Dz (digraph)

Dz (digraph)

Dz is a digraph of the Latin alphabet, used in Polish, Kashubian, Macedonian, Slovak, and Hungarian to represent IPA|/d͡z/ (voiced alveolar affricate). In Dene Suline (Chipewyan) and Standard Cantonese Pinyin it represents IPA|/ts/.

In Polish

dz represents a voiced alveolar affricate (IPA: IPA|d͡z ). However, if followed by "i", it becomes a voiced alveolo-palatal affricate (IPA: IPA|d͡ʑ ).

Examples of dz

audio|Dzwon.ogg|dzwon ("bell")
audio|Pl-rodzaj.ogg|rodzaj ("kind, type")
audio|Pl-wódz.ogg|wódz ("leader, chief")

Compare dz followed by i:
audio|Pl-dziecko.ogg|dziecko ("child")
audio|pl-dziewczyna.ogg|dziewczyna ("girl, girlfriend")

In Macedonian

The Macedonian digraph Dz, like in Polish and Hungarian represents a single phoneme. It is the Macedonian transliteration from the Cyrillic character "S" (not actually based on the Latin letter S). It is used as an extra grapheme: the only sound and letter in the Macedonian alphabet to not have an equivalent in the alphabets of Serbo-Croatian, which Macedonian adopted as part of its codification in the 1940s.

In Slovak

In Hungarian

"Dz" is the seventh letter of the Hungarian alphabet. It is pronounced (using English pronunciation with letter romanization) "dzay" in the alphabet, but just "dz" when spoken in a word. Using the IPA phoneme, it can be written as /dz/.


In several words, it is pronounced long, e.g.
*"bodza, madzag, edz, pedz"In some other ones, short, e.g.
*"brindza, ódzkodik, dzadzíki, dzéta, Dzerzsinszkij"

In several verbs ending in "-dzik" (approx. 50), it can be pronounced either short or long, e.g.
*"csókolódzik, lopódzik, takaródzik"These are verbs where the "dz" can be replaced by "z" (and is replaced by some speakers): "csókolózik, lopózik, takarózik".

In some of these verbs, there is no free variation: "birkózik, mérkőzik" (only with "z") but "leledzik, nyáladzik" (only with "dz", pronounced long). In some other verbs, there is a difference in meaning: "levelez(ik)" (correspond with sb.) but "leveledzik" (to leaf [like a tree] ).

It is only doubled in writing when an assimilated suffix is added to the stem: "eddze, lopóddzon".


Usage of this letter is similar to that of Polish and Slovak languages. In Hungarian, even if these two characters are put together to make a different sound, they are considered one letter, and even acronyms keep the letter intact.


:These examples are Hungarian words that use the letter dz, with the English pronunciation with letter romanization following.

*bodza = "elderberry"
*edzés = "(physical) training"
*edző = "coach"
*nyáladzik = "salivate"

ee also

* Polish orthography
* Slovak language
* Hungarian alphabet

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