Titanium(II) oxide

Titanium(II) oxide

Chembox new
ImageFile = Titanium(II)_oxide.jpg
ImageName = Titanium(II) oxide
OtherNames = titanium monoxide
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 12137-20-1

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = TiO
MolarMass = 63.866 g/mol
Appearance = bronze crystals
Density = 4.95 g/cm³, solid
MeltingPt = 1750°C
BoilingPt =

Section3 = Chembox Structure
CrystalStruct = cubic

Section7 = Chembox Hazards
EUClass = not listed

Titanium(II) oxide (TiO) is an inorganic chemical compound of titanium and oxygen. It can be prepared from titanium dioxide and titanium metal at 1500°C.Egon Wiberg, Arnold Frederick Holleman (2001) "Inorganic Chemistry", Elsevier ISBN 0123526515] It is non-stoichiometric in a range TiO0.7 to TiO1.3 and this is caused by vacancies of either Ti or O in the defect rock salt structure. In pure TIO 15% of both Ti and O sites are vacant. Careful annealing can cause ordering of the vacancies producing a monoclinic form which has 5 TiO units in the primitive cell that exhibits higher resistivity [Electrical and Magnetic Properties of TiO and VO, Banus M. D., Reed T. B., Strauss A. J., Phys. Rev. B 5, 2775 - 2784, (1972)doi|10.1103/PhysRevB.5.2775] There is also a high temperature form with titanium atoms with trigonal prismatic coordination. [Greenwood&Earnshaw] Acid solutions of TiO are stable for a short then decompose to give hydrogen:

:Ti2+ + H+ → Ti3+ + ½ H2


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Titanium(III) oxide — Chembox new ImageName = IUPACName = titanium(III) oxide OtherNames = titanium sesquioxide Section1 = Chembox Identifiers CASNo = 1344 54 3 Section2 = Chembox Properties Formula = Ti2O3 MolarMass = 143.76 g/mol Appearance = violet black, odorless… …   Wikipedia

  • Titanium oxide — may refer to:* Titanium(II) oxide (titanium monoxide), TiO, a non stoichiometric oxide * Titanium(III) oxide, Ti2O3 * Ti3O5 * Titanium dioxide (titanium(IV) oxide), TiO2In addition to the above, other distinct oxides that are examples of… …   Wikipedia

  • Titanium dioxide — Chembox new Name = Titanium dioxide ImageFile = Titanium(IV) oxide.jpg ImageSize = 200px ImageName = Titanium(IV) oxide ImageFile1 = Rutile unit cell 3D balls.png ImageSize1 = 200px ImageName1 = The unit cell of rutile IUPACName = Titanium… …   Wikipedia

  • Titanium tetrachloride — IUPAC name Titanium tetrachloride …   Wikipedia

  • Titanium alloy — Titanium alloys are metallic materials which contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements. Such alloys have very high tensile strength and toughness (even at extreme temperatures), light weight, extraordinary corrosion resistance,… …   Wikipedia

  • titanium dioxide — n an oxide TiO2 of titanium that is used esp. as a pigment and in sunblocks * * * TiO2, an oxide of titanium used as a white pigment, primarily in paints; workers inhaling excessive amounts of its dust may suffer from titanium dioxide… …   Medical dictionary

  • titanium dioxide — n. a white crystalline compound, TiO2, used as a paint pigment and ceramic glaze, and in making white rubber, plastics, etc.: also titanium white or titanic oxide …   English World dictionary

  • titanium — Symbol: Ti Atomic number: 22 Atomic weight: 47.90 White metallic transition element. Occurs in numerous minerals. Used in strong, light corrosion resistant alloys. Forms a passive oxide coating when exposed to air. First discovered by Gregor in… …   Elements of periodic system

  • Titanium — This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Titanium (disambiguation). scandium ← titanium → vanadium …   Wikipedia

  • titanium processing — Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Titanium (Ti) is a soft, ductile, silvery gray metal with a melting point of 1,675° C (3,047° F). Owing to the formation on its surface of an oxide film that is… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”