- Anal retentive
The term "anal-retentive" (or "anally retentive", "anal retentive"), commonly abbreviated to "anal", is used
conversationally to describe a person with such attention to detail that the obsession becomes an annoyance to others, and can be carried out to the detriment of the anal-retentive person. The term derives from Freudian psychoanalysis.
psychologyof Freud, the anal stageis said to follow the oral stageof infant/early-childhood development. This is a time when an infant's attention moves from oral stimulation to anal stimulation (usually the bowels but occasionally the bladder), usually synchronous with learning to control their excretory functions, a time of toilet training. Freud theorized that children who experience conflicts during this period of time may develop "anal" personality traits, namely those associated with a child's efforts at excretory control: orderliness, stubbornness, a compulsion for control, [cite web
title = Anal-retentive
work = WordNet 3.0
publisher = Princeton University
date = 2006
url = http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=anal%20retentive
accessdate = 2007-07-14] as well as a generalized interest in collecting, possessing, and retaining objects. [cite book
last = Hall
first = Calvin S.
title = A Primer of Freudian Psychology
publisher = New American Library
date = 1954
location = New York
pages = 108
isbn = 0452011833 ] Those whose anal characteristics continue into later life are said to be "anal retentive", or conversely, those who reject anal characteristics are said to have "
anal expulsive" personality types. Some believe this to be a mild expression of obsessive-compulsive disorderor obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
Although Freud's theories on early childhood have been influential on the psychological community, research suggests that the overall pattern of parental attitudes has a much more concrete effect on how an infant will grow up. There is no conclusive research linking anal stage conflicts with anal personality types. [cite book
last = Berger
first = Kathleen
title = The Developing Person
publisher = Worth Publishers
date = 2000
location = New York
pages = 218
isbn = 1-57259-417-9]
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
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