- William Miller (engraver)
name = William Miller
caption = William Miller, photograph, circa 1862
birth_date = birth date|1796|05|28
January 20, 1882
death_cause = (burial location: [http://www.monoimages.fsnet.co.uk/quaker/miller.htm Quaker Burial Ground, The Pleasance, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom] )
spouse = 1. Ellen Miller d.1841; 2.
William Miller (May 28, 1796 - January 20, 1882) was a
Quaker line engraverfrom Edinburgh, Scotland.
Miller became an
apprenticeto William Archibald in 1814. His first published engraving was in that year, of an . These were engraved by Cooke and published in volumes v - vii of Loddiges Botanical Cabinet, London, J and A Arch, 1820 - 1822.
Miller was one of the principal engravers of
J. M. W. Turner. His engravings after Turner included for Picturesque Views in England and Wales, London, Longman and Co, 1838.
was entirely the work of your father's own hand; it was done from a smaller copy of the original in the National Gallery. The pencil drawing was sent as usual to be transferred by the printer through the rolling press on to the etching ground, but when it came back the drawing was found to have shifted during the process, and the transferred outlines were thick and blurred. I should have been appalled, but your father made light of it, and etched away as if it had been all right.
"I need hardly say that it is as the interpreter of Turner your father's fame very much rests, and that Turner himself preferred 'the Scotch Quaker' to all other engravers. The skill with which he translated the high aerial effects was beyond all rivalry..........
"In making the outline drawings for transference to the plate, we were instructed to preserve every minute touch, indeed, keeping the touch was a point much insisted on. I remember an amusing instance of this. I was etching the , was in hand, he sent me to the spot to make sketches of the principal buildings in the distance. The High School in Turner's drawing was little more than a white patch. Your father did the foreground, and I believe, the sheep, but St. Anthony's Chapel, and the various distant buildings were etched by me - the latter from the sketches I had taken. For closeness of line and minute detail, it is the most laborious plate I was ever engaged on, and will, I believe, bear looking at through a magnifier. Of course, the beautiful effects depend entirely on the finish of your father. I had only to do with the mechanical part - the body - the soul is his. In the case of Turner's figures, perhaps keeping the touch was carried too far.
"Your father usually etched the foreground of the plates his pupils worked upon; and was fond of etching water, both rough and smooth, which was remarkable for its liquid effect.
"Turner's touched proofs were always an object of interest in the workroom. I recollect on the margin of one of them he had written. 'Mr Miller will please return all my touched proofs.' Whether this was done I cannot say; but they are generally considered the property of the engraver. They must be of considerable value."
Large single prints by Miller after Turner include The Grand Canal for Hodgson and Graves, 1837; Modern Italy for F G Moon, issued as the Presentation Plate for the National Art Union in 1843; and The Rhine, Osterprey and Feltzen for D T White in 1852.
His last engraved work was a series of vignettes after
Myles Birket Fosterto illustrate two volumes of the poems of Thomas Hood, published by Moxon in 1871 and 1872.
Bibliography of works illustrated by William Miller
*Memoirs of the Caledonian Horticultural Society Volume First. Edinburgh: Printed by Neill & Co. for Archibald Constable and Company; and for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, London, 1814
*Encyclopaedia Britannica 5th Edition, at the Encyclopaedia Press, For Archibald Constable and Company, and Thomson Bonar, Edinburgh: Gale, Curtis, and Fenner, London; and Thomas Wilson and Sons, York, 1817;
*The Botanical Cabinet Consisting of Coloured Delineations of Plants from all countries. Plates by George Cooke. Conrad Loddiges. London: John & Arthur Arch, 1818;;;;;;;;
*Engravings of the Skeleton of the Human Body. John Gordon MD. Blackwood, Edinburgh 1818;;;;;
*Scottish Cryptogamic Flora or Coloured Figures and Descriptions of Cryptogamic Plants, belonging chiefly to the Order Fungi; and Intended to serve as a Continuation of English Botany. Robert Kaye Greville. Edinburgh: Printed (by P. Neill) for MacLachlan & Stewart, Edinburgh; and Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, London, 1823-1828 (Plesch 301; Margadant, Greville 5; Nissen 757);
*An Account of the Bell Rock Lighthouse by Robert Stevenson, Edinburgh Printed for Archibald Constable and Co, Edinburgh; Hurst, Robinson and Co and Josiah Taylor, London, 1824;;
*An Essay on Gothic Architecture by T. Rickman, Architect. Third edn. Thomas Rickman. Liverpool: Geo. Smith. 1825
*Picturesque Views on the Southern Coast of England from drawings made principally by J.M.W. Turner, R.A. and engraved by W.B. Cooke, George Cooke and other eminent engravers, John and Arthur Arch, London 1826;;
*Provincial Antiquities and Picturesque Scenery of Scotland, Walter Scott, J M W Turner and others, John and Arthur Arch, London 1826
*Select Views In Greece With Classical Illustrations. Williams, Hugh William. London: Longman Rees Orme Brown and Green; and Adam Black. 1829;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
*The Winter's Wreath for MDCCCXXIX. A Collection of Original Contributions in Prose and Verse. London: Published by George B. Whitaker; and George Smith, Liverpool. 1829
*The Morbid Anatomy of the Gullet, Stomach and Intestines. Alexander Monro, tertius. Second Edition. Edinburgh: John Carfrae and Son; and Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, London. 1830
*Select Views Of The Royal Palaces Of Scotland, From Drawings by William Brown, Glasgow; With Illustrative Descriptions Of Their Local Situation, Present Appearance, And Antiquities. John Jamieson. Cadell & Co & Simpkin Marshall, Edinburgh & London 1830;;;;;;;;;;;;
*The Pilot. James Fenimore Cooper. London, T Allmann and Son, 42 Holborn Hill, 1832
*A Topographical and Historical Account of Linlithgowshire by the late John Penney. Edinburgh Stevenson, Prince's St, 1832
*The Landscape Annual for 1830. The Tourist in Switzerland and Italy. Roscoe, Thomas. Illustrated from Drawings by S Prout. London: Robert Jennings and William Chaplin. 62, Cheapside 1830
*The Landscape Annual for 1831. The Tourist in Italy. Roscoe, Thomas. London: Robert Jennings and William Chaplin. 1831
*The Landscape Annual for 1832. The Tourist in Italy. Roscoe, Thomas. Illustrated from Drawings by J.S. Harding. London: Robert Jennings and William Chaplin. 62, Cheapside 1832
*The Keepsake for MDCCCXXXI, Reynolds, Frederic Mansel. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1831
*The Keepsake for MDCCCXXXII, Reynolds, Frederic Mansel. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1832
*The Keepsake for MDCCCXXXIV, Reynolds, Frederic Mansel. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1834
*The Winter's Wreath for MDCCCXXXI. A Collection of Original Contributions in Prose and Verse. London: Published by George B. Whitaker; and George Smith, Liverpool. 1831;
*Remarks on the Comparative Merits of Cast Metal and Malleable Iron Railways; and an account of the Stockton and Darlington Railway and the Liverpool and Manchester Railway &c &c. Printed By Charles Henry Cook, (successor to the late Edw. Walker Pilgrim-Street Newcastle, 1832;
*Westmoreland, Cumberland, Durham & Northumberland. Illustrated from original drawings by Thomas Allom etc. With historical & topographical descriptions by Thomas Rose. Fisher Son and Co., London 1832;;;
*The Literary Souvenir for 1832. Alaric A Watts. London, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1832
*The Literary Souvenir for 1833. Alaric A Watts. London, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1833
*Lyrics of the Heart and Other Poems. Alaric A. Watts. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. 1851;;;
*The Winter's Wreath for MDCCCXXXII. A Collection of Original Contributions in Prose and Verse. London: Published by George B. Whitaker; and George Smith, Liverpool. 1832.
*Heath's Picturesque Annual for 1832, Travelling Sketches in the North of Italy, the Tyrol, and on the Rhine. With Twenty Six Beautifully Finished Engravings from Drawings by Clarkson Stanfield. Charles Heath. London: Published for the Proprietor by Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green. 1832;
*Heath's Picturesque Annual for 1833; Travelling Sketches on the Rhine, and in Belgium and Holland. With Twenty Six Beautifully Finished Engravings from Drawings by Clarkson Stanfield. Charles Heath. London: Published for the Proprietor by Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman. 1833
*Heath's Picturesque Annual for 1834; Travelling Sketches on the Sea Coasts of France. With Beautifully Finished Engravings from Drawings by Clarkson Stanfield. Charles Heath. London: Published for the Proprietor by Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green. 1834;
*Views In The East comprising India, Canton. and The Shores of The Red Sea with Historical and Descriptive Illustrations. Elliot, Captain Robert R.N.. H. Fisher, Son & Co., Newgate Street, London 1833;;;;
*Illustrations: Landscape, Historical, and Antiquarian, to The Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. London, Charles Tilt, 1834 (first published as Rokeby, the frontispiece to The Aurora Borealis, the Friends' Annual, Newcastle upon Tyne 1833)
*Poems, Samuel Rogers. London, Printed for T. Cadell, Strand; and E. Moxon 1834";;
*Turner's Annual Tour - The Loire, Ritchie, Leitch and Turner, J M W, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, London 1833;;
*Turner's Annual Tour - The Seine, Ritchie, Leitch and Turner, J M W, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, London 1834;
*Turner's Annual Tour - The Seine, Ritchie, Leitch and Turner, J M W, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, London 1835;
*The Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. Each Volume to have a Frontispiece and Vignette Title-page from designs taken from real scenes by J.W. Turner, R.A. Edinburgh: Robert Cadell, Edinburgh; Whittaker, Treacher, and Arnot, London; John Cumming, Dublin 1833 - 1834;;;;;;
*The Miscellaneous Prose Works of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. Embellished with Portraits, Frontispieces, Vignette Titles and Maps. The Designs of the Landscapes from Real Scenes by J.M.W. Turner, R.A.. Edinburgh: Robert Cadell, Edinburgh; Whitaker, Arnot, and Company, London; John Cumming, Dublin 1834 - 1836;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
*Stanfield's Coast Scenery. a Series of Views in the British Channel, from Original Drawings Taken Expressly for the Work. Clarkson Stanfield. Smith, Elder and Co., London, 1836;;
*The Poetical Works of Thomas Campbell. Edward Moxon, London 1837
*Picturesque Views in England and Wales. From Drawings by J.M.W. Turner, engraved under the superintendence of Mr. Charles Heath with descriptive and historic illustrations by H.E. Lloyd. London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1838;;;;;;
*Loch an Eilan, engraving by William Miller after Horatio McCulloch, Royal Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1839
*The Land of Burns, A Series of Landscapes and Portraits, Illustrative of the Life and Writings of the Scottish Poet. illus. with numerous engraved plates and portraits, the landscapes from paintings made expressly for the work by D.O. Hill. Wilson, Professor and Chambers, Robert, Glasgow: Blackie & Son, 1840;;;;;;;
*Paintings from the National Gallery;;
*Waverley Novels (Abbotsford Edition). Walter Scott. Edinburgh and London: Robert Cadell, Houlston & Stoneman 1842 - 1847;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;5;;;;;;;;;
*Art and Song. A Series of Original Highly Finished Steel Engravings from Masterpieces of Art of the Nineteenth Century. Bell, Robert (Ed), Bell and Daldy, London 1867;;
*The Book of Gems from the Poets and Artists of Great Britain. The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century. Wordsworth to Tennyson. Hall, Samuel Carter. Bell and Daldy, London 1866;;
*The Imperial Family Bible According to the Authorized Version (John Martin Illustrator) Glasgow, Edinburgh, and London: Blackie & Son. 1844;
*Black's Picturesque Tourist of Scotland with an Accurate Travelling Map, Engraved Charts, and Views of the Scenery; Plans of Edinburgh and Glasgow; and a Copious Itinerary. Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh; various editions from 1846
*Kilchurn Castle, Loch Awe engraving by William Miller after J M W Turner, Rawlinson 664 first published state; engraved exclusively for the Members of the Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1847
*The Castles, Palaces and Prisons of Mary of Scotland. Charles Mackie. London. C Cox, 12, King William St, Strand, Oliver & Boyd Edinburgh, David Robertson, Bookseller to the Queen Glasgow, James Chalmers Dundee, & J Robertson Dublin. 1849;;;;
*Memoirs of the Life of Sir A Agnew of Lochnaw. London and Edinburgh: 1850
*The Rhine - Osterprey and Feltzen engraving by William Miller after J M W Turner, Rawlinson 669 first published state 1852
*Italian Goatherds, detail from engraving by William Miller after J S Lauder, Royal Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1843
*The Cotter's Saturday Night, Royal Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1853;
*Tam O'Shanter, Illustrated with six large engravings by John Faed RSA. Royal Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1855
*Six Engravings for the Members of the Royal Association for Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, Royal Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1863
*Eight Engravings in Illustration of Waverley. For the Members of the Royal Association for Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, Royal Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in Scotland, 1865
*The Art-Union: Monthly Journal of The Fine Arts, and the Arts, Decorative, and Ornamental. Volume 9. Palmer and Clayton, London, 1847;;;;;;;;;;;
*Rab and His Friends. Dr John Brown F.R.S.E.. Edmonston and Douglas, Edinburgh. 1862
*The Imperial Bible Dictionary - Historical, Biographical, Geographical and Doctrinal - Illustrated by numerous engravings - Including the natural history, antiquities, manners, customs, and religious rites and ceremonies mentioned in the scriptures, and an account of the several books of the old and new Testaments. Patrick Fairbairn. London: Blackie and Son, Paternoster Row 1866;;;
*Unpublished engravings by William Miller after Birket Foster;
*Yorkshire Past and Present: a history and a description of the three ridings of the great county of York, from the earliest ages to the year 1870; with an account of its manufactures, commerce, and civil and mechanical engineering. Including an account of the woollen trade of Yorkshire by Edward Baines. Baines, Thomas. London: William Mackenzie, 22 Paternoster Row. 1871
*Hood's Poems, illustrated by Birket Foster, E. Moxon, Son & Co., London 1872;;
Bianca's Dream 'For Julio underneath the lattice play'd';;;;;;;;;The Compass, with Variations 'Twas in the Bay of Naples';;;;;;;;;;
*Hood's Poems, again illustrated by Birket Foster, E. Moxon, Son & Co., London 1872;Autumn 'The autumn is old';;The Elm Tree "Twas in a shady avenue';;;;;;;The Romance of Cologne "Tis midnight and the moonbeam';;The Mermaid of Margate 'He was saved from the hungry deep by a boat of Deal';;;
*A Catalogue of Engravings by William Miller HRSA 1818 - 1871 By WFM (William F Miller, his eldest son), Published privately in 1886
*Memorials of Hope Park comprising some particulars in the life of our dear father William Miller, together with a list of his engravings. By WFM (William F Miller, his eldest son), Published privately in 1886
*Oxford Biography Index entry, Miller, William (1796–1882), engraver http://www.oxforddnb.com/index/101018745 Primary authority: Oxford DNB
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