- John Howe (Puritan)
:"For other people with the same name, see:
John Howe (disambiguation)."
John Howe (born
Loughborough, May 17, 1630; died London, April 2, 1705) was an English Puritantheologian. He served briefly as chaplainto Oliver Cromwell.
At the age of five he went to Ireland with his father, who had been ejected from his living by
William Laud, but returned to England in 1641 and settled with his father in Lancaster. He studied at Christ's College, Cambridge, and at Magdalen College, Oxford(B.A., 1650; M.A., 1652), where for a time he was fellow and college chaplain. At Cambridge he came under the influence of Ralph Cudworthand Henry More, from whom he probably received the Platonictinge that marks his writings. About 1654 he was appointed to the perpetual curacy of Great Torrington, Devon. In this place, according to his own statement, he was engaged in the pulpit on fast-days from nine to four, with a recess of fifteen minutes, during which the people sang. While on a visit to London in 1656 Oliver Cromwellprevailed upon him to preach at Whitehall, with the result that Howe, much against his preferences, became one of Cromwell's chaplains. Upon Richard Cromwell's retirement he returned to his former parish at Torrington. When the Act of Uniformity 1662was passed he quit his church, but remained for some time in the neighbourhood, preaching in private houses. In this period he was cited before the Bishop of Exeter, his old friend Seth Ward, who vainly urged Howe to be reordained.
In 1666 Howe accepted the Five Mile Act, but with the limiting clause, "so far as the laws of man are agreeable to the Word of God." In 1671 he became chaplain to Lord Massereene, of
Antrim Castle, Ireland. Here he was a member of the Antrim Meeting, the precursor of the Presbyterianorganization in Ireland. In 1676 he returned to London as the successor of Lazarus Seamanat Haberdashers' Hall. In 1685, on account of the greater severity shown to the dissenters, he accepted an invitation to accompany Lord Wharton to the Continent, and the year following settled at Utrecht. When James II issued his declaration for liberty of conscience in 1687 Howe returned to his old position in London. From this time till his death he took an active interest in current discussions on predestination, the Trinity, and conformity. In 1688 he headed a deputation of dissenting ministers in an address of welcome to William of Orange
Howe was conciliatory in disposition, catholic in spirit, anxious to promote Christian unity, and more than once he put his opponents in controversy to the blush by his moderation and firmness. His works, in spite of being somewhat prolix and tedious, are among the most suggestive and profound of
* The Blessedness of the Righteous (London, 1668)
* Delighting in God (1674)
* The Living Temple (2 parts, 1675-1702), his best-known book
* The Redeemer's Tears Wept over Lost Souls (1684)
* Works issued with a Life by Edmund Calamy (2 vols., 1724), and edited by J. Hunt (8 vols., 1810-22). There is also an American edition (2 vols., New York, 1869).
* H. Rogers, Life and Character of John Howe, London, reprinted 1879;
* Dictionary of National Biography, xxviii. 85-88 (where a list of scattered notices may be found).
Schaff-Herzog The editors of the online edition at [http://www.ccel.org CCEL.org] have given permission for material from articles to be used in Wikipedia.
* [http://www.ccel.org/php/disp.php?authorID=schaff&bookID=encyc05&page=381&view=thml Schaff Herzog article on John Howe]
* [http://wesley.nnu.edu/john_wesley/christian_library/vol28/CL28Part1.htm] Life of John Howe (edited) by
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/374/000103065/ NNDB article on John Howe]
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