The Hexateuch ("six scrolls") is the first six books of the Hebrew BibleHarris, Stephen L., Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield. 1985.] (the Torah or "Pentateuch" and the book of Joshua). Some scholars propose that Joshua represents part of the northern Yahwist source ("c" 950 BC), detached from JE document by the Deuteronomist ("c" 650-621) and incorporated into the Deuteronomic history, with the books of Judges, Kings, and Samuel.

Reasons for this unity, in addition to the presumed presence of the other documentary traditions, are taken from comparisons of the thematic concerns that underlie the narrative surface of the texts. For instance, the "Book of Joshua" stresses the continuity of leadership from Moses to Joshua. Furthermore the theme of "Joshua", the fulfillment of God's promise to lead the Israelites to the Promised Land, complements the thematic material of the Pentateuch, which had ended with the Israelites on the border of the Promised Land ready to enter.

The theory that "Joshua" completes the Torah in a 'Hexateuch' is advanced by critical scholars in the new field of "history of traditions", but the majority of traditional scholars follow the older rabbinic tradition, as it was expressed by the compilers of the Jewish Encyclopedia a century ago, that the Pentateuch is a complete work in itself.Fact|date=December 2007 The Torah has always consisted of only the first five books of the Hebrew Bible.Fact|date=December 2007

The Samaritans, who regard themselves as descendants of the Ancient Israelites, accept only the Hexateuch as divinely-inspired.


See also

*Documentary hypothesis
*Martin Noth

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hexateuch — • A name commonly used by the critics to designate the first six books of the Old Testament, i.e. the Pentateuch and Josue Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hexateuch     Hexateuch …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hexateuch — Hex a*teuch , n. [Hexa + ? a tool, a book.] The first six books of the Old Testament. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hexateuch — (griech.), Gesamtname der fünf Bücher Mosis oder des Pentateuchs (s. d.) nebst dem dazugehörigen Buch Josua. Vgl. Wellhausen, Die Komposition des Hexateuchs (3. Aufl., Berl. 1899); Holzinger, Einleitung in den H. (Freiburg 1893) und die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hexateuch — [hek′sə to͞ok΄, hek′sətyo͞ok΄] n. [Ger < Gr hex, SIX + teuchos, book, after PENTATEUCH] the first six books of the Bible …   English World dictionary

  • Hexateuch — Unter dem Hexateuch versteht man die ersten sechs Bücher des Alten Testaments in der Bibel, also die fünf Bücher Mose (den Pentateuch) und das Buch Josua. Der Begriff leitet sich vom Name Pentateuch für die fünf Bücher Mose ab. In der biblischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hexateuch — He|xa|teuch 〈m.; s; unz.; Theol.〉 die ersten sechs Bücher des AT, 1. bis 5. Buch Mose u. Buch Josua [<grch. hex „sechs“ + teuchos „Rüstzeug, Buch“] * * * He|xa|teuch, der; [s] [zu griech. teũchos = Buch] (christl., bes. kath. Rel.): das Buch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hexateuch — noun Etymology: hexa + Greek teuchos book more at Pentateuch Date: 1878 the first six books of the Bible …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Hexateuch — Hexateuchal, adj. /hek seuh toohk , tyoohk /, n. the first six books of the Old Testament. [1875 80; HEXA + (PENTA)TEUCH] * * * …   Universalium

  • HEXATEUCH —    the name given to the first six books of the Bible …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • hexateuch — The first six books of the OT, often regarded together as a theological unity in contrast to the more usually discussed Pentateuch, the first five books, commonly called the Law of Moses. Some NT scholars who have emphasized the typological… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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