White clover

White clover

color = lightgreen
name = White Clover
status =


image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fabales
familia = Fabaceae
subfamilia = Faboideae
genus = "Trifolium"
species = "T. repens"
binomial = "Trifolium repens"
binomial_authority = L.

White Clover ("Trifolium repens") is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. It has been widely introduced elsewhere in the world as a pasture crop, and is also common in many grassy areas in North America.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream. The heads are generally 1.5-2 cm wide, and are at the end of 7 cm peduncles or flower stalks Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, "Weeds of The Northeast", (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997), Pp. 236-237.] . The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm a year, and rooting at the nodes .

Cultivation and Uses

White clover grows in turfgrass, crops, and landscapes. It is also found in a limited range of different field type environments. White clover can tolerate close mowing, and can grow on many different types and pHs of soil, but prefers clay. It is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out compete lawn weeds. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. The Organic Lawn Care Manual", Tukey, Storey Publishing. p 183.]

Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock, clovers are a valuable survival food: they are high in protein, widespread, and abundant. They are not easy to digest raw, but this can be easily fixed by boiling for 5-10 minutes Lee Allen Peterson, "Edible Wild Plants", (New York City: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977), P. 56.] . Dried flowerheads and seedpods can also be ground up into a nutritious flour and mixed with other foods, or can be steeped in hot water for a healthy, tasty tea-like infusion.

Before the introduction of broad-leaf herbicides, white clover was more often added to lawn seed mixes than it is today, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. Many people consider clover a weed when growing in lawns, in part because the flowers are attractive to bees and thus create a danger for people with bare feet.

White clover is the only known plant on which the caterpillars of the Coleophoridae case-bearer moth "Coleophora mayrella" feed.

In Britain, it is also used as an indicator of non-species rich grassland, as it out-competes the more rare plants and grasses, especially in fertile soils. Agri-environment schemes such as the Countryside Stewardship Scheme, Environmentally Sensitive Areas Scheme, and Environmental Stewardship give funding to species rich grasslands that does not have an abundance of white clover.


* [http://www.quattrofolium.com/eng/repens.html quattrofolium]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • White clover — White White (hw[imac]t), a. [Compar. {Whiter} (hw[imac]t [ e]r); superl. {Whitest}.] [OE. whit, AS. hw[imac]t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw[=i]t, D. wit, G. weiss, OHG. w[=i]z, hw[=i]z, Icel. hv[=i]tr, Sw. hvit, Dan. hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • white clover — n. a creeping species of clover (Trifolium repens) with white flower clusters, common in lawns …   English World dictionary

  • white clover — baltasis dobilas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos pašarinis augalas (Trifolium repens), paplitęs Europoje, šiaurės Afrikoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Trifolium repens angl. Dutch clover; ladino clover; white clover; white… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • white clover — baltasis dobilas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Ilgesnio amžiaus negu raudonieji ar rausvieji dobilai. Dauginasi ne tik sėklomis, bet ir vegetatyviškai – besidriekiančiais stiebais. Šienaujamuose plotuose išsilaiko 3–5 metus, o… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • white clover — white′ clo′ver n. pln a clover, Trifolium repens, having white flowers, common in pastures and meadows • Etymology: bef. 1100 …   From formal English to slang

  • White clover mosaic virus — Taxobox color=violet name = White clover mosaic virus (WCMV) virus group = iv familia = Flexiviridae genus = Potexvirus species = White clover mosaic virus synonyms = clover mosaic virus pea wilt virusWhite clover mosaic virus (WCMV) is a plant… …   Wikipedia

  • white clover — noun Date: before 12th century a Eurasian clover (Trifolium repens) with round heads of white flowers that is widely used in lawn and pasture grass seed mixtures and is an important source of nectar for bees called also white Dutch clover …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • white clover — noun creeping European clover having white to pink flowers and bright green leaves; naturalized in United States; widely grown for forage • Syn: ↑dutch clover, ↑shamrock, ↑Trifolium repens • Hypernyms: ↑clover, ↑trefoil …   Useful english dictionary

  • white clover — a clover, Trifolium repens, having white flowers, common in pastures and meadows. See illus. under clover. [bef. 1100; ME; OE] * * * …   Universalium

  • white clover — noun a species of clover, Trifolium repens, native to much of Europe, North Africa and parts of Asia and introduced elsewhere as a pasture crop. Syn: Dutch clover …   Wiktionary

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