::"for the town in
Uruguaysee Tamandua, Uruguay"Taxobox
name = "Tamandua"
image_width = 240px
image_caption = "
phylum = Chordata
genus = "Tamandua"
genus_authority = Rafinesque 1815
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "
Tamandua is a
genusof anteaters. It has two members: the Southern Tamandua("Tamandua tetradactyla") and the Northern Tamandua("Tamandua mexicana"). They live in forests and grasslands, are semi- arboreal, and possess partially prehensile tails. They mainly eat ants and termites, but they occasionally eat bees. In captivity, they will eat fruits and meat. They have no teeth and depend on their powerful gizzardto break down their food.
The Northern Tamandua ranges from southeastern
Mexicosouth throughout Central America, and in South Americawest of the Andesfrom northern Venezuelato northern Peru. Southern Tamanduas are found from Venezuelaand Trinidadto northern Argentina, southern Braziland Uruguay.
Tamanduas have thick, bristly
fur, which is yellowish-white, with a broad black lateral band, covering nearly the whole of the side of the body. Northern Tamandua's have a black V going down their backs, while Southern Tamanduas only have the V in the southeastern part of their range, which is the farthest from the Northern Tamandua's range.
Besides the Tamanduas, there are two other
anteaters, the Giant Anteaterand the Silky Anteater. Tamanduas are much smaller than the Giant Anteater, which lives on the ground and is found in a wide range of habitats, including grasslands, deciduous forests and rainforests. The Giant Anteater eats mostly ants and termites. Tamanduas are larger than the Silky Anteater, which ranges from extreme southern Mexicoto Brazil, and possibly Paraguay, and is completely arboreal. It eats mostly ants.
The word "tamanduá" is
Tupifor "anteater", and in Tupi and Portuguese refers to anteaters in general. The tamandua is called in those languages "tamanduá-mirim" ("mirim" means "small").
* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Tamandua_mexicana.html University of Michigan - Northern Tamandua]
* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Tamandua_tetradactyla.html University of Michigan - Southern Tamandua]
* [http://animals.about.com/cs/mammals/p/southerntamandu.htm About.com]
* [http://www.anteater.page.tl The TAFL approved fanlisting for Anteaters!]
* [http://www.scz.org/animalinfo.asp?aid=116 Sedgwick County Zoo]
* [http://www.ceiba.org/articles/tamandua.htm Ceiba Foundation]
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