- Salammbô (Mussorgsky)
"Salammbô" [alternative title "The Libyan"] (Russian: Саламбо [Ливиец] ) is an unfinished opera-project in 4 acts by the Russian composer
Modest Mussorgsky, to his own librettobased on the novel of the same title by Gustave Flaubert( 1862), as well as poems by Alexander Polezhayev, Apollon Maikovand Vasily Zhukovsky.
vocal scoreof the fragments of the four intended acts and seven scenes of the opera have survived and have been published in "Mussorgsky's Complete works, vol. V", Moscow- Leningrad, 1939.
The Russian translation of Flaubert's novel was published in "Otechesvennye zapiski" in 1862 and made a great impression on Mussorgsky. He worked on the opera project from
1863until 1866. In 1866Mussorgsky lost interest in the project. However, several musical themes from this project were recycled and played important roles in the composer's subsequent opera "Boris Godunov".
Flaubert's novel "Salammbô" (published in 1862) interweaves historical and fictional characters. The action takes place before and during the Mercenary Revolt, an uprising of mercenaries in the employ of
Carthagein the 3rd century BC.
Salammbô, a priestess and the daughter of
Hamilcar Barca, an aristocratic Carthaginian general, is the object of the obsessive lust of Matho, leader of the mercenaries. With the help of the scheming freed slave, Spendius, Matho steals the sacred veil of Carthage, the Zaïmph, prompting Salammbo to enter the mercenaries' camp in an attempt to steal it back.
Listen to a fragment of the opera, the "Chorus of Priestesses", at the following links (conductor
* [http://www.amazon.com/gp/music/wma-pop-up/B000003FBY001003 Windows media]
* [http://www.amazon.com/gp/music/clipserve/B000003FBY001003/1 Real Player]
*1980, Zoltan Pesko (conductor), Orchestra Sinfonica E Coro Di Milano Della Radiotelevisione Italiana, Ludmilla Shemchuk (Salammbô), Georgiy Seleznev (Mathô), William Stone (Balearic Islander), Giorgio Surjan (Priest), Giorgio Tieppo (Pentarch 1), Eftimios Michalopoulos (Pentarch 2) [CBS Masterworks CB272]
* [http://lamp.semiotics.ru/musorg_flober.htm Mussorgsky and Flaubert (Russian)]
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