- The Princess and the Frog
The Princess and the Frog
Original theatrical release poster
Directed by Ron Clements
Produced by Peter Del Vecho Screenplay by Ron Clements
Story by Ron Clements
Based on The Frog Princess by
E. D. Baker
Starring Anika Noni Rose
Music by Randy Newman Editing by Jeff Draheim Studio Walt Disney Animation Studios Distributed by Walt Disney Pictures Release date(s) November 25, 2009(Los Angeles premiere)
December 11, 2009 (United States)
Running time 97 minutes Country United States Language English Budget $105 million Box office $267,045,057 (Worldwide)
The Princess and the Frog is a 2009 American animated musical family film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios, inspired in part by E. D. Baker's novel The Frog Princess, which was in turn inspired by the Grimm brothers' fairy tale "The Frog Prince". The film opened in limited release in New York and Los Angeles on November 25, 2009, and in wide release by Walt Disney Pictures on December 11, 2009. It is the 49th animated feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics line and the first of these films to be traditionally animated since 2004's Home on the Range. The film was directed by John Musker and Ron Clements, directors of The Great Mouse Detective, The Little Mermaid, Aladdin, Hercules, and Treasure Planet, with songs and score composed by Randy Newman and featuring the voices of Anika Noni Rose, Bruno Campos, Keith David, Michael-Leon Wooley, Jennifer Cody, Jim Cummings, Peter Bartlett, Jenifer Lewis, Oprah Winfrey, Terrence Howard, and John Goodman. Tiana, the main character, is Disney's first black princess.
The Princess and the Frog, which began production under the working title The Frog Princess, is an American fairy tale, a Broadway-style musical set in, and around New Orleans, Louisiana at the height of the Roaring Twenties. The film received three Academy Award nominations at the 82nd Academy Awards: one for Best Animated Feature and two for Best Original Song. It lost to Up and Crazy Heart, respectively.
Tiana is a young inhabitant of 1926 New Orleans. She has held a passion for the culinary arts since childhood, and works two jobs in order to save money and eventually open her own restaurant. Charlotte La Bouff, a débutante and childhood friend of Tiana, hires her to provide refreshments for the Mardi Gras masquerade ball being thrown by her rich daddy, Eli La Bouff. Eli, the perennial King of the Mardi Gras, seeks to welcome Prince Naveen of Maldonia, who has recently arrived, as an eligible suitor to his pampered daughter. Tiana is thrilled to finally have enough to purchase and renovate an old sugar mill into her restaurant.
The disinherited Prince Naveen, penniless and unskilled, is nevertheless intent on marrying a wealthy woman, rather than learning a trade. He and his valet Lawrence encounter Dr. Facilier, a voodoo witch doctor who convinces the pair that he can improve both their lives. Instead, Facilier transforms Naveen into a frog and gives Lawrence a voodoo charm, filled with Naveen's blood, which when worn transforms his appearance to that of Naveen's. Facilier intends for Lawrence, under the guise of Naveen, to marry Charlotte in order to gain access to her father’s fortune.
At the ball, Charlotte flirts with Lawrence as Tiana discovers she may lose the mill to a higher bidder. Tiana then meets Naveen, who, believing her to be a princess because of her costume, asks her to kiss him and break Facilier's curse. Tiana agrees, in exchange for the money needed to outbid the other buyer. However, instead of Naveen turning into a human, Tiana is turned into a frog herself. Naveen and Tiana escape to a bayou.
Lawrence later proposes to Charlotte, who happily agrees, but soon the magic in Facilier's charm wears off and Lawrence reverts to his original form. Facilier tells Lawrence they need another sample of the prince's blood in order to prolong the spell, but discovers that Lawrence had foolishly released him. Facilier turns to the voodoo gods for help, with the promise that once Lawrence marries Charlotte, he will have total control over New Orleans and will be able to offer the citizens' souls as payment. The voodoo gods give Facilier shadow demons, who are then dispatched to locate Naveen.
At the bayou, Tiana and Naveen meet Louis the Alligator, who plays a trumpet expertly, and Ray, a Cajun firefly. Louis and Ray offer to lead them to the good voodoo priestess Mama Odie, who they believe can undo the curse. Mama Odie tells the frogs that Naveen must kiss a true princess for them to become human. They determine that since Eli La Bouff is King of Mardi Gras, it follows that Charlotte is a princess. The quartet return to New Orleans in order to find Charlotte before Mardi Gras ends, at the stroke of midnight. Tiana and Naveen realize that they love each other but before they can admit their feelings, Naveen is captured and brought to Facilier.
Before Lawrence (disguised as Naveen) and Charlotte can marry, Ray helps Naveen escape and steals the charm. Ray gives the charm to Tiana in order to hold back Facilier's minions, but is killed by Facilier. Facilier then confronts Tiana and offers to make her restaurant dream come true in exchange for the charm, but she refuses and destroys it. The angered voodoo spirits claim Facilier himself as payment for his debts and drag him into hell.
Tiana and Naveen reveal their love to each other and explain the situation to Charlotte, who agrees to kiss Naveen. Unfortunately, the clock strikes midnight before she can kiss him, but the two decide they are content to live together as frogs. After a funeral is held for Ray, Tiana and Naveen are married by Mama Odie. Because of Tiana's new status as princess, they are restored back to human form after their kiss. The couple return to New Orleans to celebrate and, with Louis's help, finally buy and open the new restaurant.
Cast and characters
- Anika Noni Rose as Tiana/"Tia", a 19 year old waitress and aspiring chef. She is viewed as a smart, hard working, and independent woman. Originally, Tiana was supposed to be known as "Maddy." Mark Henn served as the supervising animator for Tiana in both human and frog form, making her one of several Disney lead female characters he has animated.
- Elizabeth Dampier voices Tiana as a child.
- Bruno Campos as Prince Naveen, the 20-year-old prince of Maldonia. Randy Haycock served as the supervising animator of Naveen in both human and frog form.
- Michael-Leon Wooley as Louis, a friendly, neurotic, trumpet-playing American alligator whose dream is to become human so he can join a jazz band. Eric Goldberg, the supervising animator of Louis and other miscellaneous characters, won the Annie Award for Character Animation in a Feature Production for his work on the film.
- Jim Cummings as Ray, a Cajun firefly who knows Mama Odie and offers to help the frogs get to her. Ray has an unrequited love for the Evening Star, which he believes is another firefly named "Evangeline" (a reference to the 19th century Longfellow poem). Mike Surrey was the supervising animator for Ray.
- Keith David as Doctor Facilier, also known as "The Shadow Man". Bruce W. Smith, supervising animator of Doctor Facilier, referred to the character as the "lovechild" of his two favorite Disney Villains: Captain Hook from Peter Pan (1953), and Cruella De Vil from One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961). Smith was nominated for the Annie Award for Character Animation in a Feature Production for his work.
- Jennifer Cody as Charlotte "Lottie" La Bouff, a southern débutante and Tiana's childhood friend. Nik Ranieri served as the supervising animator of Charlotte as an adult and child. Jennifer Cody won the Annie Award for Voice Acting in a Feature Production for her performance.
- Breanna Brooks voices Charlotte as a child.
- Jenifer Lewis as Mama Odie, a blind voodoo priestess who serves as the film's Fairy Godmother. Andreas Deja was the supervising animator for both Mama Odie and her pet snake, Juju and was nominated for the Annie Award for Character Animation in a Feature Production.
- Peter Bartlett as Lawrence, Prince Naveen's valet, whom Dr. Facilier recruits as a partner in his scheme by transforming him to look like Naveen using a blood charm. Anthony DeRosa was the supervising animator for the Lawrence character, whose design was informed by the Mr. Smee character from Peter Pan.
- John Goodman as Eli "Big Daddy" La Bouff, a wealthy Southern sugar mill owner and father of Charlotte La Bouff. Duncan Marjoribanks was the supervising animator for "Big Daddy" La Bouff.
- Oprah Winfrey as Eudora, Tiana's mother. Ruben Aquino animated both Eudora and her husband, James.
- Terrence Howard as James, Tiana's father, who helped instill a strong work ethic in Tiana. He was killed in World War I.
Disney had once announced that 2004's Home on the Range would be their feature animation studio's last traditionally animated production. After the company's acquisition of Pixar in early 2006, Ed Catmull and John Lasseter, the new president and chief creative officer of Disney Animation Studios, reversed this decision and reinstated hand-drawn animation at the studio. Many animators who had either been laid off or had left the studio when the traditional animation units were dissolved in 2003 were located and re-hired for the project.
The Princess and the Frog was originally announced as The Frog Princess in July 2006, and early concepts and songs were presented to the public at the Walt Disney Company's annual shareholders' meeting in March 2007. These announcements drew criticism from African-American media outlets, due to elements of the Frog Princess story, characters, and settings considered distasteful. African-American critics disapproved of the original name for the heroine, "Maddy", feeling it sounded too close to the derogatory term "mammy". Also protested were Maddy's original career as a chambermaid, the choice to have the black heroine's love interest be a non-black prince, and the use of a black male voodoo witchdoctor as the film's villain. The Frog Princess title was also thought by critics to be a slur on French people.
Also questioned was the film's setting of New Orleans, which had been heavily damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, resulting in the expulsion of a large number of mostly black residents. Critics claimed the choice of New Orleans as the setting for a Disney film with a black heroine was an affront to the Katrina victims' plight; Clements and Musker stated that they chose New Orleans as a tribute to the history of the city, for its "magical" qualities, and because it was executive producer John Lasseter's favorite city.
In response to these early criticisms, the film's title was changed in May 2007 from The Frog Princess to The Princess and the Frog. The name "Maddy" was changed to "Tiana", and the character's occupation was altered from chambermaid to waitress. Popular black talk show host Oprah Winfrey was hired as a technical consultant for the film, leading to her taking a voice acting role in the film as Tiana's mother Eudora.
The Princess and the Frog was directed and co-written by Ron Clements and John Musker, whose earlier works included The Little Mermaid (1989), Aladdin (1992), Hercules (1997), and Treasure Planet (2002). The story for the film began development by merging two separate projects in development at Disney and Pixar at the time, both based around the "Frog Prince" fairy tale. One of the projects was based on E. D. Baker's The Frog Princess, in which the story's heroine (Princess Emma) kisses a prince turned frog (Prince Eadric), only to become a frog herself. The Princess and the Frog returns to the musical film format used in many of the previously successful Disney animated films. John Lasseter personally asked Clements and Musker, who had left the company in 2005, to return to Disney to direct and write the film, and had let them choose the style of animation (traditional or CGI) they wanted to use.
On December 1, 2006, a detailed casting call was announced for the film at the Manhattan Theatre Source forum. The casting call states the film as being an American fairy tale musical set in New Orleans during the 1920s Jazz Age, and provides a detailed list of the film's major characters.
In February 2007, it was reported that Dreamgirls actresses Jennifer Hudson and Anika Noni Rose were top contenders for the voice of Tiana, and that Alicia Keys directly contacted Walt Disney Studios chairman Dick Cook about voicing the role. It was later reported that Tyra Banks was considered for the role as well. By April 2007, it was confirmed that Rose would be voicing Tiana. Three months later, it was reported that Keith David would be doing the voice of Dr. Facilier, the villain of the film.
Toon Boom Animation's Toon Boom Harmony software was used as the main software package for the production of the film, as the CAPS (Computer Animation Production System) system Disney developed with Pixar in the 1980s for use on their previous traditionally animated films had become outdated. The Harmony software was augmented with a number of plug-ins to provide CAPS-like effects such as shading on cheeks and smoke effects. The reinstated traditional unit's first production, a 2007 Goofy cartoon short entitled How to Hook Up Your Home Theater, was partly animated without paper by using Harmony and Wacom Cintiq pressure-sensitive tablets. The character animators found some difficulty with this approach, and decided to use traditional paper and pencil drawings, which were then scanned into the computer systems, for The Princess and the Frog.
The one exception to the new Toon Boom Harmony pipeline was the "Almost There" dream sequence, which utilized an Art Deco graphic style based on the art of Harlem Renaissance painter Aaron Douglas. Supervised by Eric Goldberg and designed by Sue Nichols, the "Almost There" sequence's character animation was done on paper without going through the clean-up animation department, and scanned directly into Photoshop. The artwork was then enhanced to affect the appearance of painted strokes and fills, and combined with backgrounds, using Adobe After Effects.
The visual effects and backgrounds for the film were created digitally using Cintiq tablet displays. Marlon West, one of Disney's veteran animation visual effects supervisors, says about the production; "Those guys had this bright idea to bring back hand-drawn animation, but everything had to be started again from the ground up. One of the first things we did was focus on producing shorts, to help us re-introduce the 2D pipeline. I worked as vfx supervisor on the Goofy short, How to Hook Up Your Home Theater. It was a real plus for the effects department, so we went paperless for The Princess and the Frog." The backgrounds were painted digitally using Adobe Photoshop, and many of the architectural elements were based upon 3D models built in Autodesk Maya.
The former trend in Disney's hand-drawn features where the characters and cinematography were influenced by a CGI-look has been abandoned. Andreas Deja, a veteran Disney animator who supervised the character of Mama Odie in Princess and the Frog, says "I always thought that maybe we should distinguish ourselves to go back to what 2D is good at, which is focusing on what the line can do rather than volume, which is a CG kind of thing. So we are doing less extravagant Treasure Planet kind of treatments. You have to create a world but [we're doing it more simply]. What we're trying to do with Princess and the Frog is hook up with things that the old guys did earlier. It's not going to be graphic...". Deja also mentions that Lasseter was aiming for the Disney sculptural and dimensional look of the 1950s: "All those things that were non-graphic, which means go easy on the straight lines and have one volume flow into the other – an organic feel to the drawing." Lasseter also felt that traditional animation created more character believability. For example, with Louis the alligator, created by Eric Goldberg, Lasseter said: "It's the believability of this large character being able to move around quite like that."
Clements and Musker had agreed from very early on that the style they were aiming for was primarily that of Disney's Lady and the Tramp (1955), a film which they and John Lasseter feel represents "the pinnacle of Disney's style". "After that, everything started becoming more stylized, like 'Sleeping Beauty,' '101 Dalmatians' – which are fantastic films as well, but there's a particular style (to 'Lady and the Tramp') that's so classically Disney." Lady and the Tramp also heavily informed the style of the New Orleans scenes, while Disney's Bambi (1942) served as the template for the bayou scenes. Much of the clean-up animation, digital ink-and-paint, and compositing were outsourced to third party companies in Orlando, Florida (Premise Entertainment), Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Yowza! Animation), and Brooklin, São Paulo, Brazil (HGN Produções)
During Disney's 2007 shareholder meeting, Randy Newman and the Dirty Dozen Brass Band performed the film's opening number, "Down in New Orleans", while slides of pre-production art from the film played on a screen. Other songs in the film include "Almost There" (a solo for Tiana), "Dig a Little Deeper" (a song for Mama Odie), "When We're Human" (a song for Louis, Tiana and Naveen [as frogs]), "Friends on the Other Side" (a solo for Doctor Facilier), and "Gonna Take You There" and "Ma Belle Evangeline" (two solos for Ray). Newman composed, arranged, and conducted the music for the film, a mixture of jazz, zydeco, blues, and gospel styles performed by the voice cast members for the respective characters while R&B singer/songwriter Ne-Yo wrote and performed the end title song "Never Knew I Needed", an R&B love song referring to the romance between the film's two main characters, Tiana and Naveen. Supported by a music video by Melina, "Never Knew I Needed" was issued to radio outlets as a commercial single from the Princess and the Frog soundtrack.
The film's soundtrack album, The Princess and the Frog: Original Songs and Score, contains the ten original songs from the film and seven instrumental pieces. The soundtrack was released on November 23, 2009, the day before the limited release of the film in New York and Los Angeles.
The Princess and the Frog was supported by a wide array of merchandise leading up to and following the film's release. Although Disney's main marketing push was not set to begin until November 2009, positive word-of-mouth promotion created demand for merchandise well in advance of the film. Princess Tiana costumes were selling out prior to Halloween 2009, and a gift set of Tiana-themed hair care products from Carol's Daughter sold out in seven hours on the company's website. Other planned merchandise includes a cookbook for children and even a wedding gown. Princess Tiana was also featured a few months before the release in the Disney on Ice: Let's Celebrate! show. The film itself was promoted through advertisements, including one from GEICO where Naveen, as a frog, converses with the company's gecko mascot.
A live parade and show called Tiana's Showboat Jubilee! premiered on October 26, 2009 at the Magic Kingdom theme park at Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, and on November 5 at Disneyland Park. In Disneyland Park, actors in New Orleans Square parading to the Rivers of America and boarding the park's steamboat. From there, the cast, starring Princess Tiana, Prince Naveen, Louis the alligator, and Doctor Facilier, would sing songs from the movie, following a short storyline taking place after the events of the film. The Disneyland version's actors actually partook in singing, while the Walt Disney World rendition incorporated lip-syncing.
Tiana's Showboat Jubilee! ran at both parks until January 3, 2010. At Disneyland Park, the show was replaced by a land-based event called Princess Tiana's Mardi Gras Celebration, which features Princess Tiana along with five of the original presentation's "Mardi Gras dancers" and the park's "Jambalaya Jazz Band" as they perform songs from the movie. "Tiana's Mardi Gras Celebration" officially ended on October 3, 2010. Tiana also appears in Disneyland Paris' New Generation Festival. Some of the characters appear frequently during World of Color, the nightly fountain and projection show presented at Disney California Adventure. Disney announced on June 4, 2009, that they would release a video game inspired by the film and it was released on November 2009 exclusively for Wii and Nintendo DS platforms. It has been officially described an "adventure through the exciting world of New Orleans in a family-oriented video game," featuring events from the film and challenges for Princess Tiana.
The film premiered in theaters with a limited run in New York and Los Angeles beginning on November 25, 2009, followed by wide release on December 11, 2009. The film was originally set for release on Christmas Day 2009, but its release date was changed due to a competing family film, Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel, scheduled for release the same day.
On its limited day release, the film grossed $263,890 at two theaters and grossed $786,190 its opening weekend. On its opening day in wide release, the film grossed $7,020,000 at 3,434 theaters. It went on to gross $24,208,916 over the opening weekend averaging $7,050 per theater, marking it the highest-grossing start to date for an animated movie in December. The film went on to gross $104,400,899 (in the United States and Canada) and $267,045,756 (worldwide). While the film did outgross Disney's more recent hand-drawn films such as Brother Bear, Atlantis: The Lost Empire, and Home on the Range, it was less auspicious than the animated movies from Walt Disney Animation Studios' 1990s heyday.
The Princess and the Frog was released in North America on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on March 16, 2010. The film is available in DVD, Blu-ray Disc and Blu-ray Disc combo-pack editions; the combo pack includes DVD and digital copies of the film, along with the Blu-ray Disc version. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in Australia on June 2, 2010 and on June 21, 2010 in the United Kingdom. As of December 2010 the movie has sold 4,475,227 copies and has made $71,327,491 in DVD sales, making it the eighth best-selling DVD of 2010.
The film has received largely positive reviews from critics. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 84% of 152 critics have given the film a positive review, with a rating average of 7.3 out of 10. Among Rotten Tomatoes' "Top Critics", which consists of popular and notable critics from the top newspapers, websites, television and radio programs, the film holds an overall approval rating of 81%, based on a sample of 32 reviews. The site's general consensus is that "The warmth of traditional Disney animation makes this occasionally lightweight fairy-tale update a lively and captivating confection for the holidays." Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 0–100 from film critics, has a rating score of 73 based on 29 reviews.
Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly gave the film an "A" and wrote in her review that "the creative team behind The Princess and the Frog upholds the great tradition of classic Disney animation." Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter wrote in his review that "The narrative behind The Princess and the Frog is that Walt Disney Animation has rediscovered its traditional hand-drawn animation, which has been supplanted by computer-generated cartoons." Honeycutt also praised the film for "a thing called story." David Germain of the Associated Press wrote that "Princess and the Frog isn't the second coming of Beauty and the Beast or The Lion King. It's just plain pleasant, an old-fashioned little charmer that's not straining to be the next glib animated compendium of pop-culture flotsam." Justin Chang of Variety being less receptive of the film stating "this long-anticipated throwback to a venerable house style never comes within kissing distance of the studio's former glory." Joe Neumaier of the New York Daily News gave the film 3/5 stars claimed "The Princess and the Frog breaks the color barrier for Disney princesses, but is a throwback to traditional animation and her story is a retread." Village Voice's Scott Foundas's response toward the film is that "the movie as a whole never approaches the wit, cleverness, and storytelling brio of the studio's early-1990s animation renaissance (Beauty and the Beast, The Lion King) or pretty much anything by Pixar." Betsy Sharkey of the Los Angeles Times gave the film a positive review claiming "With The Princess and the Frog they've gotten just about everything right. The dialogue is fresh-prince clever, the themes are ageless, the rhythms are riotous and the return to a primal animation style is beautifully executed." Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert, giving the film three out of four stars, highly praised the film admiring Disney's step back to traditional animation saying, "This is what classic animation once was like!" and, in his print review wrote, "No 3-D! No glasses! No extra ticket charge! No frantic frenzies of meaningless action! And...good gravy! A story! Characters! A plot!" The financial and critical success of The Princess and the Frog has persuaded Disney to greenlight at least one new hand-drawn animated feature to be released every two years.
Upon its release, the film created controversy amongst some Christians over its use of Louisiana Voodoo as a plot device. In Christianity Today's review of the film they criticized its sexual undertones, however they said that, "it's the use of voodoo that ultimately reveals the movie's hollow, thoughtless core." They argued that the scenes with Dr. Facilier and his "friends on the other side" contain many horror elements and that young children might be frightened by the film. The film's treatment of Louisiana voodoo as a type of magic instead of a religion also drew criticism from non-Christian factions.
Awards and nominations
The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and Academy Award for Best Original Song, but lost to Up and Crazy Heart, respectively. It was also nominated for eight Annie Awards and, at the 37th Annie Awards Ceremony on February 6, 2010, won three.
Award Category Nominee Result 2009 Satellite Awards Best Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media The Princess and the Frog Nominated Best Original Song Randy Newman
("Down in New Orleans")
2009 Producers Guild of America Awards Animated Theatrical Motion Pictures Peter Del Vecho 2009 Online Film Critics Society Awards Best Animated Feature The Princess and the Frog 67th Golden Globe Awards Best Animated Feature Film 2009 Chicago Film Critics Association Best Animated Feature 2009 Critics Choice Awards Best Picture Best Animated Feature Best Score Randy Newman Best Song
2009 Black Reel Awards Best Film The Princess and the Frog Best Song, Original or Adapted Ne-Yo
("Never Knew I Needed")
Anika Noni Rose
Won Anika Noni Rose
("Down in New Orleans")
Nominated Best Voice Performance Keith David Anika Noni Rose Won Best Ensemble The Princess and the Frog Nominated 37th Annie Awards Best Animated Feature Animated Effects James DeValera Mansfield Won Production Design in a Feature Production Ian Gooding Nominated Character Animation in a Feature Production Andreas Deja Eric Goldberg Won Bruce W. Smith Nominated Voice Acting in a Feature Production Jennifer Cody ("Charlotte") Won Jenifer Lewis ("Mama Odie") Nominated 82nd Academy Awards Best Animated Feature Ron Clements and John Musker Best Original Song Randy Newman ("Almost There") Randy Newman ("Down in New Orleans") 36th Saturn Awards Best Animated Film The Princess and the Frog 2010 Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie: Animated 2011 Grammy Awards Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media Randy Newman ("Down in New Orleans")
- ^ Wigler, Josh (December 14, 2009). "'The Princess And The Frog' Leaps Over The Competition At The Box Office". MTV.com. Viacom. http://www.mtv.com/movies/news/articles/1628177/story.jhtml. Retrieved January 22, 2010. "[...]cost Disney $105 million to produce[...]"
- ^ "The Princess and the Frog (2009) – Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=princessandthefrog.htm. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
- ^ "The Princess and The Frog Panel Discussion with Ron Clements & John Musker – D23 Expo.". NERDSociety. September 23, 2009. http://www.nerdsociety.com/2009/09/23/the-princess-and-the-frog-panel-discussion-featuring-ron-clements-and-john-musker-d23-expo/. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
- ^ a b c d e f g h (2009) Academy Awards press kit for The Princess and the Frog. Disney Enterprises, Inc.
- ^ "Princess and the Frog Animation Roundtable". March 15, 2010. http://comicsworthreading.com/2010/03/15/princess-and-the-frog-animation-roundtable/. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
- ^ a b "Breaking: Oprah Winfrey Joins Voice Cast Of 'The Princess and the Frog'". MTV. Viacom. September 24, 2008. http://moviesblog.mtv.com/2008/09/24/breaking-oprah-winfrey-joins-voice-cast-of-the-princess-and-the-frog/. Retrieved January 31, 2009.
- ^ ""The Princess and the Frog" Production Notes". Disney.go.com. http://disney.go.com/disneypictures/princessandthefrog/assets/pdf/about/pnf_production_1.pdf. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
- ^ a b c "Nominees and Winners". Oscar.go.com. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences & ABC, Inc.. http://oscar.go.com/nominations/nominees. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ Tucker, Neely (April 16, 2009). "A Fairy Tale Beginning: Snow White, She's Not. Among Disney's Royal Ladies, Tiana Is a Notable First.". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/04/16/AR2009041603139.html. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- ^ Noyer, Jérémie (30 January 2010). "Down in New Orleans with Princess Tiana's supervising animator, Mark Henn". DLRP Magic!. http://www.dlrpmagic.com/interviews/down-in-new-orleans-with-princess-tianas-supervising-animator-mark-henn/.
- ^ a b c d e f "37th Annual Annie Nominations". http://www.annieawards.org/consideration.html#23/. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ a b c d e f g Musker, John; Clements, Ron; and del Vecho, Peter (2010). DVD/Blu-ray Disc audio commentary for The Princess and the Frog. Walt Disney Home Entertainment.
- ^ a b Desowitz, Bill (24 November 2009). "Goldberg, Deja, and Smith talk Princess and the Frog". Animation World Network. http://www.awn.com/articles/2d/goldberg-deja-and-smith-talk-princess-and-frog/page/1%2C1.
- ^ a b c d e f Robertson, Barbara (January 2010), "The Tradition Lives On", Computer Graphics World 33 (1), http://www.cgw.com/Publications/CGW/2010/Volume-33-Issue-1-Jan-2010-/The-Tradition-Lives-On.aspx
- ^ a b "Disney Goes Traditional For "Princess"". Dark Horizons. July 27, 2006. http://www.darkhorizons.com/news06/060727d.php. Retrieved July 29, 2006.
- ^ a b c d "Leap of faith: The Princess and the Frog". The Independent (London). 2010-01-18. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/features/leap-of-faith-the-princess-and-the-frog-1870801.html. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
- ^ a b c d e f Misick, Bobbi (30 Nov 2009). "Controversy Over The Princess and the Frog". Essence.com. http://www.essence.com/entertainment/film/critics_dispute_princess_and_the_frog.php. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ a b Stephey, M.J. (09 Dec 2009). "Top 10 Disney Controversies". Time.com. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1946727_1946724,00.html.
- ^ a b "Protests Come Early to Disney's 'Princess'". IMDb. May 11, 2007. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/2007-05-11/#3.
- ^ a b Heldenfels, Rich (14 Mar 2010). "'Princess' leaps to DVD". Akron Beacon Journal. http://www.ohio.com/entertainment/87609637.html.
- ^ King, Susan (November 22, 2009). "Q & A with 'Princess and the Frog' animators". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2009/nov/22/entertainment/la-ca-princess22-2009nov22. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ Wloszczyna, Susan (May 3, 2007). "Enchanting return to 2-D". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/printedition/life/20070503/d_cover03.art.htm. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- ^ "Rhett Wickham: It's Baaack!". LaughingPlace.com. June 23, 2006. http://www.laughingplace.com/News-ID510530.asp. Retrieved June 23, 2006.
- ^ "Comic-Con Sees Stars, 2D Officially Back at Disney". AWN Headline News. July 23, 2006. http://news.awn.com/index.php?ltype=top&newsitem_no=17512. Retrieved July 29, 2006.
- ^ "Hand-Drawn Animation Returning to Disney". The Internet Movie Database. July 27, 2006. http://imdb.com/news/sb/2006-07-27/. Retrieved July 29, 2006.
- ^ "Frog Princess Casting Call". Animated-News.com. December 1, 2006. Archived from the original on January 13, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070113092506/http://www.animated-news.com/archives/00005815.html. Retrieved December 4, 2006.
- ^ "Alicia Keys into Next Movie Role". E! Planet Gossip Blog. February 5, 2007. http://www.eonline.com/gossip/planetgossip/blog/index.jsp?uuid=d21d0e39-9f0d-4b01-b81d-3989932f34ab. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- ^ "Princess Anika and the Frog". E! Online. April 20, 2007. http://www.eonline.com/gossip/planetgossip/detail/index.jsp?uuid=32acc85e-a531-4ba2-93d6-650ee3432d89. Retrieved June 1, 2007.
- ^ "Disney Crowns Its Frog Princess". E! Online. April 19, 2007. http://www.eonline.com/gossip/planetgossip/detail/index.jsp?uuid=781c7854-fddc-4433-8b02-c295bc4899f1. Retrieved April 20, 2007.
- ^ "David hops aboard 'Frog'". The Hollywood Reporter. July 5, 2007. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071001000059/http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/film/news/e3ib1ebc09603fb86d273ed37cc3efda00b. Retrieved July 5, 2007.
- ^ "It's Baaack!". LaughingPlace.com. June 23, 2006. http://www.laughingplace.com/News-ID510530.asp. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
- ^ a b c "Insights From ADAPT 2008". Animated World Network. October 8, 2008. http://www.vfxworld.com/?atype=articles&id=3787.
- ^ Fischer, Neal (13 March 2010). "Exclusive "Princess and The Frog" Virtual Roundtable with Writer-Directors; Ron Clements and John Musker". FilmMonthly.com. http://www.filmmonthly.com/interviews/exclusive_princess_and_the_frog_virtual_roundtable_with_writerdirectors_ron_clements_and_john_musker.html.
- ^ "Interview with The Princess and the Frog filmmakers from Disney". KillerReviews.com. http://www.killerreviews.com/dispinterview.php?intid=1859.
- ^ Roush, George (October 21, 2009). "Interview: Princess And The Frog Directors John Musker And Ron Clements. Plus 7 Brand New Images!". Latino Review. http://www.latinoreview.com/news/interview-princess-and-the-frog-directors-john-musker-and-ron-clements-plus-7-brand-new-images-8310. Retrieved October 30, 2009.
- ^ a b Orange, B. Alan (March 13, 2010). "John Lasseter Returns to Hand Drawn Animation with The Princess and the Frog". movieweb. http://www.movieweb.com/news/john-lasseter-returns-to-hand-drawn-animation-with-the-princess-and-the-frog. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
- ^ a b Todd Gilchrist. October 23, 2009. Interview: 'Princess and the Frog' Directors Ron Clements and John Musker. Cinematical.com. Retrieved October 30, 2009
- ^ For 'Princess and the Frog,' Disney animators go back to the drawing board
- ^ (October 14, 2009) "Ne-Yo's "Never Knew I Needed" To Be Featured Song In The New Walt Disney Pictures Animated Film "The Princess And The Frog"". YearOfTheGentleman.com [Offiical Ne-Yo Website]. The Island Def Jam Music Group.
- ^ "The Princess and the Frog Soundtrack". Walt Disney Records. November 25, 2009. http://disneymusic.disney.go.com/albums/theprincessandfrog.html. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- ^ a b c Rhone, Nedra (October 30, 2009). "Princess Tiana 'already sold out'". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. http://www.ajc.com/lifestyle/princess-tiana-already-sold-177616.html. Retrieved November 1, 2009.
- ^ "Disney On Ice Presents Let's Celebrate!". ABC7 News. ABC Inc., WLS-TV/DT Chicago, IL.. 22 January 2010. http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=resources&id=7231747. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ Geico Gecko Meets the Frog Prince. Geico Insurance. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7roCllB81U. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- ^ a b Smith, Thomas (26 October 2009). "'Tiana's Showboat Jubilee!' Launches at Walt Disney World". DisneyParks Blog. Disney Enterprises, Inc.. http://disneyparks.disney.go.com/blog/2009/10/tianas-showboat-jubilee-launches-at-walt-disney-world/. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ a b c d MacDonald, Brady (5 November 2009). "First look: 'Tiana's Showboat Jubilee' opens at Disneyland for a limited run". LATimes.com (Los Angeles Times). http://travel.latimes.com/daily-deal-blog/index.php/tianas-showboat-jubi-5768/. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ "Princess Tiana's Mardi Gras Celebration". Disneyland Park official website. Disney Enterprises, Inc.. http://disneyland.disney.go.com/disneyland/en_US/parks/entertainment/detail?name=PrincessTianasMardiGrasCelebrationEntertainmentPage. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ "Win a class trip to Disneyland Paris". Belfast Telegraph. 25 April 2010. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/sunday-life/win-a-class-trip-to-disneyland-paris-14780989.html. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ "Disney Interactive Studios Announces The Princess and the Frog Video Game Inspired by the Upcoming Walt Disney Pictures Animated Comedy Adventure Film "The Princess and the Frog"". Gamezone.com. June 4, 2009. http://www.gamezone.com/news/06_04_09_10_38AM.htm. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- ^ Peter Sciretta (June 9, 2009). "High-res Photos of Disney's The Princess and the Frog". FILM.com. http://www.slashfilm.com/2009/06/09/high-res-photos-disneys-the-princess-and-the-frog/. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- ^ Pamela McClintock, Tatiana Siegel (October 23, 2008). "Fox finesses release schedule. 'Alvin' sequel set for X-Mas, 'A-Team' to 2010". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117994572.html. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
- ^ "Daily Box Office for Wednesday, November 25, 2009". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/daily/chart/?sortdate=2009-11-25&p=.htm. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for November 27–29, 2009". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/weekend/chart/?yr=2009&wknd=48&p=.htm. Retrieved November 29, 2009.
- ^ "Daily Box Office for Friday, December 11, 2009". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/daily/chart/?sortdate=2009-12-11&p=.htm. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
- ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for December 11–13, 2009". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/weekend/chart/?yr=2009&wknd=50&p=.htm. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
- ^ The Princess and the Frog Box Office
- ^ Gray, Brandon (December 14, 2009). "Weekend Report: 'Princess and the Frog' Leaps to the Top". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=2630&p=.htm. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
- ^ a b "The Princess and the Frog". VideoETA.com. http://videoeta.com/movie.html?via=form&id=102003. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
- ^ The Princess and the Frog – DVD Sales
- ^ Top-Selling DVDs of 2010
- ^ "The Princess and the Frog". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1196003-princess_and_the_frog/. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- ^ "The Princess and the Frog (Cream of the Crop)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1196003-princess_and_the_frog/?critic=creamcrop. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- ^ "The Princess and the Frog: Reviews". Metacritic. CNET Networks. http://www.metacritic.com/film/titles/princessandthefrog. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
- ^ Schwarzbaum, Lisa (November 24, 2009). "The Princess and the Frog Movie Review". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20322455,00.html. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ^ Honeycutt, Kirk (November 24, 2009). "The Princess and the Frog – Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/film-reviews/the-princess-and-the-frog-film-review-1004047951.story. Retrieved November 27, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ Germain, David (November 24, 2009). "Review: `Princess and the Frog' is a hearty hop". Associated Press (San Francisco Chronicle). http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2009/11/24/entertainment/e055115S91.DTL. Retrieved November 27, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ Chang, Justin (November 24, 2009). "The Princess and the Frog Movie Review". Variety. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117941670.html. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ^ Neumaier, Joe (November 24, 2009). "Disney's first black princess mark the studio's return to old-style animation". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/movies/2009/11/24/2009-11-24_the_princess_and_the_frog_review_disneys_first_black_princess_marks_return_to_cl.html. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ^ Foundas, Scott (November 24, 2009). "Disney's Princess and the Frog Can't Escape the Ghetto". Village Voice. http://www.villagevoice.com/2009-11-24/film/disney-s-princess-and-the-frog-can-t-escape-the-ghetto/. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ^ Sharkey, Betsy (November 25, 2009). "Review: 'The Princess and the Frog'". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/la-et-princess25-2009nov25,0,6472123.story. Retrieved November 27, 2009.
- ^ Ebert, Roger (December 9, 2009). "The Princess and the Frog review". Chicago Sun Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20091209/REVIEWS/912099996. Retrieved December 12, 2009-12-12.
- ^ Mark I. Pinsky (2010-07-01). "What Walt Wrought". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703580904574638143338424878.html.
- ^ Annie Young Frisbie (2009-11-25). "The Princess and the Frog review". Christianity Today. http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/movies/reviews/2009/princessandfrog.html.
- ^ Maldonado, Michelle Gonzales. "# # Bad Magic: Voodoo According to Disney". Religion Dispatches. http://www.religiondispatches.org/archive/culture/2132/bad_magic%3A_voodoo_according_to_disney. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- ^ a b "Oscar nominations announced: 'Avatar,' 'Hurt Locker' lead with nine each". ew.com. 2010. http://oscar-watch.ew.com/2010/02/02/oscar-nominations-announced/. Retrieved February 2, 2010.
- ^ International Press Academy (December 2009). "2009 14th Annual Satellite Awards Nominations". PressAcademys.com. http://www.pressacademy.com/satawards/awards2009.shtml. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- ^ Rae (January 5, 2010). "Producers Guild Of America Announces Best Produced Motion Picture, Animated Motion Picture, And Documentary Motion Picture Nominations For The 2010 PGA Awards". ProducersGuild.org. http://www.producersguild.org/2010/01/05/producers-guild-of-america-announces-best-produced-motion-picture-animated-motion-picture-and-documentary-motion-picture-nominations-for-the-2010-pga-awards/. Retrieved January 7, 2010-01-07.
- ^ "Online Film Critics Society – 2009 premios OFCS Awards". OFCS.RottenTomatoes.com. January 6, 2010. http://www.43kix.com/wap/award.php?award=60&year=2009%20premios. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- ^ HFPA News (December 15, 2009). "The 67th Annual Golden Globe Awards Nominations". GoldenGlobes.org. http://www.goldenglobes.org/news/id/159. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
- ^ "2009 Winners of the 22nd Annual Chicago Film Critics Awards". ChicagoFilmCritics.org. http://www.chicagofilmcritics.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=62&Itemid=60. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- ^ "The 15th Critics' Choice Awards Nominees". BFCA.org. 2009. http://www.bfca.org/ccawards/2009.php. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
- ^ The Black Reel Awards (December 16, 2009). ""Precious" and "Princess" Top Black Reel Awards Nominations". BlackReelAwards.com. http://blackreelawards.wordpress.com/2009/12/16/precious-and-princess-top-black-reel-awards-nominations/. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
- ^ "The 36th Saturn Award Nominations". The Saturn Awards. http://www.saturnawards.org/nominations.html. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- ^ "First Wave of "Teen Choice 2010" Nominees Announced". The Futon Critic. June 14, 2010. http://www.thefutoncritic.com/news/2010/06/14/first-wave-of-teen-choice-2010-nominees-announced/20100614fox01/. Retrieved June 15, 2010.
- ^ "Winners of ‘Teen Choice 2010‘ Awards Announced; Teens Cast More Than 85 Million Votes". http://tvbythenumbers.com/2010/08/08/winners-of-teen-choice-2010-awards-announced-teens-cast-more-than-85-million-votes/59453?utm_campaign=WP-TWITTER&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitter.
- ^ "53rd Annual Grammy nominees". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118028273?refCatId=16. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- Official website
- The Princess and the Frog at AllRovi
- The Princess and the Frog at the Big Cartoon DataBase
- The Princess and the Frog at the Internet Movie Database
- The Princess and the Frog at Box Office Mojo
- The Princess and the Frog at Rotten Tomatoes
Films directed by Ron Clements and John Musker 1980s 1990s 2000sTreasure Planet (2002) · The Princess and the Frog (2009) John Lasseter DirectedFeature filmsShort films ProducedFeature filmsSpirited Away (2001) · Monsters, Inc. (2001) · Finding Nemo (2003) · Howl's Moving Castle (2004) · The Incredibles (2004) · Tales from Earthsea (2006) · Meet the Robinsons (2007) · Ratatouille (2007) · WALL-E (2008) · Bolt (2008) · Tinker Bell (2008) · Up (2009) · Ponyo (2009) · Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure (2009) · The Princess and the Frog (2009) · Toy Story 3 (2010) · Tinker Bell and the Great Fairy Rescue (2010) · Tangled (2010) · Cars 2 (2011) · Winnie the Pooh (2011) · Tinker Bell and the Pixie Hollow Games (2011) · Brave (2012) · Wreck-It Ralph (2012) · Tinker Bell: Secret of the Wings (2012) · Monsters University (2013)Short filmsLuxo Jr. (1986) · Geri's Game (1997) · For the Birds (2000) · Mike's New Car (2002) · Jack-Jack Attack (2005) · One Man Band (2006) · Lifted (2006) · Your Friend the Rat (2007) · How to Hook Up Your Home Theater (2007) · Presto (2008) · Glago's Guest (2008) · BURN-E (2008) · Super Rhino (2008) · Partly Cloudy (2009) · Dug's Special Mission (2009) · Day & Night (2010) · Hawaiian Vacation (2011) · The Ballad of Nessie (2011)Television Other Studios Main albums CompilationsLonely at the Top: The Best of Randy Newman (1987) · Guilty: 30 Years of Randy Newman (1998) · The Best of Randy Newman (2001) MusicalsRandy Newman's Faust (1995) Films scoredCold Turkey (1971) · Ragtime (1981) · The Natural (1984) · Parenthood (1989) · Awakenings (1990) · Avalon (1990) · The Paper (1994) · Maverick (1994) · Toy Story (1995) · James and the Giant Peach (1996) · Michael (1996) · Cats Don't Dance (1997) · A Bug's Life (1998) · Pleasantville (1998) · Toy Story 2 (1999) · Meet the Parents (2000) · Monsters, Inc. (2001) · Seabiscuit (2003) · Monk (TV) (2002-2009) · Meet the Fockers (2004) · Cars (2006) · Leatherheads (2008) · The Princess and the Frog (2009) · Toy Story 3 (2010) · Monsters University (2013) Songs"Mama Told Me Not to Come" · "Sail Away" · "He Gives Us All His Love" · "Simon Smith and the Amazing Dancing Bear" · "Political Science" · "You Can Leave Your Hat On" · "Louisiana 1927" · "Rednecks" · "Short People" · "Purple Rain" · "I Love L.A." · "Feels Like Home" · "We Belong Together" · "You Are the One" Related
- Anika Noni Rose as Tiana/"Tia", a 19 year old waitress and aspiring chef. She is viewed as a smart, hard working, and independent woman. Originally, Tiana was supposed to be known as "Maddy." Mark Henn served as the supervising animator for Tiana in both human and frog form, making her one of several Disney lead female characters he has animated.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.