- Saint Fina
name= Santa Fina
March 12and 1st Sunday of August
Roman Catholic Church
caption= Fresco of Fina painted by
birth_place= San Gimignano
death_place= San Gimignano
attributes= Violets, depicted with
Saint Gregory the Great, or lying on her wooden board
Saint Fina (1238-1253) is a blessed who is venerated in the Tuscan town of
Finaref|1dei Ciardi was born in San Gimignano on 1238. Daughter of Cambio Ciardi and Imperiera, a declined noble family, she lived all her existence in a humble house located in the historic centre of the famous “city of beautiful towers” (today the small road on which her house stands takes her name). There is little record of the first ten years of her life, and what information we have comes from legends narrated after her death. Some documents say that she was very devoted to the Virgin and she went out only to attend mass.
In 1248 Fina’s life was changed by a serious sickness which began, progressively, to paralyse her (probably a form of tubercolosis like osteomyelitis or coxitis). Her deep faith relieved her pain. She refused a bed and decided to lie down instead on an oak table. During her long sickness her wounded body attached on the wood and her march flesh became food for worms and rats. During her illness, she lost her father and later the mother died when fallen down. In spite of this bad luck and her poverty she thanked God and expressed a desire that her soul could separate from the body in order to meet Jesus Christ.
This immense devotion was an example to all the citizen of San Gimignano, who frequently visited Fina. Visitors were surprised to receive words of encouragement from a desperately ill young girl who was resigned to the will of God.On March 4, 1253, after five years of sickness and pain, while her nurses Beldia and Bonaventura were waiting for her to pass away,
Saint Gregory the Greatappeared in Fina’s room and predicted that she would die on the 12th of March. Fina passed away on the predicted date. She was only 15 years old.
Miracles and legends
The most important miracle is the vision of Saint Gregory also because Fina died on Saint Gregory day (12 March) as he predicted.
When Fina’s body was detached from the oak wood table, the people who were there saw yellow violets bloom from the wood and smelt a fresh flower fragrance through the whole house. The violets grew on the walls of San Gimignano too and still today they grow there. For this reason the people of San Gimignano call them “The Saint Fina violets” from San Gimignano’s people.The young girl’s body was brought to the Pieve Preposituraref|2 and during the transfer all the people said “The Saint is dead!”.
For several days pilgrims went to the Pieve to see Fina’s remains and in the same period there were many evidences of her curative power. One was her nurse Beldia. The woman had a paralysed hand for the labour in supporting Fina’s head during her sickness. While she was near the body, the dead young girl cured Beldia’s hand.Legend say that, at the moment of Fina’s passing away, all the bells of San Gimignano rang without anyone touching them.
Many sick people who visited her grave during the following years were recovered and some of these became some of the most fervent apostles on S. Fina’s worship. The decision of Fina to lie down on a wood table is still a mistery. Some documents tell about her sympathy for a soldier: before her sickness she received an orange from him as love pawn. After the disappointing of he parentsr for Fina having accepted the present she might have chosen the pain.
Another legend tells that during a walk with two of her friends she heard another young girl cry. Smeralda, this is her name, had broken a pitcher that her mother had given her in order to fill in water from Fontiref|3. While she was stopped to play with other children, she forgot the recipient on the ground which unfortunately roll down and broke. Fina told her to arrange the pieces and put them under the water: the pitcher became complete and full of water.
Another anecdote about Fina’s miracles is the one of Cambio di Rustico: the Ciardi family’s neighbour. The man, a few years after Fina’s death on March 12 when all people had stopped working in order to remember the poor young girl, went to cut the wood and unfortunately hurted his leg. Suffering for his pain he asked forgiveness to Saint Fina and was very sorry for not having respected the holy day, so that his cut disappeared.Other miracles attributed to Fina are mentioned in some stories, paintings, poetries and in notary documents.
Saint Fina is celebrated in San Gimignano on March 12, anniversary of her death. This is an official festive day since 1481.Two years before (1479), the little patron saint was implored for stopping the plague: calamity stopped and this miracle occurred again in the same period of 1631. This happened on the first Sunday of August and still today Saint Fina is celebrated twice in the town during the year.On both days her relics are carried in procession in order to bless the town.Her example of devotion has been handed down during times by the people of San Gimignano throught her worship, but in spite of the name “Saint” she was not canonized. So, as written in some paintings dedicated to her, it would be correct to call her Blessed Fina. In fact the official patron saint of her town is still Saint Gimignano ref|4.
The most important thing “produced” in memory of Saint Fina is the “spedale” (hospital)ref|5 who took her name and was built in 1255 thanks to donations given on her tomb.The hospital gave hospitality to old and poor people and pilgrims too. It became in the following century one of the best in Tuscany. The building changed name in 1816 and remained in function until the end of 20th century. In the hospital’s chapel the original oak wood table where Saint Fina lied down for five year is preserved.
The most important monument dedicated to Saint Fina is the Chapel (built by Giuliano da Maiano in 1468 and consecrated in 1488) located inside the
Collegiata di San Gimignanowhere, inside the altar (built by the brother Benedetto da Maiano), the bones are kept. On the left and right walls of the Chapel we can see two frescoes painted by Domenico Ghirlandaio: one shows the vision of St. Gregory; the other shows the funeral where the violets in blosom on the towers are represented. We also see an angel ringing the bells, Beldia’s cured hand and the self portrait of the painter and his brother-in-law Mainardi, who painted the Chapel’s ceiling. On the altar there is a bust with Saint Fina’s relics inside.
Inside the Civic Museum of San Gimignano there is a wood tabernacle (by Lorenzo di Nicolò de Martino 1402) where the Saint Fina is painted with the town on her lap, St. Gregory icon and some her anecdotes of life. Another important image of Fina is in the nearby St. Agostino Church painted by
Benozzo Gozzoli. Many other artists were inspired by Saint Fina’s life (Piero del Pollaiolo, Pier Francesco Fiorentino etc.). In others small churches in the countryside other painting about Saint Fina were discovered.
The most credited biographer of Saint Fina is Fra’ Giovanni del Coppo (“Historia vita et morte di Sancta Fina da San Gimignano”, written on 14th century and translated from latin by Jacopo Manducci on 1575), who lived closest in time to Saint Fina. Many others have tried to tell Saint Fina’s life (Enrico Castaldi, Giovanni Bollando, Filippo Buonaccorsi, Teodoro Ferroni, Ignazio Malenotti, Luigi Pecori, Ugo Nomi Veronesi Pesciolini, Enrico Fiumi).
The best and most updated book is “Fina dei Ciardi”, written by Prof.ssa Iole Imberciadori Vichi in 1979: a deep research of all documents and biography existing in San Gimignano archives.
Iole Vichi Imberciadori – Fina dei Ciardi (1979)
* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=184 St. Fina]
* [http://www.stthomasirondequoit.com/SaintsAlive/id626.htm St. Serafina]
* [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/g/ghirland/domenico/2s_fina/index.html Announcement of Death to St Fina]
* [http://www.abcgallery.com/G/ghirlandao/ghirlandaio16.html The Funeral of St. Fina by Domenico Ghirlandaio]
#Probably diminutive of Serafina or Iosefina.
# Today is the Collegiata of San Gimignano (the main church).
# The public natural springs in S. Gimignano.
Bishop of Modena, died in 387. In legend, saved the citizens of the little town from the onslaughts of the Barbarian hordes in the 6th century.
#The old italian name was “Lo spedale”, the modern name is “L’ ospedale”.
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