- David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon
David of Scotland (c. 1144 – 17 June 1219) was a Scottish prince and Earl of Huntingdon. He was a claimant to the Scottish throne.
He was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth of Vermandois. His paternal grandfather was David I of Scotland. Huntingdon was granted to him after his elder brother William I of Scotland ascended the throne. David's son John succeeded him to the earldom.
In the litigation for succession to the crown of Scotland in 1290–1292, the great-great-grandson Floris V, Count of Holland of David's sister, Ada, claimed that David had renounced his hereditary rights to the throne of Scotland. He therefore declared that his claim to the throne had priority over David's descendants. However, no explanation or firm evidence for the supposed renounciation could be provided.
On 26 August 1190 David married Matilda of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester. He was almost thirty years Matilda's senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough.
David and Matilda had seven children:
- Margaret of Huntingdon (c. 1194 – c. 1228), married Alan, Lord of Galloway, by whom she had two daughters, including Dervorguilla of Galloway.
- Robert of Huntingdon (died young)
- Ada of Huntingdon, married Sir Henry de Hastings, by whom she had one son, Henry de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings.
- Matilda (Maud) of Huntingdon (-aft.1219, unmarried)
- Isobel of Huntingdon (1199–1251), married Robert Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale, by whom she had two sons, including Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale.
- John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon (1207 – 6 June 1237), married Elen ferch Llywelyn. He succeeded his uncle Ranulf as Earl of Chester in 1232, but died childless.
- Henry of Huntingdon (died young)
After the extinction of the senior line of the Scottish royal house in 1290, when the legitimate line of William the Lion of Scotland ended, David's descendants were the prime candidates for the throne. The two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (grandfather of King Robert I of Scotland) and John of Scotland were his descendants through David's daughters Isobel and Margaret, respectively.
Robin Hood Connection?
David is a possible inspiration figure for the Robin Hood legend because the legend plays at the same time as David lived in the 1190s. Another similarity is the Earl of Huntingdon question, because a historian names Robin Hood as a possible Earl of that area. Also both had taken part in the Third Crusade and by 1194 David had taken part at the siege of Nottingham Castle where the High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derby County was taken captive. His son Robert who died young was also a possible inspiration for Robin Hood.
Ancestors of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon 16. Duncan I of Scotland 8. Malcolm III of Scotland 17. Suthen 4. David I of Scotland 18. Edward the Exile 9. Saint Margaret of Scotland 19. Agatha 2. Henry, Earl of Northumbria 20. Siward, Earl of Northumbria 10. Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria 21. Aelfflaed of Bernicia 5. Maud, Countess of Huntingdon 22. Lambert II, Count of Lens 11. Judith of Lens 23. Adelaide of Normandy 1. David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon 24. Rodulf II de Warenne 12. William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey 25. Emma 6. William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey 13. Gundred, Countess of Surrey 3. Ada de Warenne 28. Henry I of France 14. Hugh I of Vermandois 29. Anne of Kiev 7. Elizabeth of Vermandois 30. Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois 15. Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois 31. Adele of Valois
NotesDavid of Scotland, Earl of HuntingdonBorn: ? c. 1144 Died: 17 June 1219
Scottish royalty Preceded by
William the Lion
Heir of Scotland
as heir presumptive
9 December 1165–1193
Margaret of Scotland, Countess of Kent
Peerage of England Preceded by
Simon of St Liz
Earl of Huntingdon Succeeded by
John de Scotia
[Known] Mormaers/Earls from Lennox line (to 1458)
David of Huntingdon ¶ · Ailín I · Ailín II · Maol Domhnaich · Maol Choluim I · Maol Choluim II · Domhnall · Margaret with Baltar mac Amlaimh · Donnchadh · Isabella with Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany
Stewart Earls (1488–1581)
John Stewart · Matthew Stewart · John Stewart · Matthew Stewart · Charles Stewart · Robert Stewart · Esmé Stewart
Stewart Dukes (1581–1672)
Esmé Stewart · Ludovic Stewart · Esmé Stewart · James Stewart · Esmé Stewart · Charles Stewart
¶ - Not from Lennox line
- ^ Charles Cawley. "Kings of Scotland". Medieval Lands. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTLAND.htm.
- ^ Charles Cawley. "England, earls created 1067-1122". Medieval Lands. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm.
- ^ "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10777". Thepeerage.com. http://www.thepeerage.com/p10777.htm#i107766. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- 1140s births
- 1219 deaths
- Heirs to the Scottish throne
- Earls in the Peerage of England
- House of Dunkeld
- Scottish princes
- 12th-century Scottish people
- 13th-century Scottish people
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