Piyama-Kurunta was a prince and regent for the last independent king of
Arzawa, a Bronze Agekingdom of western Anatolia. The king of Arzawa Uhha-Zitinamed his son "Gift of the god Kurunta", after a god (or hero) whose name had featured in the names of previous Arzawan kings.
In c. 1323 BC, from the town Apasa, Uhha-Ziti rebelled against the
Hittitesand accepted that empire's refugees from Attarimma, Hu [wa] rsanassa, and Suruda. While the Hittite king Mursili IIwas marching toward Arzawa, a meteor struck Apasa and wounded Uhha-Ziti. Uhha-Ziti then agreed on an alliance with the king of "Ahhiyuwa" and ordered Piyama-Kurunta to attack Mira, whose king Maskhuiluwa was married to Mursili's sister.
Piyama-Kurunta attacked and possibly destroyed the city
Impain Mira, but Mira repelled him. Piyama-Kurunta later faced off against Mursili's army at "Walma, at the river Astarpa" - and lost. Piyama-Kurunta followed his father, and his brother Tapalazunauli, in flight to the islands. Mursilis walked into Apasas apparently without a fight. The refugees meanwhile fled to the town or fortress Puranda. Uhha-Ziti died while Mursilis was encamped at the Astarpa, besieging Puranda.
Tapalazunaulimade a last attempt to rally support, in Puranda. When this failed, Piyama-Kurunta saw that his cause was lost, so he and the King of Ahhiyawa made landfall to sue for peace. Mursilis deported Piyama-Kurunta to Hattusa. Piyama-Kurunta likely died there.
* [http://pages.sbcglobal.net/zimriel/amc/arzawa.html The Arzawa Page]
* [http://membres.lycos.fr/hatti/texts/mursili1-8.html Annals of Mursili]
* [http://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piyama-Kurunta Catalan]
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