Lavinium was a Latin port city of Latium 30 km south of Rome, [The site of the city is the modern Practica di Mare.] already fortified in the seventh century BCE and a flourishing in the sixth. [Christopher John Smith, "Early Rome and Latium: Economy and Society C. 1000 to 500 BC" (Oxford University Press) 1996:134; Mario Torelli, "Lavinio e Roma. Riti iniziatici e matrimonio tra archeologia e storia" ] and assimilated by Republican Rome. Its early gate seems to have linked the city by a road to Ardea. The city was securely linked to Rome by the Via Laurentina.

A number of kilns have been identified within the perimeter of the city walls. Outside the city was a sanctary dedicated to Sol Indigetes and a vast sanctuary with numerous altars, where the bronze inscribed plaque records that the Dioscuri were being venerated at one of numerous altars. [Smith 1996.]

According to Roman mythology, which links Lavinium more securely to Rome, the city was named by Aeneas [A tumulus was identified by Romans as the "Heroon of Aeneas"] in honor of Lavinia, daughter of Latinus, king of the Latins, and his wife, Amata. Aeneas reached Italy and there fought a war against Turnus, the leader of the local Rutuli people. He did not found Rome but Lavinium, the main centre of the Latin league, from which the people of Rome sprang. Aeneas thus links the royal house of Troy with the Roman republic.

The foundation of Lavinium and the Rutulian war are both mentioned prominently in the great Roman epic, the Aeneid by the Mantuan poet Publius Vergilius Maro (Virgil). More recently, the city is the setting of the modern epic poem, "The Laviniad" by Claudio R. Salvucci.

The modern town of Lavinio now stands on the site of ancient Lavinium, which was much closer to the sea in Antiquity. [Smith 1996.]



* [ Richard Stillwell, ed. "Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites", 1976:] "Lavinium (Pratica di Mare), Latium, Italy"

External links

* [ Archaeological Museum of Lavinium]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lavinium — war eine alte, der Sage nach von Aeneas gegründete und seiner Gattin Lavinia zu Ehren benannte Stadt in Latium, zwischen Ardea und Laurentum, eine Zeit lang der Mittelpunkt des latinischen Staats, auch der Ort, wo angeblich der König Titus Tatius …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lavinium — Lavinium,   alte Latinerstadt, die bis in die späte römische Kaiserzeit ein religiöses Zentrum in Latium war, an der Stelle des heutigen Pratica di Mare, etwa 25 km südlich von Rom. Lavinium spielt als legendäre Gründung des Äneas eine Rolle in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lavinĭum — (a. Geogr.), Stadt am Meere in Latium, von Äneas od. von Latinus zu Ehren seiner Tochter Lavinia erbaut; hier Tempel der Venus, mit den trojanischen Penaten; dieser Tempel war ein allgemein latinisches Heiligthum, stand aber unter der besonderen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lavinĭum — Lavinĭum, alte, der Sage nach von Äneas gegründete und seiner Gattin Lavinia zu Ehren benannte Stadt in Latium, zwischen Ardea und Laurentum, eine Zeitlang Mittelpunkt des latinischen Staates. Obwohl politisch unbedeutend, stand es doch lange als …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lavinium — Lavinĭum, alte Stadt in Latium, der Sage nach von Äneas gegründet zu Ehren seiner Gattin Lavinia …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lavinium — Lavinium, alte Stadt in Latium, der Sage nach von Aeneas gegründet …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Lavinium — 41° 39′ 42″ N 12° 28′ 42″ E / 41.661625, 12.478427 Lavinium est une ville ant …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lavinium — ▪ Italy       an ancient town of Latium (modern Pratica di Mare, Italy), 19 miles (30 kilometres) south of Rome, regarded as the religious centre of the early Latin peoples. Roman tradition maintained that it had been founded by Aeneas and his… …   Universalium

  • Lavinium — ► MITOLOGÍA Ant. c. del Lacio en Italia. Su fundación se atribuyó a Eneas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LAVINIUM, s. LAVINUM — urbs Latii ab Aenea condita, et nomine Laviniae uxoris ita appellara. Hodie Citta Lavinia, urbecula Campaniae Rom. 5. mill. a Velitris, Ostiam versus, 9. circiter ab ora maris Tyrth. uti et 18. a Roma in Occas. Differt a Laurentio, et hodie est… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”