- Football League Second Division
From 1892 until 1992, the Football League Second Division was the second highest division overall in English football.
This ended with the creation of the
FA Premier League, prior to the start of the 1992-93 season, which caused an administrative split between The Football Leagueand the teams making up the new Premiership, which had previously been Football League Division One.
From 1992-93 to the 2003-04 season, it was the second highest division of
The Football League, but the third highest division in the overall English football league system.
Complicating matters still further, The Second Division was re-branded as
Football League Onefor commercial reasons prior to the start of the 2004-05 season. However, it remains the third highest division overall in English football.
Football Allianceand "
1888, William McGregora gentleman from Perthshirewas the main force between meetings held in Londonand Manchesterinvolving 12 football clubs, with an eye to a league competition. These 12 clubs would later become the Football Leagues 12 founder members. The meetings were held in London on 22 March1888, the main concern was that an early exit in the knockout format of the FA cup could leave clubs with no matches for almost a year, not only could they suffer heavy financial losses, but fans didn't often stick around for that long without a game, when others teams were playing. Matters were finalised on the 17 Aprilin Manchester.
McGregor had voted against the name The Football League, as he was concerned that it would be associated with the
Irish Land League"A History of Football", p.22] . But this name still won by a majority vote and was selected. The competition guaranteed fixtures and members for all of its member clubs. The clubs were split equally among North and Midlands teams and Southern teams, who were still strictly amateur.
A rival English league called the
Football Allianceoperated from 1889 to 1892. In 1892 it was decided to formally merge the two leagues, and so the "Football League Second Division" was formed, consisting mostly of Football Alliance clubs. The existing League clubs, plus three of the strongest Alliance clubs, comprised the Football League First Division.
The Second Division was formed in 1892 with 12 clubs, most of which had previously played in the
Football Alliance. The original members were: Ardwick (now Manchester City), Bootle, Burton Swifts, Crewe Alexandra, Darwen, Grimsby Town, Lincoln City, Northwich Victoria, Port Vale, Sheffield United, Small Heath (now Birmingham City), and Walsall. Manchester City holds the record for most second tier championships (7).
It expanded over the years to its final total of 24 clubs, as follows:
* 1893 - 15 clubs
* 1894 - 16
* 1898 - 18
* 1905 - 20
* 1919 - 22
* 1987 - 23
* 1988 - 24
For the first few years, there was no automatic promotion to the First Division. Instead, the top few teams in Division Two, including the winners, contested a series of test matches against the bottom teams in Division One. Small Heath, Second Division champions in 1892-93, were denied promotion after losing in test matches to Newton Heath. However, runners-up Sheffield United beat Accrington to become the first team to win promotion to the First Division. Test matches were abolished in 1898 after Burnley and Stoke conspired to deliberately draw their test match 0-0, which resulted in Burnley being promoted and Stoke being saved from relegation.
Relegation to the
Football League Third Divisionwas done in the season before the latter even started, as Grimsby Town (last place in 1919-20) made way for Cardiff Cityand formed the new Third Division with southern clubs. For subsequent seasons, two clubs were relegated into either the Third Division Northor Third Division Southdepending on their geographical location. When the Third Division was reunified in 1958-59, the relegation arrangement was kept; a third club began being relegated in 1974.
Previous League champions
List of winners of English Football League Championship and predecessorsfor winners from 1893 to 1992 and List of winners of English Football League One and predecessorsfor winners from 1993 to 2004.
Playoff winners since 1987
Football League Championship Play-Offsfor winners from 1987 to 1992 and Football League One Play-Offsfor winners from 1993 to 2004.
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