R-labialization

R-labialization

R-labialization is a process occurring in Cockney speech where the IPA|/r/ phoneme is realized as a labiodental approximant IPA| [ʋ] in contrast to an alveolar approximant IPA| [ɹ] . To speakers who are not used to IPA| [ʋ] , this can sound like a IPA|/w/.

Although traditionally regarded as an idiosyncrasy, speech defect, or infantilism, use of labiodental IPA|/r/ is increasing in many accents of British English.Foulkes, Paul, and Gerard J. Docherty. (eds.) (1999). Urban Voices. Arnold] The majority of speakers using this realization are from the southeastern part of the country, particularly in London. It is also occasionally heard in some speakers of Boston and New York City English.

The IPA|/r/ realization may not always be labiodental: bilabial and velarised labiodental realisations have been reported.

R-labialization leads to pronunciations such as the following:

* red - IPA| [ʋɛd]
* ring - IPA| [ʋɪŋ]
* rabbit - IPA| [ʋæbɪt]
* merry Christmas - IPA| [mɛʋi kʋɪsmɪs]

References


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  • Labialization — La bi*al*i*za tion, n. (Phonetics) The modification of an articulation by contraction of the lip opening. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • labialization — (Amer.) n. modification of pronunciation of words by contraction of the lip opening, pronouncing by rounding the lips (also labialisation) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • labialization — noun see labialize …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • labialization — См. labializzazione …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • labialization — See labialize. * * * …   Universalium

  • labialization — noun A secondary articulatory feature of usually consonants that involves the contraction or rounding of the labia during pronunciation …   Wiktionary

  • labialization — la·bi·al·iza·tion …   English syllables

  • labialization — ˌlābēələ̇ˈzāshən noun ( s) Etymology: labial (I) + ization : the action or result of labializing : rounding * * * lāˈbialism, labializāˈtion or lāˈbialism …   Useful english dictionary

  • labialize — labialization, n. /lay bee euh luyz /, v.t., labialized, labializing. Phonet. to give a labial character to (a sound), for example, to round (a vowel). Also, esp. Brit., labialise. [1865 70; LABIAL + IZE] * * * …   Universalium

  • labializations — labialization (Amer.) n. modification of pronunciation of words by contraction of the lip opening, pronouncing by rounding the lips (also labialisation) …   English contemporary dictionary

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