- Bluebird of happiness
The mythology of the
bluebirdhas deep roots that goes back to thousands of years. Indigenous cultures across the globe hold similar myths and beliefs about the bluebirdFact|date=August 2008. It is the most universally accepted symbol of cheerfulness, happiness, prosperity, hearth and home, good health, new births, the renewal of springtime, etcPOV-statement|date=August 2008. Virtually any positive sentiments may be attached to the bluebirdDubious|date=August 2008.
symbology, bluebirds are used to represent confidence in the positive aspect and egotism in the negative. A dead bluebird is a symbol of disillusionment, of the loss of innocence, and of transformation from the younger and naive to the older and wiser.Fact|date=August 2008
Bluebird symbology in America
Many Native American tribes considered the bluebird sacred.
According to the
Cochititribe, the firstborn son of Sun was named Bluebird. In the tale "The Sun's Children" from " Tales of the Cochiti Indians" (1932) by Ruth Benedict: "She nursed him until the Sun father came back. Sun returned to the girl, and the girl offered the child to him, saying, 'Here is your baby. It is a little boy.' They named him Bluebird (Culutiwa)."
The Navajo hold the
Mountain Bluebirdto be a great spirit in animal form and associate it with the rising sun. The Bluebird Song is sung to remind tribe members to wake at dawn and rise to greet the sun:
"Bluebird said to me,"
"Get up, my grandchild."
"It is dawn, it said to me."The Bluebird Song is still used in social settings and is also performed in the nine-day Ye'iibicheii winter
Nightway ceremony. It is the most revered song, as well as the closing act, performed just before sunrise on the final day.
A popular song by
Jan Peerceand Art Mooney and His Orchestratitled Bluebird of Happiness was recorded in 1948 and introduced at the Radio City Music Hall.
Bluebird symbology in Europe
Bluebird mythology in Europe is noted in a fairy tale called "L'Oiseau Bleu (The Blue Bird)" by
Madame d'Aulnoy(1650-1705). This seems to be the root source of most modern accounts of bluebird symbology and myth.Fact|date=June 2007 In this tale, King Charming is transformed into a bluebird, who is the love interest of the younger princess Fiordelisa and aids her through her trials.
"The Blue Bird" was made into a 1908 stage play by
Maurice Maeterlinckand into several films throughout the 20th century, including the 1940 original starring Shirley Temple. The story begins with two child heroes, Tyltyl and Mytyl, whom are sent out by the fairyBérylune into various lands to search for the Bluebird of Happiness. Returning home empty-handed, the children see that the bird has been in a cage in their home the whole time. Tyltyl later gives the bird as a present to a sick neighbor. However, the bird flies away and never returns. The moral is that happiness comes more from the journey than the reward and that happiness is fleeting.The blue bird of happiness is also mentioned in the film "K-Pax" when the patients at the ward are all awaiting the arrival of the blue bird.
Bluebird symbology in Asia
Korean bluebird has similar symbolic meanings. Yet the bird also operates as a kind of metaphysicaloperative for the gods by flitting around and spying on the activities of mortals. This is reflected in the English colloquialism"A little bird told me."
The Blue Bird (fairy tale)
L'Oiseau Bleu(version by Maeterlinck)
[http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/sw/tci/tci025.htm "The Sun's Children" in "Tales of the Cochiti Indians"]
[http://www.newworldrecords.org/liner_notes/80406.pdf Navajo Bluebird Song - Navajo Songs from Canyon De Chelly]
[http://www.bluebirdofhappiness.net/ Bluebird of Happiness History]
[http://www.lyricstime.com/art-mooney-bluebird-of-happiness-lyrics.html "Bluebird of Happiness" (1948) Lyrics]
* [http://users.aristotle.net/~russjohn/art/terra.html Arkansas Travelogue]
* [http://www.andybaird.com/travels/first/first10.htm Travels with Gertie]
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