- Earl of Minto
Earl of Minto, in the County of Roxburgh, is a title in the
Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1813 for Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Baron Minto. The family descends from the politician and judge Gilbert Elliot, who served as a Lord of Sessionunder the judicial title of Lord Minto. In 1700 he was created a Baronet, of Minto in the County of Roxburgh, in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He was also a prominent judge and politician and served as a Lord of Session (under the judicial title of Lord Minto) from 1726 to 1733, as a Lord of the Justiciary from 1733 to 1765 and as Lord Justice Clerkfrom 1763 to 1766. His eldest son, the third Baronet, was a politician and held ministerial office as a Lord of the Admiraltyfrom 1756 to 1762 and as Treasurer of the Navyfrom 1767 to 1770. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the fourth Baronet. He was a noted diplomat, politician and colonial administrator and served as Governor-General of Indiafrom 1807 to 1813. In 1797 he was raised to the Peerage of Great Britainas Baron Minto, of Minto in the County of Roxburgh. In 1813 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Melgund, of Melgund in the County of Forfar, and Earl of Minto, in the County of Roxburgh. The latter titles are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. In 1797 Lord Minto assumed by Royal license the additional surnames of Murray-Kynynmound after those of Elliot.
He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He was a diplomat and Whig politician and held office as
First Lord of the Admiraltyfrom 1835 to 1841 and as Lord Privy Sealfrom 1846 to 1852. Lord Minto was succeeded by his eldest son, the third Earl. He sat as a Liberal Member of Parliamentfor Hythe, Greenock and Clackmannanshire. On his death the titles passed to his son, the fourth Earl. He was a prominent colonial administrator and served as Governor General of Canadafrom 1898 to 1904 and as Viceroy of Indiafrom 1905 to 1910. As of 2007 the titles are held by his great-grandson (the titles having descended from father to son), the seventh Earl, who succeeded in 2005.
Numerous other members of the family have also gained distinction.
*John Elliot, younger son of the second Baronet, was an
Admiralin the Royal Navyand also served as Commodore Governor of Newfoundland.
Andrew Elliot, another younger son of the second Baronet, was the last colonial governor of New York.
Jean Elliot, daughter of the second Baronet, was a poet and wrote one of the most famous versions of the Scottish folk tune " The Flowers of the Forest".
Hugh Elliot, second son of the third Baronet, was a diplomat and colonial administrator and served as Governor of the Leeward Islandsfrom 1808 to 1814. His son Sir Charles Elliot was an Admiral in the Royal navy and colonial administrator.
*The Hon. Sir George Elliot, second son of the first Earl, was an Admiral in the Royal Navy and also held political office under Lord Grey as
First Secretary to the Admiraltyfrom 1830 to 1834. He was the father of:
**1) Sir George Elliot (1812-1901), an Admiral in the Royal Navy, and
**2) Sir Alexander James Hardy Elliot (1825-1909), a
Major-Generalin the Army.
*The Hon. John Edmund Elliot, third son of the first Earl, was a Member of Parliament. His grandson Charles Sinclair Elliot (1853-1915) was a Captain in the Royal Navy.
*The Hon. Sir Henry Elliot, second son of the second Earl, was a noted diplomat and served as Ambassador to Austria from 1877 to 1884. His son Sir Francis Edmund Hugh Elliot (1851-1940) was also a diplomat and served as Minister to Greece.
*Sir Charles Gilbert John Brydone Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound (1818-1895), third son of the second Earl, was an
Admiral of the Fleet.
*The Hon. Arthur Elliot, second son of the third Earl, was a Conservative politician and served as
Financial Secretary to the Treasuryin 1903.
*The Hon. Hugh Elliot, third son of the third Earl, sat as Member of Parliament for Ayrshire North.
Lord Minto's eldest son and heir apparent uses the
courtesy title"Viscount Melgund".
The family seat is Minto, near
Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland.
Elliot Baronets, of Minto (1700)
Sir Gilbert Elliot, 1st Baronet(c.1650-1718)
Sir Gilbert Elliot, 2nd Baronet(c.1693-1766)
Sir Gilbert Elliot, 3rd Baronet(1722-1777)
*Sir Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Baronet (1751-1814) (created Baron Minto in 1797 and Earl of Minto in 1813)
Earls of Minto (1813)
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of Minto(1751-1814)
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 2nd Earl of Minto(1782-1859)
*William Hugh Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 3rd Earl of Minto (1814-1891)
*Gilbert John Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (1845-1914)
*Victor Gilbert Lariston Garnet Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 5th Earl of Minto (1891-1975)
*Gilbert Edward George Lariston Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 6th Earl of Minto (1928-2005)
*Gilbert Timothy George Lariston Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 7th Earl of Minto (b. 1953)
Heir Apparentis the present holder's eldest son Gilbert Francis Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Viscount Melgund (b. 1984)
*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ www.thepeerage.com]
* [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Earls_of_Minto Article on Earls of Minto at Classic Encyclopedia]
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