J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional universeof Middle-earth, Carcharoth (pronounced|ˈkarxarθ), Sindarinfor "The Red Maw", was the greatest wolf that had ever lived. He was also called "Anfauglir" ("Jaws of Thirst"; IPA: IPA|/anˈfaʊglir/). He was bred with the specific goal of killing Huan, the hound of Valinor, a goal in which he succeeded ( Morgoth, as well as his most powerful servant Sauron, was aware of the prophecies regarding Huan's death and set out to make the prophecy come true).
Born of the foul breed of the Wolves of Angband and fed by Morgoth's own hand with Elvish and man-flesh in which Morgoth deliberately infused his own powers, Carcharoth tirelessly guarded Morgoth's Dark Throne in Angband.
He became involved with the Quest for the
Silmarilwhen Berenand Lúthienhad to pass him on their way into Angband. Lúthien enchanted him with her magic, but on their way out Carcharoth attacked before Lúthien could enthrall him again. Beren held out the captured Silmaril in an attempt to stay the beast, but Carcharoth bit off Beren's hand and swallowed it together with the Silmaril.
The Silmaril burned away Carcharoth's insides, and he became crazed with pain. A terror to Elves, Men and Orcs alike, he passed south through
Belerianduntil he arrived in Doriath. There Beren Erchamion, Elu Thingol, Beleg Cúthalion and Mablungjoined with Huan the Hound to hunt the Wolf.
Carcharoth was killed by Huan, but Huan died soon afterwards from his wounds. When Mablung cut open the belly of Carcharoth, he found there the Silmaril with Beren's hand still around it, but when he touched the flesh it was swept away by a wind. Beren then died of his wound, but returned later after Lúthien's pleas to
, Fenrisulfr bites off the hand of Týr (
John Bauer, 1911)] Tom Shippey, in "The Road to Middle Earth" (pp. 193–194) says that the hunting of the great wolf recalls the chase of the boar Twrch Trwythin the Welsh "Mabinogion", while the motif of 'the hand in the wolf's mouth' is one of the most famous parts of the " Prose Edda", told of Fenris Wolf and the god Týr; while Huan recalls several faithful hounds of legend, Garm, Gelert, Cafall.
* [http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/c/carcharoth.html Carcharoth in the Encyclopedia of Arda]
* [http://www.annalsofarda.dk/Annals-of-Arda/Others-index-tables/Others/Charcharoth.htm Carcharoth in the Annals of Arda]
* [http://www.thetolkienwiki.org/wiki.cgi?Carcharoth Carcharoth in the Tolkien Wiki Community]
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