Aurich

Aurich

Infobox German Location
Art =
Name = Aurich
image_photo = Fussgängerzone Aurich.jpg
imagesize =
image_caption = Aurich center, car free zone
Wappen = Wappen_Aurich.pnglat_deg = 53 |lat_min = 28 |lat_sec = 17
lon_deg = 07 |lon_min = 29 |lon_sec = 01
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Niedersachsen
Landkreis = Aurich
Höhe = 4
Fläche = 197.21
Einwohner = 40559
Stand = 2006-06-30
PLZ = 26603 - 26607
Vorwahl = 04941
Kfz = AUR
Gemeindeschlüssel = 03 4 52 001
Straße = Bgm-Hippen-Platz 1
Website = [http://www.aurich.de www.aurich.de]
Bürgermeister = Heinz-Werner Windhorst
Partei = Independent

Aurich (Low Saxon: Auerk) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Aurich.

History

The history of Aurich dates back to the 13th century, when the settlement of Aurechove was mentioned in a Frisian document called the Brokmerbrief in 1276. In 1517, Count Edzard from the house of Cirksena began reconstructing the city after an attack. He established the town center, which is still in place today. In 1539, the land authorities were brought together in Aurich, making it the capital of the county and, later, East Frisia, remaining the seat of the land authorities when East Frisia was inherited by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1744. It passed to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1815, and then was annexed by Prussia in 1866 and made part of the Province of Hanover.

From October 21 1944 until December 23 1944 a Nazi concentration camp was established in Aurich. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp. [The camp is listed as No. 51 Aurich, Kreis Aurich in the official German list.]

After World War II, Aurich became part of the new state of Lower Saxony.

Coat-of-arms

Aurich's coat-of-arms is drawn by the blazon: "Arms: Landscape with chief two-thirds sky and base third earth, a shield Gules emblazoned with letter 'A' Or, an open-topped crown Or above, two growing trees Vert at sides. Crown: A battlement Gules with three merlons and two embrasures. Supporters: Two branches of mistletoe with leaves and berries Or.".

Note that the coat-of-arms of the district of the same name differs.

ee also

*List of subcamps of Neuengamme

Notes

References

*Official German list of concentration camps [http://bundesrecht.juris.de/begdv_6/anlage_6.html Verzeichnis der Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos] de icon

External links

* [http://www.aurich.de/index.php?id=1&L=1 Official site]
* [http://www.aurich.de/ Official site] de icon


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