Gallium(III) iodide

Gallium(III) iodide

Chembox new
Name = Gallium(III) iodide
ImageFile = Gallium-iodide-3D-balls.png ImageName = Gallium(III) iodide
OtherNames = gallium triiodide
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 13450-91-4

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = Ga2I6
MolarMass = 450.436 g/mol
Appearance = light yellow powder
Density = 4.15 g/cm3, solid
Solubility = decomposes
MeltingPt = 212 °C
BoilingPt = 345 °C

Section7 = Chembox Hazards
EUClass = not listed
NFPA-H = 4
NFPA-R = 1
NFPA-F = 0

Gallium(III) iodide is the chemical compound with the formula Ga2I6. It is the most common iodide of gallium. In the chemical vapor transport method of growing crystals of gallium arsenide uses iodine as the transport agent. It reversibly forms GaI3. [C. Brünig, S. Locmelis, E. Milke, M. Binnewies, "Chemischer Transport fester Lösungen. 27. Mischphasenbildung und chemischer Transport im System ZnSe/GaAs" Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 2006, 632, 6 , 1067 - 1072. doi|10.1002/zaac.200600008]

Gallium triiodide can be reduced with gallium metal to give a green-colored solid called "gallium(I) iodide." The nature of this species is unclear, but it is useful for the preparation of compounds of gallium(I) and galium(II) and is reported as useful in organic syntheses. [Baker, Robert J.; Jones, Cameron. ""GaI": A versatile reagent for the synthetic chemist" Dalton Transactions (2005), (8), pp. 1341-1348. doi|10.1039/b501310k] [GaI: A new reagent for chemo- and diastereoselective C–C bond forming reactions, Green SP, Jones C., Stasch A., Rose R.P, New J. Chem., 2007, 31, 127 - 134, doi|10.1039/b613669a]


ee also

*Gallium halides

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