Sherbro people

Sherbro people

infobox ethnic group
group = The Sherbro


poptime = 201,000 [http://www.joshuaproject.net/countries.php?rog3=SL]
popplace = Bonthe District, Western Area
langs = Sherbro
rels = Christianity
related =
The Sherbro people are a native people of Sierra Leone, who speak the Sherbro language. They are also known as the Bullom people. The Sherbro are primarily found in Bonthe District, where they make up 40% of the population, and in the Western Area of Sierra Leone.

Since the Sherbro people are native people of Sierra Leone, their history dates back to pre-colonial times. In the 1920s the Sherbro people were still being ruled by chiefs and were still under their own rule. There are few ethnic Sherbros today in Sierra Leone.

The Sherbro people, like many other Sierra Leonean ethnic groups (such as the Sierra Leone Krio people), have a rich culture. The Sherbro people are primarily Christian.

History

The Sherbro were one of many ethnic groups living in Sierra Leone before the colonial era. The first interaction with Europeans came during the 1400s, when Portuguese explorers, settlers, and traders came to Sierra Leone. The two peoples eventually intermarried, forming Afro-Portuguese clans that began to trade with both European and African people and became very influential.

The English followed soon after and in the 1620s they had a number of agents trading and purchasing items in the Sherbro Country. During this time, the most powerful Afro-European bonds were established. The English traders married Sherbo princesses, and soon many multiracial Afro-English children became middlemen fostering trade between African and English people. These families included the Tuckers, Hubbards, Caulkers (Corkers), Rogerses, and Clevelands, and all had a white progenitor who had married a daughter of one of the Sherbro ruling chiefdoms. Soon these multiracial clans began expanding and establishing more powerful chiefdoms and began to trade successfully as well.

During the 18th century, however the slave trade began to dominate the Afro-English clans' trading markets. The Tuckers and Caulkers became the leading slave traders in the region and grew extremely powerful and notorious. The Hubbards, Tuckers and Caulkers hired Mende people during their trading exploits for the slave trade and even hired white people to work for them. During this time the "mulattoes" became even more powerful than the white slave traders, as they spoke both African and English languages, and sometimes mixed the two. This mixture of languages was a precursor to the Krio language of the Sierra Leone Krio people.

Afro-European dominance in Sherbro society did not diminish with colonial rule by the British, though the chiefdoms were now subject to British rule. In 1820 the Caulkers who ruled in Banana Island were forced out and their kingdom was moved to Bumpe by the British.

Relationship with the Krios

The Sherbro people generally intermarried with Krios without any objection from as far back as the 1880s. Sherbro families such as the Caulkers and Tuckers married into Krio families and vice versa. There was at one point a belief that the Sherbros were Krios; this is not true but the Krios and Sherbros did have a close relationship, and there was no ethnic tension between the Krios and Sherbros.

Notable Sherbros

*Kpana Lewis, Sherbro chief and an opponent of colonial rule
*John Karefa-Smart, Sierra Leonean politician and the former leader of the United National People's Party (UNPP)
*Hindolo Trye, current Sierra Leone's minister of Tourism and Cultural Affairs
*Patricia Kabbah, late First Lady of Sierra Leone and late wife of former President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
*John Akar, Sierra Leonean entertainer; he composed the music of the Sierra Leone's National Anthem
*Margaret Thompson Seibureh, current Paramount Chief of Bonthe District
*Paul Kpaka, Sierra Leonean football star
*Kpana Lewis (1830–1912), Sherbro Chief and opponent of colonial rule
*B. J. Tucker, an American football cornerback who plays for the San Francisco 49ers of the NFL.
*Seniora Doll, Sherbro princess during the early years of Sierra Leone
*Peter L. Tucker, Chief Executive for the Commission for Racial Equality (UK)
*Desmond Luke, former Sierra Leone ambassador to France, and Germany
*Joseph Christian Humper, a Bishop in the United Methodist Church
*Thomas Caulker, King of Bumpey
*James Corker, son of William Cleveland and an African princess, and a member of the Corker (Caulker) family
*Charles Hubbard (Marthyn Shenge), the first Sierra Leonean tennis player to beat a European player (1970s). He was the Men's Singles national champion for three consecutive years and retired undefeated. He was also the first indigenous tennis coach in Sierra Leone.

Afro-European clans

*Sherbro Hubbards
*Sherbro Tuckers
*Sherbro Caulkers
*Sherbro Rogerses
*Sherbro Clevelands

ee also

*Thomas Corker Chief Royal African agent in Sherbro country
*Seniora Doll married Thomas Corker and their descendants are the Shenge and Bonthe Caulkers

Notes

References

Adam Jones (1983). "History in Africa", Vol. 10, pp. 151-162.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sherbro — can refer to:* The Sherbro people in Sierra Leone * Sherbro Island, off the coast of Sierra Leone * Sherbro River in Sierra Leone * Short for Sherbrooke …   Wikipedia

  • Sherbro Island — Infobox City official name = Sherbro Island, Sierra Leone nickname = | subdivision type = Country subdivision type1 = Province subdivision type2 = District subdivision name = Sierra Leone subdivision name1 = Southern Province subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sherbro language — language name=Sherbro states=Sierra Leone region=coast of Sierra Leone and Sherbro Island speakers=135,000 familycolor=Niger Congo fam2=Atlantic Congo fam3=Atlantic fam4=Southern fam5=Mel fam6=Bullom Kissi fam7=Bullom fam8=Southern… …   Wikipedia

  • Sherbro Island — ▪ island, Sierra Leone       island in the Atlantic Ocean off the southwestern coast of Sierra Leone, separated from the African mainland by the Sherbro River (north) and the Sherbro Strait (east). It is 32 miles (51 km) long and up to 15 miles… …   Universalium

  • Sherbro Caulkers — The Caulkers of Sherbro are an Afro European clan of the region of Southern Sierra Leone and they ruled as chiefs in Shenge and Bonthe. lave TradeIn the 18th century the Caulkers began to get involved in the slave trade and became more powerful… …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra Leone Creole people — infobox ethnic group group = The Sierra Leone Creole poptime =339,917 5.4% of Sierra Leone s populationFamous Sierra Leoneans from the Krio ethnic group: Monty Jones, Valentine Strasser, Adelaide Casely Hayford, Andrew Juxon Smith, Herbert George …   Wikipedia

  • Temne people — ethnic group group=The Temne caption = Some notable Sierra Leoneans from the Temne ethnic group: Bai Bureh, Ernest Bai Koroma, Fatmata Turay, Ibrahim Kargbo, Mustapha Bangura, Mohamed Kamara, Umaru Bangura poptime=1,888,432 30% of Sierra Leone s… …   Wikipedia

  • Kpana Lewis — (born 1830 1912) was a Sherbro chief from Sierra Leone and an opponent of colonial rule of the British. He exercised strong influence over all Sherbro chiefs. Part of his fame rested in his pervasive use of the Poro Secret society to oppose the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gbap, Sierra Leone — Infobox Settlement official name = Gbap other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem type = blank emblem… …   Wikipedia

  • Sierra Leonean British — Infobox Ethnic group group = Sierra Leonean Britons caption = Famous Sierra Leonean Britons: Tiana Benjamin, Samuel Coleridge Taylor, Nigel Reo Coker, Curtis Davies, The Dualers poptime = est. 250,000 popplace = London, Sheffield, Liverpool,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”