Camptotheca

Camptotheca

Taxobox
name = Happy tree
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Cornales
familia = Cornaceae (Nyssaceae)
genus = "Camptotheca"
genus_authority = Decne.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Camptotheca acuminata"
"Camptotheca lowreyana"

"Camptotheca" (happy tree) is a genus of medium-sized deciduous trees growing to 20 m tall, native to central China. They are usually included in the tupelo family Nyssaceae, but sometimes included (with the tupelos) in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Camptotheca is used to make Irinotecan, Topotecan, 9-Aminocamptothecin, and camptothecin-1 (CPT-1).

There are two species:
*"Camptotheca acuminata" Decne.
*"Camptotheca lowreyana" S.Y.Li

The name 'happy tree' is a direct translation of the Chinese name xi shu. An extract from the tree (camptothecin) is used as an anti-cancer treatment.

References

* [http://web.archive.org/web/20050115094522/http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/mss/volume13/Nyssaceae-AGH_coauthoring.htm Flora of China - draft text]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Camptotheca —   Camptotheca C. acumin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Camptotheca — ID 13863 Symbol Key CAMPT2 Common Name camptotheca Family Cornaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Camptotheca accuminata — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Camptotheca accuminata Camptotheca acuminata Clasificación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Camptotheca acuminata — ID 13864 Symbol Key CAAC12 Common Name camptotheca Family Cornaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Camptotheca acuminata — smailialapė lenktė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Sedulinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis augalas (Camptotheca acuminata), paplitęs rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Camptotheca acuminata šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos 2009 …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Camptotheca acuminata Decne. — Symbol CAAC12 Common Name camptotheca Botanical Family Cornaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Camptotheca Decne. — Symbol CAMPT2 Common Name camptotheca Botanical Family Cornaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Camptotheca — Camp·to·the·ca (kamp″to theґkə) [Gr. kamptos bent + thēkē case] a genus of trees of the family Nyssaceae. C. acuminata is a species known as the happy tree, native to China and Tibet, and is the source of the alkaloid… …   Medical dictionary

  • Cornaceae — Cornacées Cornus nuttallii …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camptothecin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Camptothecin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”