Plenarium

Plenarium

In the Roman Catholic Church, plenarium or plenarius (liber) (plural, plenaria) refers to any complete book of formulas and texts that contains all matters pertaining to one subject that might otherwise be scattered in several books. The word is from the Latin, "complete." Thus, the word appears in a work about the life of Robert Aldrich, Bishop of Carlisle (Baluze, "Miscell.", I, iii, 29) in reference to what seems to be a book of church rents (Binterim, "Denkwurdigkeiten", IV, i, 239). The entire office, or series of prayers and psalms said (or chanted) in the Roman Catholic ChurchVespers, Matins, Lauds and Mass — is called plenarium.

A complete copy of the four Gospels was called an "evangeliarium plenarium" (as distinct from a Lectionary, which contains only pericopes or selections). Under this heading is classed the "Book of Gospels" at Lichfield Cathedral and the "Book of Gospels" given by Athelstan to Christ Church in Canterbury, now in the library of Lambeth Palace (Rock, "Church of our Fathers", I, 122). Some plenaria included all the writings of the New Testament, others those parts of the scriptures that were commonly read in the Mass and bore the name "Lectionarium Plenarium" (Becker, "Catal. bibl. ant.", 1885, 28, no. 237; 68, no. 650, 659). In monasteries, the use of several books for each service created not great problem; but priests who did not make the Benedictine religious profession of "stability, conversion of manners and obedience" and who travelled from place to place on their missionary duties, found it best to carry a single book with them, and the complete missal or "Missale Plenarium" came into use among them, especially after the foundation of the mendicant orders. Early vestiges of that missal date to the ninth century, and by the eleventh or twelfth century the "Missale Plenarium" was widespread. It contained all necessary prayers for the celebration of the Mass, which until then had to be taken from different books — the "Sacramentary, Lectionary, Evangelistary, Antiphonary," and "Gradual" (Zaccaria, "Bibl. rit.", I [Rome, 1876] , 50). In Germany, plenarium denoted a popular book that gave the German translation of the Epistles and Gospels for the Sundays and festivals of the entire liturgical year, together with a short exposition and instruction. Later editions added the Introit, Gradual, and other parts of the Mass.

The last book of the kind bearing the title plenarium was printed in 1522 at Basle. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12164b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "Plenarium"] ]

References

External links

*CathEncy|title=Plenarium|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12164b.htm


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  • Plenarium — • A book of formulae and texts. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Plenarium     Plenarium     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Plenarium —   [lateinisch »vollständig«] das, s/...ri |en, im Sprachgebrauch des Mittelalters ein liturgisches Buch mit den Texten und (erläuterten) Rubriken und Formularen der Messfeier.   * * * Ple|na|ri|um, das; s, ...ien [mlat. plenarium, subst. Neutr.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Plenarium — Plenarĭum (lat.), s. Lektionarium …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Plenarium — Ein Plenar (auch Plenarium, Plural: Plenarien; von lateinisch plenus = voll, vgl. auch Plenum) ist ein liturgisches Buch, das als Sammelband für den praktischen Gebrauch möglichst vollständig Texte verbindet, die sonst in verschiedenen Kodices zu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Plenarium — Ple|na|ri|um das; s, ...ien [...i̯ən] <aus mlat. plenarium »Vollbuch«, substantiviertes Neutrum von lat. plenarius, vgl. ↑Plenar...> mittelalterliches liturgisches Buch mit den ↑Perikopen, später auch mit den [erläuterten] Formularen der… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • plenarium — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Plenar — Ein Plenar (auch Plenarium, Plural: Plenarien; von lateinisch plenus = voll, vgl. auch Plenum) ist ein liturgisches Buch, das als Sammelband für den praktischen Gebrauch möglichst vollständig Texte verbindet, die sonst in verschiedenen Kodices zu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MISSALE — liber Ecclesiasticus, in Communione Romana continens Missarum offi cium. Hunc Zacharias Pontifex Primum composuit, deinde Gregorius M. in meliorem formam redegit, eique Sacramentarii seu Libri Sacramentorum titulum imposuit, ut auctor est… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Plenary council (Catholicism) — A plenary council, in the Roman Catholic Church, is a term applied to various kinds of ecclesiastical synods, used when those summoned represent the whole number of bishops of some given territory. The word itself, derived from the Latin… …   Wikipedia

  • Plenary Council — • A canonical term applied to various kinds of ecclesiastical synods. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Plenary Council     Plenary Council      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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