (Australia)
:"This article details the year of rugby league run by Super League (Australia). For information regarding its controversial background see
Super League war"
uper League competitions
The Telstra Cup was a ten team competition held over eighteen rounds. The season was dominated by the minor premiers, the
Brisbane Broncos, who won 14 of their 18 matches, losing only to the Penrith Panthers, the Hunter Mariners and eventual runners-up, the Cronulla Sharks. The Grand Final was played at Brisbane's ANZ Stadium in front of 58,912 people, the ground record for that venue. The Broncos defeated the Sharks 26-8 to win their third premiership. The Auckland Warriorshad teams in both the Reserve grade and two age-group Grand Finals but lost all three.
The winners in all grades were:
* First Grade: Brisbane Broncos
* Reserve Grade: Canterbury Bulldogs
* Under-19s: Penrith Panthers
* Under-17s: Brisbane Broncos
The Super League Tri-series was contested by New South Wales, New Zealand and Queensland. Each team played the others once, with the best two teams playing a final. New South Wales defeated Queensland 23-22 in the final at ANZ Stadium
In 1997 the Super League Australia select team played two games against New Zealand, winning the inaugural
ANZAC Testand losing the return match. Australia also won a three game series against Great Britain by two games to one. Although these matches are considered to be Tests by the New Zealand Rugby Leagueand the European Rugby Football League, they are not recognised by the Australian Rugby League.
As News had signed up most rugby league organisations outside of Australia, the ARL was starved of international competition. They had intended playing a team of players with New Zealand heritage but the New Zealand Rugby League took out an injunction in the Federal Court preventing the ARL from using the terms "Test", "Representative Team", "New Zealand" or "All Golds". [http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/cth/federal_ct/unrep8552.html] The ARL instead played Tests against rebel teams from Papua New Guinea and Fiji, as well as defeating a Rest of the World team in July 1997.
The Oceania Cup was run by Super League in place of the Pacific Cup. It was contested by Cook Islands, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand Māori, New Zealand XIII and Papua New Guinea. New Zealand XIII defeated New Zealand Maori 20-15 in the final.
World Club Challenge
The World Club Challenge, which had been contested occasionally since
1975, was expanded in 1997 to include all ten Australian Super League clubs competing against all twelve European clubs. The European teams were outclassed, winning only 8 of 83 matches, and suffering many heavy defeats. The competition was unpopular in Australia, and it lost $6,000,000 due to small crowds and heavy travel expenses. The Brisbane Broncoswon the final defeating the Hunter Mariners36-12 at Ericsson Stadium, Auckland.
uper League Challenge Cup
The Super League Challenge Cup competition was played between the
Australian Capital Territory, Northern Territory, South Australiaand Western Australia. The Australian Capital Territory won the competition, defeating the Northern Territory 40-14 at ANZ Stadium Brisbaneon 19 May, 1997.
In 1996 and 1997 the Gatorade Super League World Nines Comepetition was held. Nines rugby league is a faster form of the game with only nine players on the field at a time playing in shorter halves. The World Nines competition were held as an alternative to the ARL's World Sevens.
The 1996 World Nines were held in
Suva, Fijifrom February 22to February 24. The winner of this competition was New Zealand. The 1996 World Nines marked the first time that a video referee was used for a game of rugby league. The 1997 World Nines were held in Townsville, Queenslandfrom January 31to February 2. New Zealand won this competition for the second year in a row.
uper League (Europe)
Rugby Football Leaguehad signed with News Corporation, a twelve team club competition was held from 1996 in Europe.
Although Super League damaged the public perceptions and financial standing of rugby league in Australia, a number of concepts that it introduced lived on into the new millennium.
An addition to the regular Tests played between Australia and New Zealand, the ANZAC Test was introduced by Super League. There was some controversy at the time for the use of the word ANZAC, as many considered it inappropriate to compare sportspeople to soldiers. Although it was dropped from the annual schedule in the early years of the new millennium, it was revived in 2004, and is now contested each year.
Night Grand Finals
The Super League Telstra Cup
Grand Finalwas played on a Saturday night in Brisbane, whereas all NSWRL and ARL Grand Finals were traditionally played on a Saturday afternoon (until 1980), or Sunday afternoon (from 1981). From 2001the NRL has played its Grand Finals on the Sunday night in October, to coincide with a Public Holiday in New South Walesthe following day.
Although a ratings success for the
Nine Network, this scheduling continues to upset traditionalists, who believe that having the Grand Final on a Sunday afternoon allows people to better celebrate the day, particularly with a Grand Final BBQ. Some in Sydneyalso believe that holding the Grand Final at night disuades parents with young children attending. It is also very unpopular outside of New South Wales, as there is no Public Holiday in Queenslandthe following day, and the Grand Final begins late in the evening in New Zealand.
At the Super League World Nines in
1996the video referee was used for the first time. The Video referee allows an official to check the veracity of tries scored using footage from the television broadcasters. The NRL used Video Referees from its first season in 1998.
A number of rule changes were introduced in both the Super League and the ARL during the war that have been adopted by the NRL. Super League innovations include:
*Zero tackle rule (in a modified form)Fact|date=April 2008.
*Scrums packed 20 metres in from touch.
An ARL rule change for the 1997 season that was adopted by the NRL and is still in force is the popular 40/20 rule. Under this rule, attacking teams kicking the ball into touch 'on the bounce' from inside the 40 metres closest to their goal line, with the ball crossing the sideline inside the opposing team's 20 metre area, receives a scrum feed. Previously the defending team received the scrum feed.
Super League (Australia) season 1997
Super League war
Australian Rugby League
National Rugby League
Super League (Europe)
* cite book | author=Colman, Mike
title=Super League: The Inside Story
publisher=Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd
* cite book | author=Gallaway, Jack
title=The Brisbane Broncos: The Team To Beat
publisher=University of Queensland Press
* cite book | author=Jon, A. Asbjorn
title='Professional Sport and Popular Culture', in Australian Folklore 12
publisher=University of New England
* [http://www.smh.com.au/news/League/How-the-war-unfolded/2005/03/25/1111692633683.html?from=moreStories "How The War Unfolded"] , Sydney Morning Herald, March 26, 2005
* [http://www.smh.com.au/news/business/channel-nine-and-fox-extend-nrl-rights/2005/07/01/1119724803845.html "Channel Nine and Fox extend NRL rights"] , Sydney Morning Herald, July 1, 2005
* [http://www.smh.com.au/news/Business/News-plotter-used-NRL-spot-to-outbid-C7/2005/09/14/1126377368420.html "News plotter used NRL spot to outbid C7"] , Sydney Morning Herald, September 14, 2005
* [http://www.ausmall.com.au/acnarch/acnews32.htm#981030 "PBL Buys 25% of Foxtel"] , Australian Cybermalls News, October 30, 2005
* Leeming, Mark (1996) [http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/rp/1995-96/96rp23.htm "The Super League Case"] , Australian Parliamentary Library Research Paper No. 23, 1996
* [http://www.nzrl.co.nz/page/test_teams_1997.html NZRL Tests 1997 at nzrl.co.nz]
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