Lake Miwok

Lake Miwok

infobox ethnic group
group = Lake Miwok People

caption = "Clear Lake, California,
is the homeland of the Lake Miwok"
poptime = 1770: "500"
1850: "100"
1880: "20"
popplace = California:
"Lake County"
langs = Utian:
Lake Miwok
rels = Shamanism: Kuksu:
Miwok mythology
related= Miwok
*Valley & Sierra Miwok
*Coast Miwok
*Bay Miwok

The Lake Miwok were a branch of the Miwok a Native American people of Northern California. The Lake Miwok lived in the Clear Lake basin of what is now called Lake County.


The Lake Miwok spoke their own Lake language in the Utian linguistic group. They lived by hunting and gathering, and lived in small bands without centralized political authority. They were skilled at basketry.


The original Lake Miwok people world view included Shamanism, one form this took was the Kuksu religion that was evident in Central and Northern California, which included elaborate acting and dancing ceremonies in traditional costume, an annual mourning ceremony, puberty rites of passage, shamanic intervention with the spirit world and an all-male society that met in subterranean dance rooms.Kroeber, 1907, Vol. 4 #6, sections titled "Shamanism", "Public Ceremonies", "Ceremonial Structures and Paraphernalia", and "Mythology and Beliefs".] [ [ The Kuksu Cult paraphrased from Kroeber.] ] Kuksu was shared with other indigenous ethnic groups of Central California, such as their neighbors the Lake Pomo, also Maidu, Ohlone, Esselen, and northernmost Yokuts. However Kroeber observed less "specialized cosmogony" in the Miwok, which he termed one of the "southern Kuksu-dancing groups", in comparison to the Maidu and other northern California tribes. [Kroeber, 1925, page 445. "A less specialized type of cosmogony is therefore indicated for the southern Kuksu-dancing groups. [1. If, as seems probable, the southerly Kuksu tribes (the Miwok, Costanoans, Esselen, and northernmost Yokuts) had no real society in connection with their Kuksu ceremonies, the distinctness of their mythology appears less surprising.] ".]

Traditional Narratives

In their myths, legends, tales, and histories, the Lake Miwok participated in the general cultural pattern of Central California.


Lake Miwok mythology and narratives were similar to other natives of Central and Northern California. The Lake Miwok believed in animal and human spirits, and saw the animal spirits as their ancestors. Coyote was seen as their ancestor and creator god. [Clark 1910; Gifford 1917.]

Authentic Villages

The authenticated Lake Miwok villages are: Access Genealogy.]

*"Near present-day town of Lower Lake": Kado'(?)'-yomi-pukut (at Cookman Ranch), Tu'bud or Tu'bul (on Asbill property toward Lower Lake), Tule'-yomi (2–3 miles south town).
*"Near present-day Middletown:" Laka'h-yomi (on Weldon's ranch), La'lmak-pukut (north end).
*"In Pope Valley:" Kai-yomi-pukut, TsBk-yomi-pukut or ShOkomi (3 miles below the present-day store or town).
*"In Coyote Valley:" Kala'u-yomi, Kilinyo-ke (at Eaton Ranch), Ki'tsin-pukut (at Gamble), Ole'-yomi (on the Berry place), Sha'lshal-pukut (at Ashbill), Shandk-yomi-pukut (at Asbill).
*"In Jerusalem Valley:" Wodi'daitepi.
*" Northern Clear Lake Basin:" Kawi-yomi, (perhaps originally Pomo), Tsitsa-pukut.
*"Other villages:" Tumi'stumis-pukut, 'Tsu'keliwa-pukut (At the 'new' Siegler swimming resort), Wi'lok-yomi (near the present rancheria or reservation but may have been Wappo), Yawl'-yomi-pukut ("North of Siegler swimming resort in a canyon),


The Lake Miwok were neighbors with the Pomo, Coast Miwok and Wappo people. A percentage of the Lake Miwok were coaxed circa 1800-1840 into the Spanish Missions along with their neighbors the Coast Miwok, particularly to the Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma once it was built. "The mission records show 21 baptism records exist from "Tuyeome and Oleyome indicating definite (mission) penetration by 1835 as far as the shores of Clear Lake, but not indicating wholesome conversion in that region." [Cook, 1976:175.]

The natives of Clear Lake suffered tremendous loss of life and were virtually decimated during the regional smallpox epidemic of 1837 that came from Fort Ross. [Cook, 1976, pages 17-18.]


In 1770 there about 400-500 Lake Miwok. [Cook 1976, pages 174-175, 239, says "Probably 400 is a liberal estimate", and quotes Kroeber "not in excess of 500." ] In 1848 population estimated at 200, In 1850 it dropped to 100. In 1880 and 1920 it was estimated at 20. [Cook, 1976, pages 236-245, 351; 1850-1880 was on L.L. Palmer, History of Napa and Lake Counties, 1881, p. 34-26, and "verbal communication by a Lakeport Indian."; 1920 based on Kroeber, Handbook of American Indians, page 275.]

Notable Lake Miwokans

Little documentation exists.

External links

* [ Access Genealogy: Indian Tribal records, Miwok Indian Tribe]
* [ Native Tribes, Groups, Language Families and Dialects of California in 1770] (map after Kroeber)



* [ "Access Genealogy: Indian Tribal records, Miwok Indian Tribe"] . Retrieved on 2006-08-01. Main source of "authenticated village" names and locations.
* Callaghan, Catherine. "Lake Miwok Dictionary". University of California Publications in Linguistics, Vol. 39.
* Callaghan, Catherine. 1978. "Lake Miwok", in Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 8 (California). William C. Sturtevant, and Robert F. Heizer, eds. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. ISBN 0-16-004578-9 / 0160045754, pages 264-273.
* Cook, Sherburne. "The Conflict Between the California Indian and White Civilization". Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1976. ISBN 0-520-03143-1.
* Kroeber, Alfred L. 1907. "The Religion of the Indians of California", "University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology" 4:6. Berkeley, sections titled "Shamanism", "Public Ceremonies", "Ceremonial Structures and Paraphernalia", and "Mythology and Beliefs"; available at [ Sacred Texts Online]
* Kroeber, Alfred L. 1925. "Handbook of the Indians of California". Washington, D.C: "Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin" No. 78. (Chapter 30, The Miwok); available at [ Yosemite Online Library]
* Silliman, Stephen. "Lost Laborers in Colonial California, Native Americans and the Archaeology of Rancho Petaluma". Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8165-2381-9.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lake miwok — Parlée aux  États Unis Région  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lake Miwok traditional narratives — include myths, legends, tales, and oral histories preserved by the Lake Miwok people of Clear Lake in the North Coast Range of northwestern California.Lake Miwok oral literature shows similarities to that of the Pomo and other neighboring groups… …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Miwok — noun a) A division of the Miwok people, who resided in the Clear Lake basin, California. b) The Utian (Penutian) language spoken by this people …   Wiktionary

  • Lake Miwok — ISO 639 3 Code : lmw ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Miwok people — Total population 1770: over 11,000 1910: 670 1930: 491 current: 3,500[1] Regions with significant p …   Wikipedia

  • Miwok du lac — Lake miwok Lake miwok Parlée aux  États Unis Région  Californie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miwok — House, Yosemite National Park, California, USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Miwok languages — Miwok Miw·yk Ethnicity: Miwok Geographic distribution: California, western slopes of Sierra Nevada Linguistic classification: Yok Utian …   Wikipedia

  • Miwok — Les Miwok sont un peuple qui vivait dans le nord de l actuelle Californie, à l ouest des États Unis. Le mot Miwok signifie « peuple ». On distingue trois groupes miwok : les Miwok des plaines et de l ouest de la Sierra Nevada les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miwok — Infobox Ethnic group caption = A Sierra Miwok cedar bark umuucha cabin reproduction in Yosemite Valley. [Craig D. Bates Museum Anthropology 17(2):13 (June 1993)] group = Miwok People poptime = 1770: over 11,000 1910: 670 1930: 491 popplace =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”