Tamandua

Tamandua

::"for the town in Uruguay see Tamandua, Uruguay"Taxobox
name = "Tamandua"


image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Tamandua tetradactyla"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
superordo = Xenarthra
ordo = Pilosa
subordo = Vermilingua
familia = Myrmecophagidae
genus = "Tamandua"
genus_authority = Rafinesque 1815
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Tamandua tetradactyla"
"Tamandua mexicana"

Tamandua is a genus of anteaters. It has two members: the Southern Tamandua ("Tamandua tetradactyla") and the Northern Tamandua ("Tamandua mexicana"). They live in forests and grasslands, are semi-arboreal, and possess partially prehensile tails. They mainly eat ants and termites, but they occasionally eat bees. In captivity, they will eat fruits and meat. They have no teeth and depend on their powerful gizzard to break down their food.

The Northern Tamandua ranges from southeastern Mexico south throughout Central America, and in South America west of the Andes from northern Venezuela to northern Peru. Southern Tamanduas are found from Venezuela and Trinidad to northern Argentina, southern Brazil and Uruguay.

Tamanduas have thick, bristly fur, which is yellowish-white, with a broad black lateral band, covering nearly the whole of the side of the body. Northern Tamandua's have a black V going down their backs, while Southern Tamanduas only have the V in the southeastern part of their range, which is the farthest from the Northern Tamandua's range.

Besides the Tamanduas, there are two other anteaters, the Giant Anteater and the Silky Anteater. Tamanduas are much smaller than the Giant Anteater, which lives on the ground and is found in a wide range of habitats, including grasslands, deciduous forests and rainforests. The Giant Anteater eats mostly ants and termites. Tamanduas are larger than the Silky Anteater, which ranges from extreme southern Mexico to Brazil, and possibly Paraguay, and is completely arboreal. It eats mostly ants.

The word "tamanduá" is Tupi for "anteater", and in Tupi and Portuguese refers to anteaters in general. The tamandua is called in those languages "tamanduá-mirim" ("mirim" means "small").

References

* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Tamandua_mexicana.html University of Michigan - Northern Tamandua]
* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Tamandua_tetradactyla.html University of Michigan - Southern Tamandua]
* [http://animals.about.com/cs/mammals/p/southerntamandu.htm About.com]

External links

* [http://www.anteater.page.tl The TAFL approved fanlisting for Anteaters!]
* [http://www.scz.org/animalinfo.asp?aid=116 Sedgwick County Zoo]
* [http://www.ceiba.org/articles/tamandua.htm Ceiba Foundation]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tamandua — Tamandua …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tamandua — [ tamɑ̃dɥa ] n. m. • 1640; tamendoa 1603; mot tupi, par le port. ♦ Zool. Mammifère édenté du Nouveau Monde, fourmilier arboricole des forêts tropicales, à la queue préhensile. ● tamandua nom masculin (latin scientifique tamendoa, du tupi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tamandua — [tä΄män dwä′] n. [Port tamanduá < Tupí < ta (contr. of tacy, ant) + monduar, hunter] a small, tree dwelling species (Tamandua tetradactyla, family Myrmecophagidae) of edentate anteaters of tropical America, with a naked tail and large ears …   English World dictionary

  • tamandua — TAMÁNDUA s. m. animal nocturn, arboricol sau tericol, cu coada prehensilă, din America de Sud, care se hrăneşte cu furnici şi termite; furnicar american. (< fr. tamandua) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Tamandua — u. Tamanoir, Artender Gattung Ameisenfresser, s.d. 1) b) u. c) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tamandua — Tamandua, s. Ameisenfresser …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tamandua — Tamandua, s. Ameisenbär …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • tamanduá — s. m. 1.  [Zoologia] Mamífero desdentado da América do Sul que se alimenta de formigas. 2.  [Brasil] Questão moral, difícil de resolver. 3.  [Brasil] Grande peta. = CARAPETÃO   ‣ Etimologia: tupi tamandu a …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • tamandua — tamàndua ž DEFINICIJA zool. mravojed (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) iz Južne Amerike; veliki mravojed ETIMOLOGIJA port. ← tupi: hvatač mrava …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • tamanduá — (De or. guar.). m. oso hormiguero …   Diccionario de la lengua española

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