Motorsport venue| Name = Hungaroring | Location =
Events = F1, GP2
Length_km = 4.381
Length_mi = 2.722
Turns = 16
Record_time = 1:19.068
Record_driver = flagicon|Germany
Record_team = Ferrari
Record_year = 2004The Hungaroring is a
Formula 1racing circuit in Mogyoród, near Budapest, Hungarywhere the Hungarian Grand Prixis held. In 1986cite web|title=Hungarian Grand Prix|publisher=" CNN"|url=http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2007/formula1/circuits/#Hungarian|accessdate=2008-02-24] , it became the location of the first Formula 1 Grand Prix behind the Iron Curtain. Bernie Ecclestonewanted a race in the USSR, but a Hungarian friend of his recommended Budapest. They wanted a street circuit similar to the Circuit de Monacoto be built in the Népligetcite web|title=Formula One:a way of fine-tuning an image|publisher=" International Herald Tribune"|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/2003/09/26/rrace_ed3_.php|date=2003-09-26|accessdate=2008-02-25] - Budapest's largest park - but the government decided to build a new circuit just outside the city [cite web|title=Hungaroring, Hungary|publisher=" BBC"|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/circuit_guide/4251951.stm|accessdate=2008-02-18] near a major highway. Construction works started on October 1, 1985. It was built in eight months, less time than any other Formula 1 circuit. The first race was held on March 24, 1986 in memory of János Drapál, the first Hungarian who won motorcycle Grand Prix races. According to a survey put together by the Hungarian national tourism office Mogyoród ranks third in venues visited by tourists in Hungary, following the Danube Bend-area and Lake Balaton, but before Budapestcite web|title=Formula one races draw in fewer fans in Europe|publisher="American Chamber of Commerce in Hungary"|url=http://www.amcham.hu/BusinessHungary/17-08/articles/17-08_42.asp|accessdate=2008-03-02] .
Held in the middle of a
Central European summer, it is a circuit in the Grand Prix calendar that saw its first wet race in the 2006 season. The circuit is generally dusty due to underuse throughout the season and being built on sandy soil. The track's being in a natural valley means that about 80 percent of the racetrack is visible from any point [cite web|title=Welcome|publisher="Hungaroring Sport Plc."|url=http://hungaroring.hu/en/|accessdate=2008-02-25] .
Normally an underused circuit becomes faster over the weekend as the track rubbers in; however, with the Hungaroring this generally does not happen because the track can get dusty so quickly. This is a circuit where there is often a heightened advantage to running late in qualifying.
With tight and twisting corners, some of the most exciting races in F1 history have been held here. Due to the twisty style of the circuit [cite web|title=FORMULA ONE : Think it's a joyride? Try some laps on Hungary's course|publisher="
International Herald Tribune"|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/2002/08/17/prix_ed3_.php|date=2002-08-17|accessdate=2008-02-27] overtaking is difficult in dry conditions. Nonetheless, the Hungaroring has been the scene of several memorable races such as the duels of Nelson Piquetand Ayrton Senna, Nigel Mansell's lost wheel in 1987, Mansell's win from 12th on the grid after a dramatic pass on Ayrton Sennain 1989, Damon Hill's race with an Arrowsin 1997 and maiden wins for Fernando Alonsoin 2003, Jenson Buttonin 2006 n the track's first ever wet grand prix hereFact|date=August 2008, and Heikki Kovalainenin 2008.
Hungaroring has crowned two drivers in its 20 year history: both
Nigel Mansellin 1992 and Michael Schumacherin 2001 were able to win the World Championship title at early points of the seasons. Moreover, both Hungary's Zsolt Baumgartnerand Poland's Robert Kubicamade their debut on this track as the first F1 drivers of their countries. The WilliamsF1Team also secured the Constructors' Championship at the Hungaroring in 1996.
2006 Hungarian Grand Prixwas the first wet grand prix at the Hungaroring. This saw the retirement of many drivers including championship rivals Fernando Alonsoand Michael Schumacherand gave Jenson Buttonand the reborn Honda F1team their first win. Fernando Alonso also earned his first Grand Prix victory at this in 2003, declaring it his favorite track as a result.
According to statements and interviews, drivers have different opinions on the track. While many like
Ayrton Senna, Nigel Mansell, Michael Schumacher, and Fernando Alonsoclaimed to love it, many others consider the track, and the Hungarian Grand Prix too slow, hot and demanding.The technical driving center of the Hungaroring held former racer Gerhard Berger's name from 1998 until 2005 but later it was changed to Allianz.
The track also has a curve named after
While most of the foreign fans are from
Germanyand Austria, the Hungaroring has traditionally seen a large influx of Finnish fans as well. With the loss of the Austrian Grand Prix, this is the closest Formula Oneevent for fans from other Central Europeancountries. The 2006race saw many spectators from Polanddue to the debut of their first Formula 1 driver, Robert Kubica.
Some say that the Hungaroring is similar in style to
Circuit de Monaco, due to its tight and twisty corners. A first change in the track layout was carried out in 1989, when the chicane after the actual turn 3 was removed. In 2003, the main straight (turn 1, see diagram) was lengthened by roughly convert|200|m|ft|abbr=on|sp=us, and the hairpin at the end of the straight was also tightened in an attempt to facilitate more overtaking opportunities, as well as a tightening of what was Turn 13. However, this is largely seen to have failed.The circuit is almost flat, the only notable change in elevation being a valley in the straight after Turn 3.
The Hungaroring is the home of Hungarian
motorsport. Besides Formula One, there were also DTM, FIA GT Championshipraces in its history. A public drag race event takes place every month.
* [http://www.hungaroinfo.com/formel1/index_en.htm Official Website of the Hungarian F1 Grand Prix]
* [http://www.formula1.com/news/features/2008/7/8166.html Hungaroring - the technical requirements]
* [http://www.formula1.com/news/features/2008/7/8173.html A lap of the Hungaroring with Honda’s Alex Wurz]
* [http://www.f1db.com/f1/page/Hungaroring Hungaroring Circuit History and Statistics]
* [http://www.formula1.com/races/in_detail/hungary_797/ Statistics from official F1 site]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/motorsport/formula_one/circuit_guide/4251951.stm BBC's circuit guide]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Budapest,+Hungary&hl=en&ie=UTF8&z=15&ll=47.582981,19.251523&spn=0.012245,0.043259&t=k&om=1&iwloc=addr Satellite picture by Google Maps]
* [http://www.geocities.com/ciroalbertopabon/Circuitos_eng.htm Ciro Pabón's Racetracks] 3D views and virtual laps of all F1 circuits, including this one, via Google Earth
List of Formula One circuits
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