Agricultural Gangs Act 1867

Agricultural Gangs Act 1867

The Agricultural Gangs Act 1867 (30 & 31 Vict. c. 130) was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom.

It provided regulations for the employment of women and children in agricultural gangs, and for the licensing of gang-masters.

The Act stipulated that no child under eight was permitted to be employed on an agricultural gang, that no female was to be employed on the same gang as males, and that no female was to be employed under a male gang-master unless a female gang-master was also present. Any gang-master in breach of these conditions was guilty of an offence and liable of a penalty of not more than 20"s" for each person employed, as was the occupier of the land on which the gang was employed, unless he could prove it took place without his knowledge.

The Act also required gang-masters to be licensed. These licenses were to be granted by two or more magistrates at petty sessions, on evidence that the applicant was of good character and a fit person to be licensed; they were valid for a period of six months before requiring renewal, at a fee of 1"s". Licenses were not to be granted to the keepers of public houses. A gang-master acting without a license was to incur a penalty not exceeding 20"s" per day of acting without a license.

Any conviction of a gang-master on an offence under the Act would endorse his license; on a second endorsement, the license could be withheld for up to three months. A third allowed the license to be withheld for up to two years, and a fourth prevented them from ever receiving or holding a license in the future.


*"Moore's Almanack improved: or Will's farmer's and countryman's calendar for the year 1869". Joseph Greenhill, London, 1869

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