Standard Terminal Arrival Route

Standard Terminal Arrival Route

In aviation, a Standard Terminal Arrival Route, also known as a Standard Terminal Arrival or simply a STAR, is a published procedure followed by aircraft on an IFR flight plan just before reaching a destination airport.


A STAR usually covers the phase of a flight that lies between the top of descent from cruise or en-route flight and the final approach to a runway for landing.

A typical STAR consists of a set of starting points, called transitions, and a description of routes (typically via waypoints) from each of these transitions to a point near a destination airport, upon reaching which the aircraft can join an instrument approach (IAP) or be vectored for a final approach by terminal air traffic control. It should be noted that not all airports have published STARs; however, most relatively large or not easily accessible (for example, in the mountainous area) airports do. Sometimes several airports in the same area share a single STAR; in such case, aircraft destined for any of the airports in such group follow the same arrival route up until reaching the final waypoint, after which they join approaches for their respective destination airports.

Naming conventions for STARs vary by country and region. In Europe, they are often named after the transition waypoint, followed by a digit that is incremented with each revision of the procedure, and a letter designating the runway for which the STAR is intended. In the United States, STARs are named after waypoints, or unique features of the STAR, or geographical features, followed by a digit indicating the STAR revision. A single STAR in the U.S. may serve for multiple runways and transitions; European STARs are more likely to be independently published for each runway and/or transition.

Not all STARs are for IFR flights. Occasionally STARs are published for visual approaches, in which case they specify visible landmarks on the ground and other visual reference points instead of waypoints or radio navigation aids.

STARs can be very detailed (as is often the case in Europe), allowing pilots to go from descent to approach entirely on their own once ATC has cleared them for the arrival, or they can be more general (as is often the case in the United States), providing guidance to the pilot which is then supplemented by instructions from ATC.

See also

* Standard Instrument Departure

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Standard Terminal Arrival Route — Este artículo está huérfano, pues pocos o ningún artículo enlazan aquí. Por favor, introduce enlaces hacia esta página desde otros artículos relacionado …   Wikipedia Español

  • Standard Terminal Arrival Route — STARs für den Flughafen Zürich, Ankünfte von Norden. Alle Routen führen zum IAF AMIKI, von dort wird der Verkehr durch die Flugsicherung zum Endanflug geleitet oder verbleibt zunächst in der Warteschleife. In der Luftfahrt sind Standard Terminal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • standard terminal arrival — An ATC (air traffic control) coded IFR (instrument flight rules) arrival route established for arriving IFR aircraft destined for certain airports. Its purpose is to simplify clearance delivery procedures. It is a preplanned instrument rule ATC… …   Aviation dictionary

  • standard terminal arrival chart — An aeronautical chart designed to expedite ATC (air traffic control) arrival procedures and facilitate the transition between en route and instrument approach operations. Each STAR procedure is presented as a separate chart and may serve a single …   Aviation dictionary

  • preferential arrival route — A specific arrival route from an appropriate en route point to an airport or a terminal area. It may be included in a STAR (standard terminal arrival) or a preferred IFR (instrument flight rules) route …   Aviation dictionary

  • Standard Instrument Departure — (SID) routes, also known as Departure Procedures (DP) are published flight procedures followed by aircraft on an IFR flight plan immediately after take off from an airport. Assignment procedure A SID is usually assigned by air traffic control to… …   Wikipedia

  • Standard Instrumental Departure — Salida Instrumental Normalizada (del inglés Standard Instrument Departure, SID), también conocida como Procedimientos de Salida (Departure Procedures, DP). Las SID son las rutas que seguidas por los aviones que siguen un plan de vuelo IFR después …   Wikipedia Español

  • Terminal Control Center — A Terminal Radar Approach Control (or FAA TRACON in the United States) is an Air Traffic Control facility usually located within the vicinity of a large airport. Typically, the TRACON controls aircraft within a 30 50 nautical mile (56 to 93 km)… …   Wikipedia

  • London Terminal Control Centre — The London Terminal Control Centre (LTCC) was an air traffic control centre based in West Drayton, in the London Borough of Hillingdon, England, approximately 2.5 miles north of London Heathrow airport. Operated by National Air Traffic Services… …   Wikipedia

  • Boston Air Route Traffic Control Center — (ZBW) is located in Nashua, New Hampshire, United States. The Boston ARTCC is one of 22 Air Route Traffic Control Centers in the United States.The primary responsibility of ZBW is the separation of overflights, and the expedited sequencing of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”