- John, Duke of Durazzo
John of Gravina (1294 –
April 5 1336), Count of Gravina1315–1336, Duke of Durazzo1332–1336 and ruler of the Kingdom of Albania(although he never used a royaltitle), was a younger son of Charles II of Naplesand Maria of Hungary.
He was a younger brother of (among others)
Charles Martel of Anjou, Saint Louis of Toulouse, Robert of Naplesand Philip I of Taranto.
September 3 1313he was named Captain-General of Calabria. In 1315, he succeeded his brother Peter, Count of Gravinaafter the latter was killed at the Battle of Montecatini.
The death of
Louis of Burgundyin 1316 widowed Matilda of Hainaut, Princess of Achaea. Her suzerain, John's brother Philip I of Taranto, had her brought by force to Naplesin 1318 to marry John, a design intended to bring the Principality of Achaea into the Angevin inheritance. The marriage, celebrated in March 1318, failed of its objective: Matilda refused to surrender her rights to Achaea to her husband and ultimately contracted a secret marriage with Hugh de La Palice. This violated the marriage contract of her mother Isabelle, which had pledged that Isabelle and all her female heirs should not marry without permission of their suzerain. On these grounds, Philip stripped her of Achaea and bestowed it upon John: the marriage was annulled for non-consummation, and Matilda was imprisoned in the Castel dell'Ovo.
November 14 1321, John took a second wife, Agnes de Périgord, daughter of Helie VII, Count of Périgord and Brunissende de Foix. They had four sons:
Charles, Duke of Durazzo(1323–1348). Married Maria of Calabria.
Louis of Durazzo(1324–1362), Count of Gravina
Robert of Durazzo(1326–1356)
Stephen of Durazzo(b. c.1320), died a Crusader in Portugal.
He made a military expedition, financed by the Acciaiuoli, in 1325 to claim Achaea, by now much diminished from its original extent. While he re-established his authority in
Kefaloniaand Zante, he was unable to recapture Skorta from the control of the Byzantine Empire.
In 1332, Philip of Taranto died and was succeeded by his son
Robert of Taranto, who became the new suzerain of Achaea. Not wishing to swear fealty to his nephew, John arranged to surrender Achaea to him in exchange for Robert's rights to the Kingdom of Albaniaand a loan of 5,000 ounces of gold raised upon Niccolo Acciaiuoli, and thenceforth adopted the style of "Duke of Durazzo".
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1= 1. John, Duke of Durazzo
Charles II of Naples
3= 3. Maria of Hungary
Charles I of Naples
Beatrice of Provence
Stephen V of Hungary
Elizabeth the Cuman
Louis VIII of France
Blanche of Castile
Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence
Beatrice of Savoy
Béla IV of Hungary
13= 13. Maria Laskarina
14= 14. Kuthen, Khan of Cumania
15= 15. Mstislawna of Galicia
Philip II of France
Isabelle of Hainaut
Alfonso VIII of Castile
Leonora of England
Alfonso II, Count of Provence
21= 21. Gersenda II of Sabran
Thomas I of Savoy
23= 23. Marguerite of Geneva
Andrew II of Hungary
Gertrude of Merania
Theodore I Laskaris
28= 28. Suthoi, Khan of Cumania
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